"Fascia Memory" Theory and Related Research
Fascia-based Emotional Memory Storage System


Image: Body Mind Integrative Awareness Logo - BMI-Rev'13a-Logo
About this page:
This has the older version (1995-98) of the theory (by this author, Christopher Pringer, therapist, student, researcher since 1984), PLUS various additions: a fairly extensive, lay-person friendly Intro (including for the "PROJECT" just below), a PREP-Note section (much revised May'14+), EXTENDED notes on the Motor Management Pathways, Limbic, & Somato Sensory related contexts, thence extensive & more continuously updated "Background & Key Research" and Reference Section(s), & anatomical illustrations.

Otherwise, this THEORY page has been mirrored to it's own page (reworded slightly to be more brief), among those 12 pages comprising the Fascia Memory Project, which project includes it's own TOC, overview & task-flow charts as described just below.

NOTE as needed: The better basic functional explanation of how Body-Memory is relevant to our lives, with the overall therapeutic, less scientific how's & why's of body-memory storage & release, is at the "Body-Mind Integration" (Essays) Page.

Links to all these and more are included at right or just below - this & navigation updated Nov'18
Section Topics & Links
   ChBullet   Proposed Research Project: Overall Goals for R&D, Charts, Etc
   ChBullet   Prep-Notes Fascia and "Body-Memory", relationships and implications
   ChBullet   "Body Memory (Storage) and Morphic Fields - "Background & Key Research (Intro)
   ChBullet   Theory:
        ChBullet   "An Image to Set the Scene"
        ChBullet   Fields of Communication and "Wrinkles in the Saran Wrap"
        ChBullet   Motor Management          (NEW Aug'17+, pathways, limbic, &...)
        ChBullet   Somato Sensory Related Contexts         (NEW Aug'17+)
        ChBullet   Body-Mind Relationships: A few more Questions for Research
        ChBullet   The Role of Scar Tissue AND it's Transition Process...
        ChBullet   CHART illustrating Fascia Memory Theory - Interfaces of the Proprio-Neuro, Motor Management, Connective Tissue, Adrenal, Emotional Body Aspects... (June'12, Aug'17)
   ChBullet   Somatosensory Pathways & Anatomy Charts (Sept'17)
   ChBullet   Related Considerations, incl. a Fibromyalgia Theory with Examples (4'11)
   ChBullet   Related References (Extensive, including it's own TOC)
   ChBullet   Reference Publications
   ChBullet   More Recent Related Scientific Research including "Proprioreception research breakthrough! 9/21/16" and "...Thalamus & "Thalamic Somato-Sensory Memory Gating"
   ChBullet   Seminal/Key Research in Body Memory Including The Oschmans, Candace Pert, Stuart Hameroff & Roger Penfield, and "Q & A of Relationship between the Dynamics of Neuropeptides, Microtubules, and Somatic Recall (April 2017)"
   ChBullet   Research in Fascia, Water & Fascia, AND...
   ChBullet   Related Pages at this Site (more elaborated descriptions)
   ChBullet   UPDATES & EDITS PAGE Incl. to this page :: Maintained / CURRENT
   ChBullet   About Page and the Author/Artist/Site Info (separate pages)

The Fascia-Memory Project

This link will take you to the Project Home Page with 11 pages: including TOC, project objectives/goals, Theory, references, & charts

Proposed Overall Goals
for Research & Development:

    ¤   To identify and define the relationship(s) between connective tissue (fascia), the objective/subjective experience, and "body-memory" -- which relationship(s) will be connected, and thus revealed through the research as a much more 'tangible' consideration in medical diagnostics;  
    ¤   To identify and define related scanning devices and diagnostics hardware and software for discerning and illustrating these relationships;
    ¤   To identify and define all manner of changes (that these devices will read) in fascia (including around circulatory vessels, etc), including pathological changes occurring prior, during, and subsequent to the research;
    ¤   To identify and define the most suitable means for organizing and coordinating communications among the many highly interdependent sub-projects and, on a continuing basis as needed, determining each and all together their direction;
    ¤   To identify and define scientifically supported medical applications, including enhanced systems for developing body-awareness for preventative health maintenance application;
    ¤   To identify and define the integration of these systems for both small- and large-scale applications.
    ¤   Some corollary programs are suggested that would provide financial support as well as avenues for expanded research.

Fascia-Memory Project Overview Chart

Task Flow Chart [PERT-style view]

Navigation tip for this page as for many at this site, considering there are many links to other pages included in most any one page section here: After briefing the topics links above, you might begin by scroll-briefing the whole page (with your scroll mouse or page-down key). Then back to where you want to begin your reading with an idea of what you want to cover. That way you're more likely to get what you need here before leaving via one of the links. And remember, your 'back' button is always handy.
Most Related Pages at this Site

ChBullet   Fascia Memory Project set of web pages includes Overview & Pert Charts (see left)

ChBullet   Theory first published by this author (Fall '96) at BioPsy Cyberzine & Futurehealth

ChBullet   The "Body-Mind Integration" (Essays) Page
The How's & Why's Of Psycho-Emotional Storage In The Body-Mind and much more (title essay Published In Massage Magazine, July-August 1992)

ChBullet   "Tensing Yoga" For learning these dynamics, AS you treat your own chronic areas, in a relatively easy, enjoyable way. There's newly added focus (Fall'11) on Tension Range & *Work/Rest Ratio*, thence Muscle Energy Efficiency, on individual muscle focus & teamwork WITH muscles, thence "edgework", upon clarifying realities about proper stretching vs some common myths & resulting injuries. TY is not about yoga positions (asanas), although TY may improve that - quicker, easier, & without injury.

ChBullet   The Body-Mind Integration Home Page
Essays, Art, Professional Bio, Links, FTP

"Integration": "Integration" in the wholistic or therapeutic sense, implies that the information or skills (whether of the past, the good, the bad, remembered or forgotten) are re-organized and then learned from, in such a healthfully complete or "Integral" way, that it is understood and used for the highest good. This transforms the most destructive material- that which has been repressed or denied. (*Love-Wisdom* in application)


First, Some basics for interested lay persons:

         The "Body-Mind Integration" (Essays) Page, particularly the essay, "Body-Mind Integration in the Personal Growth Process" goes into some depth regarding the How's & Why's Of Psycho-Emotional Storage, and yet may not be technically overwhelming, depending on your level of interest in the topic.
         Fascia is one type of Connective Tissue. Connective Tissue includes muscles, tendons, ligaments, and fascia. Fascia provides the envelope for, and (ideally) the lubricated surface between, each muscle fiber and muscle group. It also provides the connective medium between, pervading, and/or interconnecting just about every system and subsystem in the human body! It is fascia that this writing concerns.

         I would like to offer the following postulations (a psuedo-theory?) for your possible exploration. And for your enjoyment, provided you like tossing about ideas and theories on memory storage. Having practiced primarily as a massage therapist and body-awareness counselor since 1984, I am most interested in somatic memory storage. In the process of going about my work (with the person in my care at any given time), I tend to access and work with this element to varying degrees, as devising strategies for addressing excess tension or muscle injury, and as developing related preventative health maintenance programs.

MORE TECHNICALLY SPEAKING (for practitioners, scientists, et-al):

         In the proposed overall goals for the fascia memory project (above left), the KEY phrases related to the theory are "...the relationship(s) between connective tissue (fascia), the objective/subjective experience, and 'body-memory'...", and "...all manner of changes ...in fascia..." That is, the theory is about the question(s) of a) what relationship(s) there are among these elements, b) what changes there may be among these elements and the relationships among them as related to somatic memory storage - including what kind(s) of memory and how and why and where (more specifically), and c) the reasoning behind how and why such might be understood to exist.

         The purpose of this page is to effectively communicate that, as well as the more recently added information pertaining to the "emotional body" components (adrenals, inner-child persona as defined, neuro-indocrine system, et al) in concert with upper mind-body components, from brainstem to cerebral cortex. And, ideally, to do that sufficiently to achieve the scientific review, analysis, and research that is best suited to accomplish the proposed goals of the project.

"Fascia-Memory" and a Basic Premise at the foundation of this project: There exists much documentation (a great deal of it being referenced on this page) indicating there is a primary cause and effect relationship between emotional trauma (or milder but repeated emotionally charged stress), the suppression of any memory of that, and retained tension in the physical body. That includes documentation that fascia retains a physical record of stresses, strains, and injuries to muscle fibers.
         Further, it is theorized here that there is a significant relationship between this tension and the (subsequent) injuries that are most likely to occur for any given person. More specifically, this is very useful since this relationship pertains to location and type of injury; even the timing (most apparently as per phases of development and maturation of the physical body). Even if that were true only for very significant types and amounts of tension, it would be very important. The references provided below cover a good deal of the very wide range of considerations that, if you will, compose the infrastructure of the fascia memory theory.

         Implications - as related to the project research and goals: Equipped with a scanning device developed through the research as proposed, a physician with a high degree of knowledge about these relationships (often referred to as 'correlations' here) can thus make determinations for an individual's preventative health maintenance program. S/he can provide that - with a level of accuracy and reliability that far surpasses today's capabilities - as well as equally accurate diagnosis for conditions not easily "read" at the current time.
         For instance, a physician could read indicators of emotional trauma - whether it occurred a few years or a few decades in the past - as related to specific tension(s), and what likelihood it may lead to additional injury or chronic conditions. Even the best genetic information would not give us that (certainly as also related to the ligaments, disks, or bursa, caused by injury to the musculature, let alone as a verification of the psychological correlations AFTER the fact of the injury- to whichever level of being). However, this research would accomplish such a degree of capability -- to determine a specific degree of potential for future progress or lack there of -- that strategies for prevention and/or intervention can be efficiently designed and employed.

         EG: To the degree I am aware of retained or stored tension in my body (and related nature, potentials, and implications), then to that degree I am equipped to develop an effective preventative health program for my body. But this is about more than just the body. After all, modern psychology generally concedes that memory suppression/storage is highly related to mental-emotional attributes, not to mention basic personality traits.

         Hence, application of the best preventative health program might include therapy that changes the degree to which that storage of tension relates to subsequent or mental-emotional discomfort as well as bodily injury, or therapy that even totally precludes mental-emotional discomfort as well as bodily injury.

[continued in 3rd Column]
    "Connective tissue is a composite material, consisting of strong insoluble collagen fibers embedded in a gel-like ground substance. The fibers are arranged in highly ordered, crystalline arrays. Like many other crystals, connective tissue is piezoelectric, i.e. it generates electric fields when compressed or stretched. Hence any movement of any part of the body, muscle, bone, skin, blood vessel, etc., generates characteristic electrical fields that spread through the surrounding tissues. Since collagen is a semiconductor, the connective tissue is an integrated electronic network that allows all parts of the organism to communicate with each other."
     Site Source for this note (Oschmans On Their Book).
     Thanks to Infolad1 for the Video link he posted for "Electric Universe - The Human Story - James Oschman""

Proprioceptor field array D3a artistic rendering by Chris Pringer, Jan 2010 & 2011

Proprioceptor field array D1a artistic rendering by Chris Pringer, Jan 2010 & 2011

Proprioceptor field array D2c2 &Cellp5[dslv1] artistic rendering by Chris Pringer, Jan 2010 & 2011

Proprioceptor field array D3c2 artistic rendering by Chris Pringer, Jan 2010 & 2011

Proprioceptor field array D1c1 artistic rendering by Chris Pringer, Jan 2010 & 2011

Proprioceptor field array D2c1 artistic rendering by Chris Pringer, Jan 2010 & 2011

Artistic Renderings of "proprioceptor field arrays" in muscle cells - Chris Pringer Jan 2010 & 2011

KEY WORDS & Related Question:
What possibilities arise when considering the interaction of the following mechanisms/ therapies/ theories ?

* Autonomic and Sensory Nervous system particular to fascia/connective tissue * Electromagnetic Field of Electric Conductor Wire * The "permanent" wrinkle effect in saran wrap (applied here to fascia) * Radar/Sonar Field Interference Detection * Unified Field and related morphogenetic theory (Rupert Sheldrake) * Holographic Reflection theory - as applied to cells/systems of living organisms (Dennis Gabor, David Bohm, Karl H. Pribram, Hugo Zucarelli) * Neuronet technology * neuro-emotional * Fixed Muscle Contraction Patterning in Human Musculature and "Re-wiring" methodology/ techniques of the Feldenkrais system of bodywork * The same patterns and various Connective Tissue Therapies (as per "Rolfing," Hellerwork, Postural Integration, MyoFascial Release, etc) * "Microtubules, Quantum Resonance, Coherence, and Consciousness," * "Symbiosis and Mitochondria," * "DNA-based computers" (see Related References below) * Characteristics of Fibromyalgia and its "Auto-Immune" disorder in relation to connective tissue
          To clarify, about where memory is stored in general, IMHO (in my humble but educated opinion): I do not believe it's *all* stored in the body - but that is where we can find it - and make the best use of it, certainly, IMHO, if we do the fascia memory project research. I believe the brain has the access terminals [although not necessarily *access* - let alone conscious access] for what is stored in or outside of the body, but that *body-memory* is the most interesting as far as therapy and healing is concerned. Memory is registered/recorded w/via a variety of stimuli - through any one or more of the senses- therefore each sense-component of a memory is going to be stored differently- according to the particular sense stimulated at the time of the event.
          What makes it "interesting" is that note about *access* - which depends not only on how the data for memory is gained, but on how or whether the memory is *fully* processed (including per the fascia memory theory), or if/how it is gated, largely or primarily via the thalamus and hippacampus (per more recent findings and/or additions to the theory as presented on this page.

          Why? This theory is based on the fact (how personal experience and science has shown) that memory of some past event can be stimulated by any one of the senses- a taste, a sound, a touch, etc, not to mention a particular complex set of emotions . While scientists have re-stimulated memories by probing access points, and mapped the results, those discoveries are far from complete by any definition I would yet accept for memory overall.
          As or like an access terminal, IMHO, the brain serves like a table of contents or an index of the book of one's memory, by which the context and content (of one or more components of memory(s)) can be referenced, selected, attenuated, analyzed, mapped, or pattern associated, so that it/they can (each/all) be compared, interpolated (filled in via pattern analysis) and/or visually charted (etc), as well as gathered into a coherent whole and/or as originally imputed. That of course, IMHO, includes those memory components stored in/via the connective tissue, including that around organs, that utilize energy-fields around nerve-tissue, proprioceptors, and other sense receptors.

          That has been summarized very well (regarding the totality of ones memory [if not the specifics, functionally or anatomically]), in the 2nd article, p.73 Massage Therapy Journal, Fall 95: "Equidistributional information mapping: An analogy to holograms and memory ...made explicit suggestion that memory is stored in the brain as interference patterns comparable to those used in holography." (ref: Julesz, B. and K.S. Pennington, Journal of the Optical Society of America 55:604) [also see ref. "The Universe as a Hologram" in Related References Section]

         The "Core Body-Mind Integration Concepts in Context Chart" is at the Organization Chart page. It compacts the key points (body-mind aspects covered at this site, in context with the fascia memory theory/project) into a relatively small visual space, and provides a summary of them and their implications relative to body-mind preventative maintenance, pain management, other aspects.

          I celebrate and deeply appreciate Dr. Dan Siegel's work in elucidating How & why, in layman's level neurobiology, the limbic system integrates the three most recognized levels of our being, as well as implications & providing pragmatic applications via text book guidance for professionals, lay people, and students of self-healing.
          If/when you read the section, "Excerpts from 'Neuroscience and Psychotherapy' by Marilyn Morgan..'" (further below) including quotes by Ron Kurtz, Daniel Siegel, John Briere on mapmaking within the brain, implicit memory, deep cognitive structures, and storage of emotional memory, I would request that the you consider how the statements of the collaborators in this summary may relate to the "Fascia Memory Theory."
         That is, as they may also to the QUESTIONS as specifically regards body-memory via the musculature, eg: somato-sensory related memory suppression (*SSRMS*), including for the storage of *this* supressed memory, as well as for its consolidation, resolution, but especially its re-integration. And whether the thalamus might be looked at for the *mediation function* (*for SSRMS*) in coordiation with with the FMTheory components (including the proprioceptors of the musculature), as it is extensively connected to and surrounded by the limbic system (per notes in the "Motor Management Centers" sub-section below and references further below).

         I believe that psychologists and psychiatrists want proof - understandably - for their theories and hypothesis about how and why neurotransmitters --or any other components in the nervous, endocrine, or other systems-- play a part in trauma, or even in personality formation, and in memory storage. I believe that the Fascia Memory Project - to the degree this research is undertaken - will answer many of their questions. And I hope that many of them will find relevance in this project, and desire support for it, perhaps even demand it. And lastly, I hope the project's end-goals are also followed-through upon (ref: the overview and pert charts, also linked to in this page's intro section).

          By the way, I realize there has been (continuing) to be much research that the project asks for (so to speak - whether or not those doing such research have the faintest clue of this proposal). And I am doing my best to keep up with such research, and at least summarize as much as I recognize as applicable. That is, from such a vast amount that would appear to apply, to someone still developing skills in such recognition, not to mention research, within such realms of knowledge.
          And - in reference to those related methods, processes, terms, concepts, etc - while I try to keep the main aspects understandable for the interested lay-person in the earlier sections of this page, I will endeavor to retain the key elements in the overall summary findings, as might be made use of by the "research teams" (if you will). And will greatly appreciate [whom it may concern's] patience with me as well as suggestions. All this is done in the consideration that, (so far) I know of no one else collating research for these purposes (objectives, goals, etc) as laid out via the fascia memory project.

          Thanks to all who read and consider the contents of this page. ~Christopher Pringer


Body Memory (Storage) and Morphic Fields


          At one time Rupert Sheldrake stated that there needed to be some way to confirm the existence and role(s) of morphic fields. I am wondering if research in the directions indicated below might be a useful and relatively easy way to research morphic field theory. In the course of it we may discover important physiological relationships to the intangibles of emotional memory storage. Acknowledgments and appreciation to the scientists working and publishing in this brand new field of science. [Since the first publishing of this writing, I feel validated in my ideas by the research noted in the next few paragraphs.]
          Scientific Confirmation?: When scanning through web pages (Nov '00) I felt I had finally found the big one... it seemed to perfectly resonate with - and scientifically support to a great degree - what I have seen/felt and which led me to write the "theory" (see Theory page): "The Acupuncture System and The Liquid Crystalline Collagen Fibres of the Connective Tissues" by Mae-Wan Ho. Her assembly of research material, some of it her own, virtually creates the scientific support infrastructure for the Fascia Memory Theory. Her interests include conductivity, resonance or 'coherence', and healing via cellular alignment. Also to note is her essay, "Bioenergetics and Biocommunication." Her published writings are linked to from the Related References section.

          Especially contributive to this field of research has been the leading edge scientists, James L. Oschman, Ph.d. and Nora H. Oschman, Authors of "SOMATIC RECALL, Part 1 - Soft tissue memory," and "...Part 2 - Soft tissue holography," published in American Massage Therapy Association Journal, Summer `95 and Fall `95. In the Related References section are links to their writings -- examples of inspiring synergy in relating key discoveries in body memory connections.
          Their research is conducted at Nature's Own Research Association (NORA) and Nature's Own Research Laboratories, Inc. (NORL), of Delaware. NORA & NORL seeks natural solutions to environmental and medical problems through careful research into basic biology and related sciences. Most of the research on alternative or complementary medicines seeks to prove their effectiveness. Very few investigators are researching the mechanisms involved. While this is extremely valuable, research into mechanisms is not normally funded by government and philanthropic organizations.

          All of the above would not have been possible were it not for the Research in Microtubules, Ordered States, & Consciousness, in Cellular Memory, Engrams, & supportive Cell Biophysics, particularly by the prolific Stuart Hameroff, author of Toward a Science of Consciousness and many other publications cited in the Related References section. Also noted there are instrumental works by Karl Pribram and Roger Penrose, among many others.

          Other Key Findings include those by Candace B. Pert, Ph.D. Her recent great discoveries in this regard are published in her ground-breaking book, Molecules and Emotion. Also most timely and important is the work of psychologist Paul Pearsall, Ph.D.   His book, The Heart's Code, The New Findings About Cellular Memories and Their Role in the Mind/Body/Spirit Connection, is about the experiences of recipients of transplanted hearts, including himself. It has already begun to forever change how science looks at the mind, the heart, and memory. Candace Pert says "...This may be the most important and revolutionary ... the mind is not in the brain and memory can survive after death." Find more about Dr. Pert in the Related References section.

          A Summary of Fascia Memory Research, relatively recent (Prior to 2013) as well as key research prior to 1999 (thus many not included below), in "Does fascia hold memories?" (DOI) by Paolo Tozzi, Msc, BSc (Hons) Ost, DO, PT:   <>  Excerpt re: epignetic response to manual therapy: "As far as manual therapy is concerned, evidence suggests that mechanical signals are crucial regulators of cell behavior and tissue differentiation by affecting gene regulation at the epigenetic level, through an heritable reduction of DNA methylation (Arnsdorf et al., 2010). This process may regulate extracellular matrix composition, inflammation, angiogenesis and fibroblast activity involved in tissue repair and function (Bavan et al., 2011)."   <>  Excerpt re: collagen, trauma, hypothalamus: "In cases of functional strain or mechanical stress through collagen bundles, known physiological responses involve fibroblast mechano-chemical transduction, and modulation of gene expression patterns (Chiquet, 1999), together with inflammatory and tissue remodelling processes of the collagenous matrix (Swartz et al., 2001). Furthermore, the release of substance P from nerve endings, particularly driven by the hypothalamus following emotional trauma, may alter the collagen structure into a specific hexagonal shape, referred as “emotional scar” (Heine, 1990). The entirety of this phenomenon may be interpreted as a highly structurally and functionally specific process of encoding memory traces in fascia."   <>  Excerpt re: Water & Memory: "Bodyworkers may therefore gain their results by freeing tissue memories stored in the watery body content. The interplay of calcium ion concentration and unbound water oscillations may increase following manually applied fascial work, so promoting interstitial fluid flow (Lee, 2008). This may in turn stimulate fibroblast proliferation and collagen production/alignment (Hinz et al., 2004), thanks to the coupling of the electrical-vibrational continuum with the mechanical tensegrity structure of the connective tissue-intracellular matrix."   <>  Article sections, each with implications for manual therapies, include: Neuro-fascial memory, Fascial memory, Extracellular matrix and tissue memory, Epigenetics and tissue memory, Microtubules, gel-sol transformation and tissue memory, Fascial contractility and tissue memory, Chemical memory, Tensegrity, vibration and tissue memory, Water and memory, Hypothesis; 87 References. [Added Sept'17]

          Folks to watch for research and practical application in Preventative Maintenance include The Institute of HeartMath, author of Freeze-Frame: Fast Action Stress Relief and Self-Empowerment. Here, they have found correlations in heart activity to changes in the immune system and changes in hormonal balance, as well as to changes in perception and intelligence.

          Someone to watch for research and practical application in mind-body integrative research and much more is Dr. Daniel J. Siegel, author of "Interpersonal Neurobiology of the Developing Mind," among many other important works, has assembled research that outlines the anatomical as well as functional relationships in body-mind integration - prolifically so for many applications in the health disciplines. Dr. Siegel, as far back as 2001 in the "Infant Mental Health Journal" referred to the brain's "capacity to differentiate its circuitry and also to integrate its functioning ...for autonoesis develops and creates an autobiographical self," about third-order neural maps built on the second-and first-order mappings of the self, and the "...the construct our integration of past-present-future ...directly shaping the development of the self." Find more about Dr. Siegel in the Related References section.

          "Job's Body" by Deane Juhan (Barrytown, Station Hill Press, Inc.) has been considered indispensable by bodyworkers for the last two decades or more, with it's 3rd Ed. in 2003 (previously 1987, 1998). It covers, with a great deal of neurological function and anatomy detail, The "Gamma Loop" (of gamma motor system) "in response to attitudes and emotions that have little or nothing to do with the actual task at hand," the "Golgi Reflex Arc," "Required Tension," "Resting Tension," refers to "tension values" as influenced if not managed by and/or "states of mind in the higher brain centers... attitudes and emotions ...tugging on our muscles just as effectively as are any external forces, setting the stage for our reflex responses." As regards the later, Juhan also notes the influence of "sensory engrams ...fed out to the muscles through various routes contained within the direct corticospinal path and the multineuronal path." The sensory motor pathways through the cortex-thalamic-cerebellar-brain stem [et al] engagement are also summarily and very efficiently outlined with many illustrations. The "tension values" are indicated (in context, if not by direct statement) as related to the temporary and/or permanent memory suppression function and memory re-integration, and the relationship between those two, as well as restoration of optimal tension in the connective tissues. Juhan provides a great body of work that I can only imagine is motivating much of the research towards proving these relationships -directly- including the cerebellar-thalamic-hippocampal mapping/ gating/ organizing processes for managing that memory suppression and re-integration -- to the degree that the efficacious approaches of *somatic psychology* would seem to be dependent upon.
          [Note regarding Juhan's "tension values" relative to the "Work/Rest Ratio" as noted below relative to the fascia memory theory [as originally given special emphasis relative to "Tension Yoga" (by the author of these web pages)]: One may deduce this ratio from the text of "Job's Body," but it is far from stated as a ratio (or equivalent). The implications of the dynamics created by nature of this ratio (or its equivalent) are not made directly through the material in "Job's Body," although they certainly *can be* deduced through same. But therein no direct emphasis is given to the ratio's importance or relationship to all the above. ~cp]

          I appreciate educated feedback to the ideas below, for offering your related scientific facts, theory, or commentary. And/or for passing this on to those who you think might consider this idea (or parts of it) potentially useful, and/or to those who may offer useful response. Thank you for your consideration.

Proprioceptor field array D2a artistic rendering by Chris Pringer, Jan 2010 & 2011

Proprioceptor field array D2c2 &Cellp5[dslv1] artistic rendering by Chris Pringer, Jan 2010 & 2011

Proprioceptor field array D3c3 artistic rendering by Chris Pringer, Jan 2010 & 2011

Proprioceptor field array D1c1 artistic rendering by Chris Pringer, Jan 2010 & 2011

Basal Ganglia Brainstem & Red Nucleus, by unknown
Basal Ganglia Brainstem & Red Nucleus, by unknown

Proprioception & Spinocerebellar Tracts, re-assembled by Chris Pringer



Theory first published by this author (Fall '96) at BioPsy Cyberzine & Futurehealth

An Image to Set the Scene:

   *      1) Imagine a section of mountainous terrain that has plateaus, valleys, flatlands and rivers in and through it. Imagine that each one of these, as well as the mountains themselves, have lines of conductive material outlining them as well as in diagonal lines formed between each corner section that would be created by the shapes of them.
   *      2) See a one-dimensional map underlying the whole terrain, like a flat surface that all the above sits on, and draw lines from each of the above noted points down to this flat surface.
   *      3) Now do the same for four sides and a top. [Actually, its not that simple, but here we will pretend that all the sections are square] You have created a 3-dimensional matrix filled in with "blocks" or sections - each having a top, bottom, and four sides - and each of these blocks are outlined with lines of conductive material.
   *      4) Imagine that Electric flows through each of these conductive lines and that this action forms a field of secondary energy around the line - or circuit. Each square block therefore has 12 circuits bordering it [in this simplified example]. Now consider that, depending on whether the line is originally a mountain perimeter, a river main, a valley diagonal, or a reference line to a border surface, the line conducts a different frequency of energy, therefore the surrounding electro-magnetic field (EMF) is also individual to that circuit, and that this individual nature is further varied by the volume of current flowing through it. The overall energy field in each block that is subsequently created by the combination of these 12 electro-magnetic fields is highly individual compared to that of any other block, and could be understood therefore to have a particular identity or "signature."
   *      5) Now imagine that there is a system for detection and interpretation of each blocks' energy field, not to mention that of whole matrices, combinations of matrices in the same local, of matrices within and/or connected to whole systems, and so on.
   *      6) Now for some fun -- Lets imagine that the whole above matrix, with all the blocks in it, is made of a clear, flexible material, one that you can see through, and that when it's stretched or squeezed it tends to retain the impression of that re-shaping somewhat.
   *      7) Pretend that you compress it - from the sides - and re-shape it so it looks a bit squashed. Notice that the blocks inside are also a little re-shaped. And guess what happens to the circuit lines and the energy fields around/in those blocks -- well, I'm not a physicist or even a mathematician, so I wouldn't try to make a sophisticated speculation, but we can guess that the energy field would change.
   *      -----> Very likely, the frequency of the various circuits' EMF fields would then change and the effect of the blocks' overall field upon that of neighboring blocks would also change. And it might be hard to imagine that one block could even be compressed without distorting the dimensions of neighboring fields, so we could figure that many simultaneous changes are taking place in that whole region of matrices.

[continued just below]

Multi-Dimensional Terrain in Fascia, artistic rendering by Chris Pringer
    Multi-Dimensional Terrain in Fascia, artistic rendering by Chris Pringer
Multi-Dimensional Terrain in Fascia, artistic rendering by Chris Pringer

Fields of Communication and "Wrinkles in the Saran Wrap"

         OK, now lets take a section of the human musculature, create a few terms that better refer to the human anatomy, and elaborate. Please forgive any unnecessary redundancy in describing the dynamics and energetic relationships:

         The sensory nerves, proprioreceptors, and other nervous system components, which I'll collectively refer to as "sensors," from here on, are used in conjunction with the Motor Management Centers[*] of the brain to create a "memory" of emotion related events (ERE's) as registered in the body fascia. The fascia is richly supplied with sensors such that systems which I'll call "Sensor Field Arrays" (SFA's) are created by multiple layers of fascia and in varying numbers of planes in any given area of soft tissue. That is to say, an energy field is created by any given grouping of sensors (a Sensor Field Array), simply due to the electro-magnetic vibration created by each of its components. And let's say that when such (if not most any) cells are gathered together, they form a collective bio-electro-magnetic field.

         As this field is 3 dimensional, the electro-dynamics here are similar (though many times smaller) to those we would measure around electric transmission equipment and fields of wires. And here the wires and transformers (the latter serve to relay, step-up or step-down the volume of the current) may be laying in many different planes and directions and radiating their electric fields in varying strengths and even varying frequencies.

         Hence, each Sensor Field Array has a basic/original Sensor Field Configuration that serves as its signature. This signature is read by the components of that field (via a kind of bio-electric triangularization and radar- like pattern reading), and this reading is recorded as an original and unique set of data. (It should be noted that sensor fields may physically and/or energetically overlap, contain or be contained by, other sensor fields.)

         In this way the Sensor Field Arrays are used in conjunction with the Motor Management Centers[*] of the brain to create a "memory" of emotion related events (ERE) as registered in the body fascia. The sensor field signature [or SA Configuration (SAC)] is used to compare to ERE of subsequent experience. This signature is used to compare to ERE of subsequent experience. This comparison creates another set of data that serves as "memory" that compares the results of one experience to another. It does this via the "pleating" (the well known "ran wrap" signature formed in fascia) and which is created by ERE. This is because the pleating distorts the sensor field energy configuration.

         FOR EXAMPLE: In time phase one we have a certain arrangement of pleating in the fascia in a given Sensor Field Array. The energy configuration of this field is "read" by the sensors and designated as the "original" signature CF Configuration of that field. This signature data is stored as a set of dimensional coordinates, energy vectors, and frequencies. In Phase two, an event causes a displacement of the atomic or molecular structure, changing the dimensions, energy vectors, and frequencies in that field. This change is compared and this comparison is recorded as an internal holographic image -- an "internal memory" -- that is referenced/correlated with the data registered by external sensory organs (of smell, sight, touch, hearing, and taste). The brain interprets this data and serves to coordinate the flow of information and manage reactions/responses of related functions and maintain operations. If, for some reason, the person reacts to the experience with a interruption of the breathing process, resulting in an interruption in the flow of this information (due to an ERE), it affects the oxygen supplied to the energy field in question. The musculature of that field is momentarily paralyzed and a pleat is formed in the fascia of that field. Now there is a permanent new signature in that field, as well as a new SA Configuration that is a result both of the pleating as well as of any new dimensions. If on the other hand the subsequent experience (in phase two) is continuous to the next experience, we say the experience in phase two is complete and there is no permanent physical marking or *storage* of that experience with a pleat, and the Fascial SA Configuration is simply given over to the next one.

         On an unconscious mental dimension, for each Sensory Field and/or set of any combination of them, morphic fields are created for storage of patterned reactions and responses of soft tissue, based in part on the physical pleating, and based in part on learning of (postural and movement) behavior. Habitual patterns, that fix posture and movement within only certain ranges, relates directly to the pleating and the resultant restrictions in the soft tissue.

         The brain over time learns to interpret the data registered -- this is what is generally referred to as learning. But learning to interpret the internally sensed holographic image data involves the so-called empathic and psychic capabilities, which we all have and use, but usually without our being conscious of it, let alone in an organized and consistent fashion. The proprioreceptors and their maintenance of appropriate muscle tone and postural balance is actually a major part of this system, at least on the physical level. But the other parts of this system provide relationship between our mental perceptions, the feelings around them, and the manner and nature with which experience affects the physical body in the short term and in the long term.

         Moisture content along the facial surfaces would then determine the strength of electrical potential or "charge" in that field. This translates to kinesthetic/sensory and emotional sensitivity for that field. A Pleat forms [from, and then retains] emotional-related charges for as long as the experience is kept as a conscious memory. There would be a direct corollary between the memory being suppressed, and the field's moisture content decreasing and thus it's oxygen level (and/or its "normal" use of oxygen) decreasing. Ideally, moisture content is high such that the bio-electric currents pass through and feelings do not get "stuck" -- stored as suppressed emotion. Another way of saying this is that fascial bio-electro/magnetic resonance reflects memory (experience) with the manner in which solution is distributed on its surface; coherent wave patterns reflect symmetricity and alignment of atomic relationships.

         There are references to a "Model for Bioelectric Responsiveness of Fascia" in some of the myo-fascial release trainings, but if we truly want to know the degree of bio-electric interconnectivity, and the potential for engaging our capacities for neuroplasticity, in my opinion, we will look much deeper into the fascia and it's interfaces with other connective tissues, per the theory above and the research into the devices as proposed in the "Fascia Memory Project".

Theory first published by this author (Fall '96) at BioPsy Cyberzine & Futurehealth
The following was began with this web page, and edited since then per the noted dates.

*Motor Management Centers*   (and not just "Motor Cortex")

         "Motor Management Centers" is the term I have chosen to refer to the Motor Cortex, Somatic Sensory Cortex, Cerebellum and brain stem (for proprioception). As an addition to the Fascia Memory theory, this term also refers to areas of the Limbic system that manage emotional integration as associated with muscle fascia memory storage and related adrenal response mechanisms. This term replaces the previous use of the terms "Motor Cortex" and "Motor Control Centers" where their use at this site was overly limiting, thus incorrect. Also included (Aug'17) is a reference the thalamus of the Limbic System as well as to the Cerebellum -- as I am becoming more convinced of the Thalamus as (as not only positionally central but) primary to the emotional integrative function of the fascia memory storage management, and of the Cerebellum (via brain stem) as where the KEYs & Formulas are recorded (or "sensorimotor mapping", albeit possibly much more complex than what research usually refers to with that term). Also added were the names of nerve tracts specific to the communication of proprioceptive information.

        Note regarding the [Thalamus Related Refs included further below: So far as found and included here, it cannot be said these references necessarily refer to circuits or components that research has definitely indicated in gating *emotionally induced* traumatic memory, certainly not any one of them. But overall, they would seem to be highly anatomically and/or functionally relevant to "somatosensory-thalamic memory gating". Perhaps only the "context" of the signaling (including frequency and timing of the collective signaling) composes the difference from that noted in the references, considering how that aspect seems to be indicated in the more recent research (?) :!: I've often said, "context is everything," and now am finding that this term is actually used, with specific connotations in neural communications research, and perhaps critically with regard to the theory and questions proposed here! Truth IS not only stranger, but funnier and even punnier than fiction! ~cp, 8/7/16, 8/26/17, 9/17/17]
Somato Sensory Related Contexts   (including as relates to the interface chart below)

         In various other contexts I have referred to the "Work/Rest Ratio" [The "Body-Mind Integration" (Essays) and "Tensing Yoga" pages] and will here include that this dynamic aspect is a (the?) most readily available kinesthetically direct and conscious interface with, and means of engaging and enhancing the somatic sensory modalities. This includes those pathways and systems in the brainstem, (=>) cerebellum, (=>) thalamus, AND hippocampus [with amygdala if/as related], that specifically have to do with the recovery and integration of suppressed memory (from trauma &/or longer term conditioning less than necessary for health), and of related types of implicit memory, particularly as that may correspond to chronic excess tension in that musculature being attended to. ["Implicit memory" is more related to *unconscious* memory; whereas "explicit" is more related to *conscious* memory.]

Hence (IMHO):

                a) There is a great need to research these more implicit memory functions as compared to, but especially as interfacing with, the explicit memory functions of the hippocampus, et al, thence the body-mind's overall management of their interface and greater appreciation of why, as well as how, the unconscious and conscious somatosensory pathway memories are kept that way when and to the degree that they are. That is, including the possible role of the thalamus in the *mediation function* for the same memory suppression , including for the management of suppressed memory storage (as mapped by the cerebellum?), as well as for its consolidation, resolution, but especially its re-integration.

                b) From there, we may know the exact mechanisms that initiate the post-consolidation signals (including as compared to the "normal" signals) through the descending sensory pathways that coordinate with the other sensory motor dynamics to manage the tension values in muscles and tendons. And while we are coming to know a great deal about somatosensory pathways and how that relates to changing and/or maintaining various ranges of muscle tension [or certain kinds of ranges] under [certain] varying conditions, still...

         The question arises of WHICH SENSOR pathways would actually relay the "fascia memory" information(?) Here's one research that notes some very potentially relevant(?) unknowns and posits challenges - about "deep dorsal horn interneurons ...The lack of markers for pre- and postsynaptic partners in LTMR-associated dorsal horn circuits..." ("The Sensory Neurons of Touch," Victoria E. Abraira and David D. Ginty (2013). [~cp, 10/12/17]

                c) This is a good place to mention the apparent "Parallel Balance Requirement": that is, for a balance of circuit completion in parallel mechanisms in order to process sensory motor memory consolidation - and especially in memory reconsolidation. Whereas prior to that, sensory-associated emotional memory may be available *only unconsciously,* not appropriately structured for the present moment, and certainly not always in the most productive ways. This is in reference to dysfunctional perception and/or external projection of attributes into ones environment (especially upon other people). During which event, in some cases the emotion may be consciously felt, in others it may not even be consciously felt at the time. After-the-fact attempts at rational explanation of which may thus lack objectivity, not withstanding other factors. "Gut Feeling" and "intuition" might then be held up as the reason for the irrational act, and in truth, for the above described example, all else remaining the same, it IS the right brain faculties at play -- but without the balance of the left brain's analytical function. But of course, other factors always play in to any circumstance. And in any case, if I may say so, balance is a good thing.

                d) Which brings us to the consideration of healthcare modalities that purposely and therapeutically (or otherwise) engage and manipulate these systems. As with other "Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation" methodologies, the inherently natural psychological protections provided by these systems -preventing premature recovery of suppressed memories- will retain their integrity until and to the degree that the individual is ready to deal with that data. Whereas, as an integral part of integrative therapies, 'Work/Rest Ratio' awareness enhancement (*consciously engaging inhibitory pathways*) may greatly assist in providing the most healthfully integrative way of facilitating development of systems of self-initiated and self-managed body-mind awareness and preventative maintenance. [~Chris Pringer 9/1-8/17]

System Interfaces in Psycho-Physiology of Fascia Memory Chart by Chris Pringer 2'12,12'13- Thumb

         Further below is the Chart, System Interfaces in the Psycho-Physiology of the Fascia Memory Theory - A flow chart very briefly illustrating the interfaces of the Proprio-Neuro Fascia-Muscular, Motor Management Centers, Connective Tissue Cells, as well as the Adrenal System, Inner Child, & Related Aspects (Feb&June'12).

         Regarding the "Inner Child": pertaining to the "Re-Parenting" approach, born directly of Transactional Analysis and the Humanist, Gestalt approach of John Bradshaw's work. Such that an "Inner Child" is a personification of the emotional body elements related to a given set of bodily-stored memory(s). But which is/are also "compiled" in such a way that we can therapeutically interface effectively with that, through a variety of well established modalities of techniques. [REF]

          Chart 2 (thumb pic below) "Multiple Interfacing Proprioreceptor Systems in 'GPS' Systems Analogy" (including postural balance system) expands the discussion as well as the charting of the different proprioceptor sub-systems , including the Adrenal /Inner Child /"GPS" Fascial interface sub-system (Dec'13).

BdyMndProprioN'GPS'AnlgyCht-Thm by Chris Pringer

Proprioceptor field array D1c3 artistic rendering by Chris Pringer, Jan 2010 & 2011

Proprioceptor field array D1c2 artistic rendering by Chris Pringer, Jan 2010 & 2011

Artistic Renderings of "proprioceptor field arrays" in muscle cells - Chris Pringer Jan 2010 & 2011

Cerebellum As Related to Emotions
      [from article:] "There is growing evidence which suggests that the cerebellum is implicated in processes related to motivation and emotion and in the regulation of these processes. The evidence incorporates the notion of the tight link between motivation, emotion, and action as well as the rich connections of the cerebellum with the limbic system and cerebral cortex. In addition, functional neuroimaging studies have shown robust activation of the cerebellum during the processing of emotionally laden stimuli. ...Current models built upon the idea that the cerebellum may work as a monitoring system integrating different aspects of limbic and cortical information processing and provides feedback to these brain areas to direct behavior."
      [from book's Introduction:] "Even though the concept of cerebellum involvement in higher order functions was already posited in the 1950s (Snider and Maiti 1976), the cerebellum is generally not considered an essential node in the neural circuitries underlying cognition and emotion. Neocortical expansion and its interconnections with the limbic system during the last two million years are considered to form the rudimentary basis for the emergence of higher order functions in response to evolutionary pressure. However, recent endocranial analyses of fossil humans demonstrated that in the course of evolution expansion of neocortical volume was paralleled by quantitatively similar expansion of cerebellar volume (Weaver 2005).
      These findings can be interpreted as evidence to suggest that the assumed functional changes associated with neocortical expansion can in part be explained by the cerebellar expansion as well. It is theorized that the reciprocal expansion of these structures were closely correlated to the increasing social and cultural complexity (Weaver 2005). In modem man it has been estimated that while the cerebellum accounts only for 10% of total brain volume, it contains more than half of all neurons present in the human brain (Kandel et al. 2000), indicating that the cerebellum may play a more substantial role in human behavior than previously thought.
      Furthermore, the afferent and efferent connections of the cerebellum to the limbic system and cerebral cortex provide a neuroanatomical foundation for cerebellum contributions to motivation, emotion, and psychopathology (Schmahmann 2004). In support of this notion, neuropsychological studies have established the link between cerebellum and functions that extend beyond the motor domain (Schmahmann 1991; Schmahmann and Sherman 1998).
      Reference Work 2013; Handbook of the Cerebellum and Cerebellar Disorders; Editors: Mario Manto, Jeremy D. Schmahmann, Ferdinando Rossi, Donna L. Gruol, Noriyuki Koibuchi ISBN: 978-94-007-1332-1 (Print) 978-94-007-1333-8 (Online)

Figure4-MechanismsOfGating, reassembly by Chris Pringer

From "Mechanisms Gating the Flow of Information in the Cortex: What They Might Look Like and What Their Uses may be" (a very organized, chart loaded web page, illustrating the gating points in the various components of the brain, 2011) by Thomas Gisiger, et al

Briefly back to "the basics" of Body-Mind Relationships [June'12]

      Relating the above to how we, via the mind-body, respond to experience, store and release tension, repress and retrieve memory, and integrate related mental-emotional components of that, is the heart of the "Body-Mind Integration..." essay and the addendum essays (Since Spring'11) on it's page. How our beliefs may relate to all that is the subject of various other essays at this site, but I digress. More directly relating to the above fascia memory theory (depending on one's perspective and context), or perhaps better serving as a segue in between, is the essay (on that page), "Adrenaline vs Endorphins and What's That Got To Do With...", also related to the chart below.

      Related QUESTIONS FOR SCIENTISTS: How about the effects of adrenal [hormones & neurotransmitters, pathways & effects], upon the formation of and changes to COLLAGEN, as well as the balance of same with Endorphins? ... Effects on various properties related to various tension dynamics*, recovery from fatigue, neuroplasticity, characteristics of aging (both in cause and effect)? ...All as related to (effects upon) proprioceptor operation, and both cause and effect relations upon/by the Sensor Field Array(s). And then all that on the above essay's noted emotional tension storage & release, chronic holding & movement patterns, & any changes to that over time (or Inner Child Relationships)?   [Note: Keywords referring to, or related to, the phenomenon of body memory: somatic memory, tissue memory, muscle memory, somatic experience, somatic healing, somatic therapy, body-mind split, mind-body split]

"The Role of Scar Tissue AND it's Transition Process"
    -- as related to the Fascia Memory Theory

      Some notes and references to the critical role of scar tissue have been included primarily at the Tensing Yoga and Body-Mind Integration pages. Those cover many primary aspects relating scar tissue to preventative maintenance, chronic pain, self-healing, etc, and would thus serve as a good lead up to this writing. Among those, there have been a few strong references made to certain FM Theory-related implications, but included little detail upon the process of scar tissue until now, as far as certain questions anyway. Nor has there been emphasis (here) upon that or how these questions may be considered an extension of the FM Theory, at least in certain considerations, not to mention within, if you will, the theory's own modest level of 'bio-coded communications.'
      That is, for HOW or WHEN scar tissue is directed to slow or accelerate it's transition in the healing process. And so here, more questions are raised for science and, I hope, for innovation in the healing of connective tissue injuries and conditions, as well as greater understanding in how to prevent same.
      [The stronger references were made in the sections, "What's Different & Special About 'Tensing Yoga'?" (at the Tensing Yoga page) and "'Muscle Q & A' - An Overview of Mind-Body Interface & Function" (at the Body-Mind Integration page) respectively in June of 2017, following up on 2014 & 2011 notes. And on this page, there is one with regard to Fibromyalgia (1995, rev'd April 2011), in the below section, "Related Considerations," a much older one related to connective tissue therapies (1998), and a fairly recent note in the above reference by Paolo Tozzi [2012 ?], to the alteration of collagen structure following emotional trauma. All of which above can be found on their respective pages by using the search function with the word "scar", of course.]

A Metaphor:
      We could, if you will, visualize two trees flexing with the wind - one more so than other, because one is younger than the other. And with a very strong wind, we can imagine a branch fracturing on the younger tree, while on the older tree, a branch breaking totally off. We could look closer in this visualization, imagining a timeline process wherein the younger tree's branch engages a splinting process, akin to our scar tissue formation process. For the older tree, we can similarly imagine a timeline process, but beginning when the tree was younger, and at the same place where the limb was later broken off, watch the splinting process interrupted by some children playing with their little saws and hammers, building a platform, upon which they spent time for some months, leaving nails and other injuries there. And then much later, when the strong wind blows, seeing that branch - focusing just beyond that area of the limb where the splinting process was interrupted, leaving it overly stiff - now helplessly tearing loose.
      We could also include a third tree that experienced the fracture that the two above trees did when younger, and totally healed itself and then, when older, experience only a re-fracturing of the 1st injury, or perhaps an additional fracture just beyond the healed fracture, but without the loss of the limb. We could imagine a fourth tree whose splinting or scar process was interrupted chemically by man-made toxins, perhaps pesticide or fertilizer related (including it/their effects on the support system(s) of the tree, including microbial life forms, insects, and birds), and suffering the fate of the older tree with unhealed injuries.

      Thus we may assume not only that various factors play into the healing process of connective tissue, whether that be of trees or humans. but that the nature and success of that process depends a great deal upon how or whether the the scar tissue process develops and continues. We might assume that is more complex for humans, considering that it is part and parcel with those dynamics and factors related to the FM Theory. (IE: a) a suppression of memory from a traumatic injury event, b) an injury that is subsequent to a suppressed event, yet unconsciously associated with that event, but otherwise in full memory, and c) degree to which neuro-indocrine (particularly adrenal) levels are "managed" by cerebellar/limbic gating to manage certain degrees of tension patterning for circumstance a and b.)
      That is to say, perhaps taking the above a step further, that *healthfully processed/ing* scar tissue actually *transitions* strength & flexibility to muscles - during and/or after particular kinds of events and OVER TIME. And to what degree and depth this occurs relative to the degree science has (not) studied and verified it, we can just call it an addition (of yet more theory) to the FM Theory. smile Because, having looked into this (briefly, relative to other elements here), I have yet to find any study into that relationship, and particularly not with regard to suppression and reconsolidation of memory. [Please feel free to let me know if/when this needs updating (if I don't catch it first myself).]

Based on that metaphor of tree limb healing, more questions arise
          a)   How, when, and where, or even IF, the limb would fully break off; AND WHY then, under what amount of wind, etc?
          b)   Do these aspects and variables have a genetic relationship to human scar tissue formation and transition process with the tissues it is supporting over time?
          c)   How might/does the aforementioned relate to the Fascia Memory Theory (and chronic injury related stasis, degeneration, or progress of the healing process), per injuries -AND scar tissue- that do not heal properly over time eg: due to lack of circulation due to retained tension, holding & movement patterns, due to memories of trauma experience being suppressed, thus kept temporarily or permanently from being accessed, processed, integrated, etc?
          d)   Is there an ideally healthy, means of managing muscle, tendon, ligament, and joint healing, particularly where splinting is necessary to some degree for varying amounts of time, etc, and under what conditions, if ever, might there be a way to *temporarily* include metal for the splinting?
          e)   [This last question almost definitely (I assume at this point) broaches the theoretical and the futuristic:] How about a surgically inserted organic tissue or compound (and/or grown into or around the area to be supported, perhaps derived/grown from scar tissue) that provides a splinting function for the appropriate amount of time, which would actually dissolve or transform over a set period of time - and do so without a toxic effect, of course? I ask this (ALSO) because...

      Another not so metaphorical example of the healing, or at least treatment of, connective tissue injuries comes in the form of conventional or allopathic surgery. That includes the splinting of joints with metal (ie: for spine injuries or disease conditions). Please note: metal does not flex in synchronous mobility, let alone in expansion and contraction (of the metal itself) when/as does the tissues it is designed to support. Metal splinting thereby virtually imprisons those tissues as "they attempt" to flex, expand, and contract. [That's true so far as I've heard of yet, anyway (Dec'18).]
      EG: Such 'appliances' (if you will) are not yet designed to integrate [by this author's definition of that word] with either the surrounding or the interior tissues, let alone any would-be internal tissues - that is, in stark contrast to the capabilities of healthy scar tissue surrounding and integrating with the tissues they protect and support - certainly when given sufficient opportunity. Which opportunity, granted, may imply a degree of awareness and responsiveness on the part of the individual - that is not yet encouraged through education of the injured, let alone healthy, individuals in modern society.

      [AND again: I am not yet sure to what degree the idea of 'transitioning of splinting and scar tissue process' in trees, humans, other mammals, birds, etc is verified or only a theory. But I am certainly open to updates and feedback in this regard. Thank you, ~Chris Pringer, December 13, 2018]


Chart of System Interfaces in the Psycho-Physiology of the Fascia Memory Theory

    The chart at right is an attempt to effectively depict the essential fascia memory theory dynamics, plus a few more, including relationships between the muscles and tendons, the proprioceptors, the motor mgt centers, the adrenal glands (and other components of the endocrine system), the emotional body, and how we respond to experience. Most notably, it goes into more detail with regard to (as part of and in keeping with) the theory for how particular configurations are stored and updated, with codes or "Keys", "KeySets" (sets of keys), and the "formulas" that they reference in the Motor Mgt Centers.

    Hence, a certain amount of memory, or essential parts of memory -that has been stored due to an emotional component- is stored in the body, and it's resources for "reference" (usually unconscious) or retrieval (as it becomes more/fully conscious) is stored in the Motor Mgt Centers of the brain (per this theory).

    PLEASE NOTE: with regard to certain of the terms used, relative to those in the Fascia Memory Theory:

¤ "Bio-E State" or "Bio-Energetic State" is equivalent to the "Sensor Field Array Configuration" (SAC)

¤ "Bio-Energetic State & Signature" is equivalent to the "SA Configuration Signature" (SAC Signature)

¤ "Formulas" are made up of "keysets" (combinations of "Keys") in such a way to facilitate each "Sensor Field Array Configuration" (SAC). SFAC's, representing changes in the fascia, thence (per the theory) have specifically correlating reference data stored in the Motor Mgt Centers (or directly related area) of the brain.

¤ "Motor Management Centers" refers to the motor cortex, somatic sensory cortex, cerebellum and brain stem, and areas of the limbic system that manage emotions associated with fascia memory storage and related adrenal response mechanisms. Related Note in an above section
This flow chart very briefly illustrating the interfaces of the Proprio-Neuro Fascia-Muscular, Motor Management Centers, Connective Tissue Cells, as well as the Adrenal System, Inner Child, & Related Aspects     [(2/19/12, 6/14/12, 8/26/17)]

The Motor Management Centers as specifically related are briefly discussed in an above section. And, as needed, opening another browser tab and reading the "Body-Mind Integration..." essay may also help greatly in fully grasping all the key parts and dynamics involved (relative to the proprioreceptor - emotional body - body memory interface)

Regarding the "Inner Child": pertaining to the "Re-Parenting" approach, born directly of Transactional Analysis and the Humanist, Gestalt approach of John Bradshaw's work. Such that an "Inner Child" is a personification of the emotional body elements related to a given set of bodily-stored memory(s). But which is/are also "compiled" in such a way that we can therapeutically interface effectively with that, through a variety of well established modalities of techniques. [REF]

A flow chart briefly illustrating the psycho-physiology of the Fascia Memory Theory
Multiple Interfacing Proprioreceptor Systems
in "GPS" Systems Analogy
Includes Postural Balance System

Its like a global "GPS" System (albeit far more complex in its actual locating & recalibration capability). This is not to contest established sensorymotor neurophysiology, but to metaphor and add in elements of the fascia memory theory, including the "inner-child" and related adrenal-fascial interface.

Micro-second scenarios are scripted for each sub-system in accomplishing tasks. Names of "GPS" sub-systems (highlighted below) are made up for the analogy, and a little personality has been projected in to play out the back-n'-forth conversation to represent feedback loop signals between 2 proprioreceptors (sensorymotor systems). Into those has been rendered different temperaments: from executive managerial to emotional reactive.

Postural Balance / "GPS 1", (Global): Highest level of Proprioreceptor Interface: "Thank you for your continuous reporting, 1L's. Thank you sensory systems. Executing calibration procedure 8822 per 77A..."

Legend4BdyMndProprioN'GPS'AnlgyCht -Chris Pringer 2013

Note: Diagrams here are for roughly representing functional relationships; muscle cells or fibers are actually very long and thin, with proprioreceptors in or around layers of fascia, including those not inside the muscle cell bodies themselves.
"Muscle Group System GPS 2" (Local to Global): Local Tension/Position to Global Posture Calibration, coordinating different muscle groups in different parts of the body with very different specialized functions (ie: between arms and legs): "Teams 3322 checking in.." "Check" "Teams 4411 transitioning..." "Check. Ready coordination procedure 77A...

"Muscle Group System GPS 2B" (Local to Global): same as GPS 2 sets except for the coordination is between mirrored muscle groups and tandem movements (ie: between individual muscles of left and right arms, or between those of left and right erector spinae muscles of the back).

"Muscle Cell GPS 3": Local Tension Calibration/Position-Coordination System - among fibers/cells in the same muscle or muscle group: "are we where we're supposed to be for the current...?" "No, we need to adjust this way this much for now, tension level 'Easy 4a'." "Ok, got it." "Ok, cool sailin', catch you on the next..."
TopRt4BdyMndProprioN'GPS'AnlgyCht -Chris Pringer 2013

MtrCortxProprioFdBkLp4BdyMndProprioN'GPS'AnlgyCht -Chris Pringer 2013

Adrenal / Inner Child / "GPS" Interface
This system functions like "GPS 3", except for its major role in fascia memory dynamics, as a bridge between "GPS 2,3" and the Sensor Field Arrays. It is an intermediary between the working "original", the survived past, and the current (dysfunctional but coping) states of neuro-muscular function.

"Muscle Cell GPS 3Aux": Local Fascia Memory Storage Modification: (of Re-calibration/coordination per patterning and related situational parameters, per un-processed situation memory-related input, including over-bearing tendency to project past onto the present, etc. Also hyper-receptive to adrenal stimulus: "Special Forces Alert: Warning, Warning, It's happening again! Go to pattern '3' [coping mechanism "level 3"] - Go here and hold at least 'x' amount of tension, no matter what GPS 2 says." "But nothing's going on." "Maybe not if we do pattern '3'." "We're going to gunk things up for awhile, again." "Trust me, its safer this way, Warning, Warning..." "Ok, Ok, we're there."

AdrenalICSet4BdyMndProprioN'GPS'AnlgyCht -Chris Pringer 2013
CellSets4BdyMndProprioN'GPS'AnlgyCht -Chris Pringer 2013

* "Special Forces Alert" (for this analogy) refers to an adrenal-accentuated response related to a set of muscle tension range and movement patterns, having been established early in life as part of a coping mechanism. This being different from patterned responses which are less, or not at all, "adrenalized," and whose patterns are more related to depression, lets say. All as apart from those cells not patterned at all (not being associated with an 'Inner Child', unprocessed memories, or keyed with fascia memory).
***Chart of System Interfaces in the Psycho-Physiology of the Fascia Memory Theory*** Aug'17: BioE-State (SFAC) Formula(s) stored in Moter Management Centers - Each is associated with a Key for Bio-Energetic State & Signature KeySet(s), per Fascia Memory Theory. Different Keys of a formula may relate to different aspects of a configuration; a given Key may apply to multiple Bio-E States. But each Bio-E State Signature (KeySet) is unique, set up more like DNA, yet less permanent, ready to adapt to new states, adding Keys but retaining BioE state Sig.s' memories via stored formulas. || Sensory Field Array Configuration -Bio-Energetic State & Signature KeySet for this PNFM Complex (associated with Formula(s) stored in Moter Management Ceniers. || Proprioreceptors -Comparing and Contrasting states of Tension, ETC -Using Feedback Loops between Muscle Cells & Proprioreceptors (as well as among Proprioreceptors). || Brain to Proprio-Neuro-Fascia-Muscular Complex Feedback Loop |:| Nerve Tracts for Proprioception (ie: From Dorsal Root of spinal nerves to the spine, then via the Dorsal and Ventral Spinocerebellar & Anterior Spinothalamic tracts, the Dorsal Column, incl. the Medial Lemniscal Pathway, Fasciculus. || Moter Management Centers (including the Somatic Sensory Cortex), via Brain Stem. Cerebellum, & related components of Limbic System, particularly the Thalamus, certain of which (cerebellum?) with the capacity to create New Formulas for Managing the storage. Organization of Keys, Formulas. & data for properties of individual muscle & musde groups, for proprioreception. coordination. & overall balance, etc. || The Adrenal Glands response to events that are perceived by ‘Emotional Body* as threatening. These glands command muscle cells to 'armor up', prepare for fight or flight. The tension is released per decreased degree of anxiety. As related to long-term fascia memory storage & release dynamics: Depending on nature & degree of any trauma, memory is suppressed relative to the creation of an ‘Inner Child* (1C) persona(s) as means of coping & eventual healing (See Below). Tension may be held or increased over time depending on many factors. || Adult Mental-Emotional Complex Includes Adrenal dynamics. Limbic System, and component interfaces with musculature. || Inner Child (IC): A complex of mechanisms created (usually when very (young) for coping with certain kinds of experience that the individual was not then capable of - EG: without incurring more pain than s/he could handle at the time. Adult Mental-Emotional Complex interfaces with habitually held tension in muscles - via its Inner Child interface - to facilitate renewed circulation (incl. of "awareness), “updating" cells, letting go, & healing.

Reminder: basics for proprioreceptor and body-memory are covered at the main "Body-Mind Integration..." essay, and with particular applications at "Pattern Triad" and "Tensing Yoga" pages.

"Core Body-Mind Integration Concepts in Context Chart"
(Links to Full Size) at the Organization Chart page
This chart compacts the key points into a relatively small visual space, and provides a summary of them and their implications relative to body-mind preventative maintenance, pain management, emotional integration process, other aspects, and their relationships.

"The science behind the body-mind relationships"
Notes and references have been included at the "Body-Mind Integration..." page (in the reference section). At this page is a growing number of addendum essays for clarifying many related topics for *common sense* preventative maintenance application, as well as further completing the context and clarifying the dynamics and processes involved.
Chart of Core Body-Mind Integration Concepts in Context, Thumbnail Oct'11
***Core Body-Mind Integration Concepts in Context 3rd Web Draft [10'12]***:: || Body-Mind Integration Concept / Reference Bridging Chart Summary of Connecting Points & Implications in Relation to: • Body-Mind Awareness based Preventative Maintenance, Pain Mgt & Other Aspects • Yoga Practice, Basic. Enhanced • Body-Mind Integration Elements • Genetics-Self Adjusting • Fascia Memory / Project Elements || Body-Mind Integration in the Persona1 Growth Process: Originally published July-Aug 1992 by the author in Massage Magazine. Addendum essays added May-June 2011 with the goal of clarifying these topics, preventative maintenance application, as well as further completing the context and clarifying the dynamics... || • "MuscleQ&A" Summary Intro to "BMI" Concepts • The Basic How’s, Why's, & Implications Of Storage & Release of Emotion or Tension in the bodily tissues: the Psycho-Physiology Of Stress. "Body-Memory". Healing Integration, relationships to • Proprioceptor & Adrenal Systems, Motor Cortex. Emotional Body. Body Awareness & Communications, EQ (Emotional Intelligence) • The science behind the body-mind relationships and related ... || “Tensing Yoga” Exercises for Self-Healing & Preventative Maintenance: • Yoga, Focus & Breathing for "Quality Time" with the kids (cells), Tension Range (Work/Rest Ratio, Switch Rate, Texture), Controlled Motor Response • Capacity to "isolate" muscles (for individuated focus), "tweaking" Proprioceptor systems, related balance, dis-engaging muscle holding & movement patterns • Long terms results, management of chronic pain, injury prevention • Optimizing results via rapport with musdes / other cells & "Body-Parenting" • Body-mind awareness, attitude, sensory focus (feeling "what's there") vs mental imagery, ‘Presence* for tearmork &edgework, vs force & top-down approach • "Low-Intensity Low-Back Exercises": http://www.chalicebridge.Com/LowBackExercises.html || Understanding the Pattern Triad and the Body Pattern Assessment Reading: Mind-Body Relationships & *coping mechanisms, *challenges, & *gifts on one's Life Path, how the body has habitually responded to experience is evidenced by body holding & movement patterns. The "body-mind" term refers to the complex of mental, emotional, & physical bodies. | Describes "body-memory," body-mine correlations, "body-reading," & related basis, uses, & purposes for this knowledge. || FASCIA-MEMORY PROJECT: Integrated Preventative Health Maintenance Systems R&D GOALS & OBJECTIVES of the Fascia-Memory Myo-Scanner R&D Project: 1) Integrated Systems Development of Methodology and Hardware' for Advanced Medical -Fascia Memory Correlative-Diagnostics 2| Development of Advanced Therapies & Rehabilitation Applications Systems 3) Public Education in Body-Mind Awareness based Preventative Health Maintenance in all grades of public school. • Hardware: Scanning Devices to Assess Bio-History of Connective Tissue. To Research: pain referral phenomena, subjective somatic awareness capabilities and relation to PNI. preventative maintenance strategies, techniques, and devices. Spinal Fluid flow/rhythm, brain tissue expansion and compression, and related cranial movement dynamics, related Bio-History and Pathologies; CNS-associated memory recall as related to somatic memory recall; potential of subsequently developed public-use myo-scanner devices (and computer hardware & software) to assist in Myo-Scanninq for both home and institutional uses... || WHY PAIN? Notes on Pain. Awareness & Denial, Aspects in Developing a Practical Approach with Compassion: * Intro & Notes on Pain, Reduction, Elimination, Desensitization A List Of Factors In The Perception Of Pain * Perception & Referral Of Pain Optimal Injury Experience Stress & Energy Related Pains Internal Separation And Healing "Should A Massage Be Painful? & "Touch-Sensitivity" of Muscles * Deep Massage/Bodywork Delayed Healing Repression, Denial. & Tension From Gestalt Perspective * Heart's Desire, Ideals, & Accomplishment (& Healing the Pain) || "Heirarchy Of Genetic Option Slots:" * Theory that some “slots" get filled in with emphesis or relative permanence by or due to beliefs (global/cultural/personal) as well as experience, related emotions. Relates to our individual potential to create and/or return to states of optimal cellular efficiency. || “Muscle Madness” Game Show Muscle-Capacity Stats*: • Tension Range: (Length & Depth) • Best Hi / Low • Work/Rest Ratio • Switch Rate • Switch Rate • M. T exture • M. Isolation (individual focus) • M Coordination, Efficiency, CMR •M. Strength * Muscle fiber (cells & muscle groups) functions monitored, measured, graphed by scanning devices developed by Fascia Memory Project || Primary Implications [of This Chart]: • Accomplish Fascia Memory Project Goals. • Development of latent talent in hi-performance capacity body awareness for healing and/or preventing chronic pain, related injuries, or performance loss, including ability to tweak muscle / local* proprioceptor systems, to adjust many (more) of ones genetic factors That is, most all of the above primarily via natural self-application, at most any age.
Somatosensory Trigeminal Lemniscus-Labled, crpd
  Somatosensory Spinothalamic Tract -Labled, crpd
Somatosensory Trigeminal Lemniscus Pathways (upper pic) and Somatosensory Spinothalamic Tract (middle pic) to Thalamus [through brainstem and cerebellum though
not shown in upper two pics], Cranial Nerves at brainstem and Thalamus (3rd from top, left, with pons & floor of 4th ventricle) With gratitude to the Digital Anatomist Project
of the University of Washington. To right of that is a view of the Somato-Sensory Pathways from the spinal cord on up to the Thalamus, and at bottom left are two
thalamus-centered views (in one pic) of the limbic system, both of these thanks to Prof. Raj Kalaria (with a fair amount of editing by Chris Pringer). All added September 2017
Cranial Nerves at brainstem (with pons & floor of 4th ventricle) and Thalamus -Labled, Adj,Rszd,crpd
SubstnatiaNegra,RedNucleus,EtAll [Adapted From 'Functional Neuroanatomy' &Others]
Major Somato-sensory Pathways [Adapted From 'Functional Neuroanatomy' &Others]
thalamus, corticopontine fibers, cerebraI aqueduct central gray substance, superior cerebellar peduncle, sensory nucleus of trigeminal nerue, principal sensory nucleus of trigeminal nerue, middle cerebellar peduncle, geminal nucleus to medial lemniscus, middle cerebellar peduncle, corticospinal tract, inferior oliuary nuclear complex, inferior oliuary nuclear complex, fibers crossing main sensory trigeminal nucleus to medial lemniscus, pyramids, internal arcuate arm fibers: arm component to medial lemniscus, face component of medial lemniscus, leg component of medial lemniscus, internal arcuate arm fibers, internal arcuate leg fibers: cuneate nucleus to medial lemniscus, cuneate nucleus cuneate nucleus to medial lemniscus, gracile nucleus to medial lemniscus, ventral posterior nucleus, central aqueduct, substantia nigra, corticopontine tract, neuroanatomy, cunio-cerebellar tract, fasciculus cuneatus, gracilis, nociceptor, mechanoreceptor, thermoreceptor, lemniscal, medulla oblongata, substnatia negra, red nucleus, caudate, putaman, striatum, globus palidus, subthalamic, graniculate, colliculus, abducens, cerebral cortex, septal nuclei, hypothalamus, infundibulum, olfactory bulb, prefrontal, parahippocampal, hemisphere, flocculus, cingulate gyrus, fimbria, geniculate, formation, amygdala, pons, ventricle


Related Considerations [Fall, 1995]

         How about " Fascianomics " - term denoting the efficiency of the neuro-fascial interface to conduct symmetric bio-magnetic resonance in alignment with, and facilitation of, the maximum-potential of effortless whole systems function.

         I believe there may be other ways that the brain-mind stores and accesses memory [including per "Long-Term Memory Networks in the Brain" in Reference section, Aug'16], but that the *fascia-memory system* works for the "emotionally charged" and/or suppressed experiences for which the person consciously and/or unconsciously feels there needs to be further processing. This further processing then takes place if/when a more appropriate time and circumstance presents itself, and as the priorities and readiness allow for that particular and/or related psycho-emotional development.

         With this in mind would it be feasible to consider Fibromyalgia as an over-stimulated sensory field receptor system in the connective tissue matrix interface? This over-stimulation would be due to system being "on alert;", due to original unconscious decision to alert warning system, should recurrence/continuation of an original stimulation (usually from infancy or early in childhood) be suspected. Thus its characteristics relating it to (an) "Auto-Immune" disorder. [Apr'11:]  How about a relationship to a perfuse scattering of waste products throughout the fine interstitial spaces among the cells of muscle tissues due to their being chronically held *contracted* and under-circulated, including trauma induced, or long-term-habituated, neuro-emotional contractedness over a broad-area (including by being forcibly tickled in early childhood)? And a broad scattering of fine pin-pricks of pain? See next section below for more about that.

Follow-up note on
Fibromyalgia - Theory with Examples   (April 28, 2011, rev'd April 30):

          She's had fibromyalgia symptoms for years, but rarely tells anyone, because she says no one really knows how to deal with it effectively. Or too often, to even listen to her story effectively. She responded positively to my question, "were you ever force-tickled - to the point of pain - as a child or infant?" Although I'd worked with her for a decade or more, she only let this out in the last year or so. The 2nd client to tell me this - told me years ago (late 90's?). And that was some years after the first client who told me about her early childhood experience of being forced to endure tickling far past the point of begging for the older relative to stop.
          With the first client, I had been working on her right latissimus dorsi muscles about T12 (off to the right side of her mid-back area), doing fairly light but steady pulling strokes 'in grain' with the intercostals (in-between the ribs), and as I came closer to her underarm area (but not yet that close to the common tickle area), she complained of extreme discomfort and pain. Although her actual physical reaction, including a slight vocalization, reminded me of someone being tickled.

          Hence my question about her being forcibly tickled, her answer, and my half-amazed response (to the first client). She had actually come in due to an auto accident, but also complained of fibromyalgia, and I didn't know then (in the late 1980's) that light strokes were not generally advised for that condition. I was half-amazed because, over a number of sessions I had strongly sensed a kind of contractedness to her nature as well as in her physiology, other complaints, diet, communications, as well as tissue response. (Sensed them due to my tendency notice things, including potential correlations, ask questions for verification, etc). And/Yet she was actively fighting - on so many levels - this tendency to "contract" or hold herself back.
          None of these gals had ever connected the forced-tickling event to their fibromyalgia, of course, and only the third client, who is also a student of the healing arts, saw the potential connection after I proffered it to them. The key here, as far as the theory goes, is NOT "forced-tickling", but "forced contraction", as there may be many other kinds of experiences that causes the child to experience trauma due to confusion about the cause of pain.
[ In the following examples of emotional experience for such a trauma-victim, please interpret "her/she" as "his/her" or "s/he". And the verbal tense can vary for some of the emotions, as can the time element with confusion, as to what feelings are felt when, and as caused by whom or what. Subsequent events of many/various types may bring on the onset of fibromyalgia, but continuing with more about how and why the association with the initial causative event may be suppressed:]

The emotional confusion is usually due to being accused of wrong-doing due to her response, during and after the event by someone she trusted, perhaps by someone who has been a guardian in most other circumstances in life. Which would add up to make her feel guilt and shame about her own response, along with other feelings that were far too complex and contradictory to her young mind. She has to tighten up her musculature to defend herself, in essence to defend her right to continue to feel loved - by those she depends on for love. Even now, in circumstances she unconsciously associates as then, she continues to laugh although she is feeling pain and wants/needs to cry, wants someone to understand, and yet she holds onto the tension, because there has been no "all's ok" message - not given afterwards, let alone immediately as related to the event, let alone by those who she then had every right to expect to be there for her.

          The pleating in the tissues have now been formed, along with the locked up quagmire of emotions of grief and shame and desire to be able to experience pleasure, even love - from tickling - like everyone else around her has, etc. But now she has to fear it, mostly unconsciously, since all that hasn't been figured out - it's locked away, remember. Revealing that fear to herself, not to mention to others, might lead, maybe already has led to, great embarrassment from a plethora of unexplainable feelings, perhaps even to strong reactions at someone else. And all this is/has been for years to come psycho-emotionally associated with pain that can be re-stimulated by a relatively light touch in certain areas of her body, or even awakening from sleep, not to mention with looks of incredulity from various professionals, whose job it is to care for people in pain.

          On the good side of things, the third client (who actually has not gone into detail about related experience that occurred either early on or since) did experience some relief in session, and some emotional release - partly due to feeling understood for her confusion and frustration, as well for understanding a little more about her feelings in that moment. We discussed visualizations for stripping out the fine chicken-wire-mesh-like web that has caged parts of her being for so long. We discussed supplements for increasing fine-capillary circulation and clearing out waste products from the interstitial spaces (between cells) and eradicate free radicals. And the benefits of Vitamin C as well as concentrated "green" foods with all their enzymes and assistant co-factors and other micro-nutrients. Those that are otherwise extremely rarely found in other foods nowadays, yet found increasingly essential as more research time is spent on them, and so on.

          I had also mentioned bromelain to the more recent client as one (easily available) proteolytic enzyme for removing related scar tissue, but I wasn't sure in my memory at the time that scar tissue was related to fibromyalgia. Since then I've verified that many who are researching fibromyalgia do relate the two - and reminds me of the adhesions between layers of fascia, particularly where there are overlapping muscle groups. This is where one muscle (or muscle group) is structured to tense their fibers in different vectors or directions from the adjacent muscle (group). And if they are adhesed, stuck together, while attempting to do this, it would be natural for there to be pain experience - the pain receptors (nociceptors) in those areas are going to activate. In this case, as a broad scattering of fine pin-pricks of pain, especially after having been inactive for a period of time? There are many such layerings in the upper torso area especially.
          What also might be helpful - for some who believe in the power of visualization and affirmation (this form of prayer, that is, as well as others) - are the resources at the Prayer & Healing page (the still-growing number of them as I add this note, 4/30/11).

So, Could there not be a relationship...

          between Fibromyalgia and a perfuse scattering of waste products throughout the muscle tissues that are chronically held contracted and under-circulated? Put more in professional speak: trauma induced contractedness over a broad-area, ie: in multiple muscle groups of the torso (upper body). And a broad scattering of fine pin-pricks of pain. Well, obviously I think there's a relationship. And the Fascia Memory Project would either confirm or dispell the theory. Along with so many other theories from so many other thinking health professionals. Given such research, there would be far fewer instances of doubt about a patient's pain - by those we (want to be able to) expect compassionate care from. Which says something about our health care system. Or, have we professionals too often learned not to feel, let alone theorize, and/or not to communicate about these internal dynamics which are so critical to the health of individuals and of society as a whole?

          Please let me know to what degree you have found this applicable to your own experience, and/or (especially for researchers) to what degree you find this theory, or parts of it, applies. Please feel free to post at Fibromyalgia forums, so long as you also include this last paragraph with my name and contact information - I'd like to know if this helps! Thank you!   - Chris Pringer, (christopher@chalicebridge.com)

          These notes and pages on "Body-memory", "fascia-memory", or related theories should not be interpreted to suggest that memory suppression has any direct relationship with moral, ethical, or "spiritual" capacity, or "character flaws", as the above noted fibromyalgia case should more than illustrate! I do not believe there need be any such relationship, certainly not direct. I DO believe there may be a relationship -- more or less direct -- between memory suppression (which every human does some of) and personal challenges, coping mechanisms, each person's personality (formed by unique perceptual filtration and selectivity during experience generally in early childhood), tendencies, talents, and gifts, and even life direction (which every human has). That is elaborated in depth at the Body-Mind Integration..." page, including with regard to the adrenal response in relationship to trauma, long-term conditioning, related muscle tissue holding patterns, "body-memory," and to how those relationships are healed. Also related: "The Body Pattern Assessment/Reading and Understanding the Pattern Triad."

          I believe that suppressed memory does not *determine* these aspects, at least not necessarily, but much about these aspects can be gleaned/read from an understanding of the correlations between the characteristics of fascia (connective tissue) and the nature of memory suppression. I have found this to be a consistent and reliable indicator for kinesthetically obtaining information (via touch/massage therapies) from the soft tissue, and using it to assist in other's therapy and healing -- as verified by those people I have worked with, after assessing their systems with the systems described via above noted reference.

          "The Science Behind The Body-Mind Relationships" notes and references have been included in the reference section at the "Body-Mind Integration..." page. The "Core Body-Mind Integration Concepts in Context Chart" (at the Organization Chart page) compacts the key points into a relatively small visual space, and provides a summary of them and their implications, relative to body-mind preventative maintenance, pain management, other aspects.


Rupert Sheldrake
Inter AND intra-active memory fields

Note: The following, included in the original publication of the theory, Fall'96, is probably the 1st web-published allusion to a project for research with devices for finding actual relationships between fascia and body memory. Which proposal is now fully elaborated and organized at here [~bcp, 11'08 (about this Fall'95 note)]

         At one time Rupert Sheldrake stated that there needed to be some way to confirm the existence and role(s) of morphic fields. I am wondering if research in the directions indicated above might be a useful and relatively easy way to research morphic field theory. The fascial system is small enough and workable enough, that with some medical scanning equipment and bio-electric field measuring devices that are already developed, a good computer man to integrate the assessments, a good visionary and a few left brainers to keep things heading in the right directions... ... well, Sheldrake could have his micro-cosmic example of inter AND intra-active (via adjacent, multi-level contained, and/or overlapping) memory fields. And the emotional aspect of the memory wouldn't have to be established before this is proven, I think -- the neurosynaptic data (or neuro-emotional data), when compared in block groups over time and experience (eg: on/in a living biological organism's system) with such equipment as described above, would give a relatively quick idea of where to go with the study from there.

         Later on, with cross checking of experiential data of the person's tested, the emotional content could begin to be established and correlated. It seems to me that with all the intuitives around to give hints as to where to direct the eyes of the research, the basis for the correlations could be relatively quickly revealed. Then the more left-brain (as compared to right and whole brain) derived avenues of research could be checked for verification.

         I admit, I may have no [truly technical] idea of what I'm talking about [EG: enough of those theories which are "scientifically verified"], but on the other hand, I've been pretty close to right-on with this kind of thinking before, especially in intuiting out the more technical aspects (and relevant "topography") of applied bodywork [and verifying that with clients]. And I don't think that this research (as described above) would *create* a new working mechanism in the fascial energy fields [just to stretch a note on some of the theories extending from Rupert Sheldrake's and related theories on energy fields], considering the amount of thought and emotion that has already established relatively consistent relationships at those levels of biology.

[More on Morphic Field Theory in Related References section]

--© Fall '95, Christopher Pringer




The Ventricles and the Limbic System - Co-Envelopment for a Reason?

         In reference to "Excerpts from 'Neuroscience and Psychotherapy" (excerpts of which are in the Related References section below), I had suggested (In the "Prep Notes" section above) that the thalamus might be looked at for the *mediation function* ...in coordination with the FMTheory components, as it is extensively connected to and surrounded by the limbic system...
         Given that, and in consideration of the ventricles, which centrally penetrate as well as 'co-envelope' the limbic system, and given that the lateral walls of the third ventricle are formed by the medial thalamus and hypothalamus, and it's roof is formed by the corpus collosum [the "supra-communicative bridge," if you will, of the left and right brain]...
         ...I would like to request, but only if the reader would be so adventurous, to ALSO consider these *ventricles*, as may be important in neuroscience and psychotherapy. Because a) they conduct the central spinal fluid (CSF) that circuits through the energetic vortices of the hormone glands. And from there to consider that, as the more esoteric among us would agree, the CSF might thereby collect information from these chakra systems. And as the CSF is channelled by and through the ventricles that information contributes to the overall resonance of that from which we derive, interpret, and establish our psycho-emotional place in the world.
         I have no expectations of this later system's existence, let alone involvement, being *proven* by western science - at least until after the achievement of the research goals of the Fascia Memory Project. Which might be, let's say, 2027? Which should have by then motivated some very intense study of the limbic system, and thus managed some curiosity about the ventricles along the way... So, five to ten more years? 2035? [You may find a more thorough neurologically functional and anatomically described version of the above at "Scientific Research On the Limbic System - Co-Enveloping the Ventricles" at the "Recovering the...Intuition" page. [ For best context, keep reading here, go there later and/or open in another tab(s). ~cp, Sept'17]
'Ventricles In Cranium' by Digital Anatomist Project, University of Washington Assembly; Rendering by Chris Pringer 2016
'Ventricles Over Chalice Garden & CrossChalice' Anatomical Structures by Digital Anatomist Project, University of Washington Assembly; Rendering by Chris Pringer 2016




A Cosmology of the Body-Mind-Spirit Self
    and Related Tenants in hierarchy of cause and effect, considered as underlying the Work

     1)  the muscles move the bones (in spite of what a few old school chiropractors seem to imply sometimes), the fascia provides the 'relationship-interconnecting web-matrix', as well as the glide-flow surfaces for all muscles, as well as every organ in the body.
     2)  the feelings move the muscles, that is, the feelings and (unconscious) stored emotion-data (all of which comprising 'the emotional-body') determine the setting and changing of the state of muscle tension, which determine the "automatic"/ habitual holding and/or movement patterns in the muscles and fascia. EG: If your muscles are working (tense) when they are not actually working (doing something you want them to do), then it is the emotional body that is directing the holding of that extra tension.
     3)  thoughts move the feelings, that is, they create/govern the feelings, both of which (thoughts and feelings) have the power to create beliefs -- which is to say that the mental perspective determines the feelings and emotions. Beliefs are thoughts made more permanent (consciously or unconsciously) by attached emotional charges. EG: If the mind perceives a need to fear and armor up, the muscles respond (aided or totally controlled by the adrenal response). But until the (adrenal oriented) "all clear" signal is given or fully received, the emotion is held in the muscles until released, and until then a belief is formed, usually unconsciously, about similarly perceived experiences.
     4)  the soul moves all the above-- more or less under auspicious of God/Higher Power (depending on one's view of cosmology and it's functional implications for some plan...) that determines "the setup" (parentage and birth situation, etc) which initiates the individual's perception of self, of others, of one's environment, and experience of relationships - including, of course, how the body-mind responds to experience... (return to tenant 1) smile
      NOTE: Please read the above in context with the below notes, which hopefully assist and deepen one's understanding.

Another way of saying that:
      The BONES (the skeleton, posture and movement, alignment and mis-alignment) are moved or held by MUSCLES, muscles are moved or held by ATTITUDES and their related mental-emotional reaction patterns. These are governed overall by BELIEFS, which are THOUGHTS invested with EMOTION(S). Beliefs are the result of personal experience -- physically manifested and/or imagined and/or as taught. The intensity of the experience, imagination, and/or teaching determines the power of the belief, and therefore the degree of momentum invested in any related POSTURAL and/or MOVEMENT PATTERN manifested in the body. (These invested patterns are primary to what is sometimes referred to as "BODY-MEMORY".)


      Spirit - [Depending on one's view of cosmology and it's functional implications for some plan. In any case, whatever it is that provides:] The interconnecting as well as dynamic current for the flow of driving forces (thought, emotion, and Spirit) that create change and transformation in mind and body.

      Mind - The Mental "Vehicle", is the interactive consciousness that manages our perceptions and responses and defines our choices. The brain is one tool of the mind.

      Emotion - The Emotional-Body is seat of desire as per "Emotion & Motivation on the Path and in Healing," as complements the physical and mental bodies.

      Belief - "the bridge between the mental and emotional bodies" - is here defined as a thought attached to one's consciousness with/by emotion (or the other way around, depending on which initiated the bond for a given belief). Related: "Beliefs, Desires, Needs, and ... Alignment"

      Body - The Physical "Vehicle" is a reality not that separate from the mind, but a functional extension of unconscious as well as of conscious thought, emotion, and belief.

      Elaboration on these concepts can be accessed via this link: "Victims, Compassion, & Responsibility -- Notes on The Emotional-Body, Denial of Pain, & 'Easy Answers' (Not)"

      Holographic Interconnectedness: Each part reflects the whole; what happens on one level of a system affects all other levels - "As Above, So Below". Given this, our inner subjective realities tell us everything we are here to learn in a given life. And since our minds and emotions express through our bodies, then to the degree we interpret the body's language (including the emotions expressed through them as well as through thought and word), we can then "read" our paths and purposes. But that is quite the tall order - and rarely is a person so adept, of course.

      From a spiritual perspective, although the body vibrates at a lower frequency than does the mind, it communicates the Soul's energy all the same. And it is always telling us, point-blank, what we don't otherwise perceive. We could say that the Higher Self let the personality off the hook for the time being, by postponing the process until the personality/ego is sufficiently developed to satisfactorily complete and learn from the experience. As for the processes that we complete, we can remember them, or the lessons derived from them, solely via the mental body. Thoughts only become attached to the personality -- as beliefs -- for the sake of providing a psychological structure to learn in and/or from. And structure is important in a personality's learning process. Emotional charge (i.e.: as related to an issue) is the binding agent for attaching a thought. Otherwise the thought (i.e.: a perception and related data) is left to flow more or less freely through the mental body, or can be re-organized as desired.

Star's Fire (Limbic) ReIntegration, Artistic Rendering of a Media Player
Star's Fire (Limbic) ReIntegration, Artistic Rendering of a Media Player "assisted Visualisation" by Chris Pringer, 2017


Related References
Extensive in number, and including     ChBullet   Reference Publications [just below] and...      ChBullet   Preliminary research in somatosensory-thalamic relationships [on-going]
       ChBullet   More Recent Related Scientific Research      ChBullet   Seminal/Key Research in Body Memory      ChBullet   Research in Fascia, Water & Fascia, AND...

  Reference Publications

ChBullet        Ron Kurtz, Daniel Siegel, John Briere, and by Mary Morgan On Memory
Excerpts from "Neuroscience and Psychotherapy" by Marilyn Morgan, SRN, B.A., MNZAP
Marilyn Morgan is a master teacher and Certified Hakomi Trainer who has a special interest in the new and exciting developments in interpersonal neurobiology. In this article she introduces a number of currently relevant advances in neuroscience (2006)
         "Many people who have had traumatic childhoods have problems with memory. They sometimes can’t consciously remember most of childhood, yet unwanted feelings and images from childhood experiences may intrude. It is not uncommon to forget a lot of details in daily life as an adult; appointments, where one has put car keys, phone numbers and so on.
         "Ron Kurtz, founder of Hakomi, (Kurtz, 1990), described the child as `the mapmaker’. Neuroscience emphasizes that the connections formed within the brain are experiencedependent. A person is born with approximately 100 billion neurons. If these nerve cells were placed end-to-end they would stretch two million miles. There are many nerve connections already in place at birth, the being brain was hard-wired to seek connection with caregivers, and basic bodily functions proceed. However, the major growth of neurons and the wiring of neuronal circuits are yet to take place depending on experiences to come. Eventually each nerve cell is likely to have 10,000 connections.
         "Daniel Siegel [MD, referenced below as well as quoted at the "Body-Mind Integration" page in section, "Notes & Refs on Neuroplasticity / Cellular Re-Organization] describes the brain as an anticipatory machine. The infant’s, and child’s, interactions with her world are imprinted in her brain circuitry. She is `wired up’ for a particular world. Her brain is coded with all kinds of memory, and most of the early memory will be unconscious. However, this memory will deeply affect later emotions, behaviour patterns, beliefs, and abilities to process information. In Hakomi we call this core material, and the shaping of character styles. Other models describe ‘deep cognitive structures’, ‘schemata’, ‘unfinished business’, or sometimes ‘the inner child’. [1999]
         "When the parent to whom the child goes for comfort and mirroring is also a source of fear this creates massive neural disorganization. Trauma and abuse in the young child has a serious impact on brain structure and function. Those parts of the brain undergoing critical growth at the time of the trauma will be particularly affected. This child is likely to have a smaller brain overall, fewer fibres in the corpus callosum connecting the left and right hemispheres, a smaller hippocampus, and poor development of prefrontal lobe areas. (Teicher, 2002)"

Continued just below picture

         "Implicit memory ...is generally unconscious, and there is not the sense of ‘remembering’. Things feel as if they are happening now, in the present. Implicit memory requires no attention to be encoded. There are different kinds of implicit memory: Procedural memory is the patterns of behaviour and habits we learn. It is mediated by the cerebellum and striatum.
         Emotional memory is related to the significance of events, and whether they feel good or bad. This is mediated by the right hemisphere, the amygdala and basal ganglia. There is sensorimotor memory, consisting of body sensations, posture and body responses. Perceptual memory is implicit, as are our mental schema and core beliefs.
         "John Briere, a traumatologist, describes deep cognitive structures that are narrative in nature, but held in a nonconscious way because when these are activated they trigger associated emotional responses that are distressing to the person.(Briere, 2001) These deep cognitive structures may be triggered by events that bear some similarity to the original memories. Implicit memories do not feel like `memories’ as they have a here and now quality to them, and `blend’ with current reality. Distressing emotional or traumatic memories are not consolidated, or resolved, and are therefore not integrated into a coherent narrative. Memory ‘stacks’
         "The emotional brain circuitry stores memory in a simple way, almost like ‘stacks’ of similar circuits. When a current event has a particular flavour then the whole ‘stack’, going back to early events is activated. The feelings and behaviours are generated, often very quickly and powerfully. Because emotional memory is always in the ‘now’, the old perceptions, feelings and behaviours become blended with the current situation." [For the sake of context with the rest of this material, I would like to qualify that first sentence, if I may, to say "in a simple way with regard to organizing for similar circuits..." -Chris Pringer]

'Limbic System & Brainstem, Including Cingulate & Ventricles,Labeled' by the Digital Anatomist Project of the University of Washington & Chris Pringer, 2017
Limbic system & brainstem, including cingulate & ventricles
by the Digital Anatomist Project of the University of Washington & Chris Pringer, 2017

      ChaliceBullet20-21  Higher Order Mind-Body Integration Research: Daniel J. Siegel, MD (noted above) has gone the extra mile in prolifically assembling and translating the rapidly increasing brain research -- IMHO, centering on *The Integrative Function of Limbic System* for the physical and psycho-emotional aspects, that of consciousness, and relationships there among. Siegel's work since the mid-90's has resulted in pragmatically useful training manuals for students and practitioners, and for a most impressive variety of practical applications in mental health - both clinical and self-help - of the research into psychotherapy, consciousness, self-healing, and personal growth. Dr. Siegel began psychiatry in the 1980s studying the hippocampus, which integrates raw incoming sensory data, into composite conscious memory.
          Dr. Siegel, is clinical professor of psychiatry at the UCLA School of Medicine on the faculty of the Center for Culture, Brain, and Development and founding co-director of the Mindful Awareness Research Center. He is a Distinguished Fellow of the American Psychiatric Association and Executive Director of the Mindsight Institute. He is also Founding Editor for the Norton Professional Series on Interpersonal Neurobiology which contains over three dozen textbooks.
         Dr Siegel's extensive works include: "The Developing Mind - How Relationships and the Brain Interact to Shape Who We Are," which includes section and chapter headings such as "Epilogue, A Framework For Cultivating Integration" and "The Nine Domains Of Integration," "Neuroplasticity, Epignetics, Mindfullness, And The Neural Correlates Of Consciousness." Other books include "The Mindful Brain - Reflection and Attunement in the Cultivation of Well-being," "The Mindful Therapist - A Clinician's Guide to Mindsight and Neural Integration," and "Pocket Guide to Interpersonal Neurobiology -An Integrative Handbook of the Mind." These and more can be checked out via: DrDanSiegel.Com, Mindsight Institute, and MindGains .Org.

      ChaliceBullet20-21  Charles Daily developed and taught "Holographic Memory Release Technique" (HMR) (article).

      ChaliceBullet20-21  Article, "Body Memory - The Missing Key to Self-Healing" by Fredric Lehrman: "... This area has become very interesting to many people in the fields of health and psychology, who feel that physical patterns, which were considered unchangeable, are in fact less fixed than we used to believe. ..."

      ChaliceBullet20-21  Article, "The Universe as a Hologram" - Does Objective Reality Exist, Or Is The Universe A Phantasm? Laying out the connections as considered in depth by University of London physicist David Bohm, Standford neurophysiologist Karl Pribram working independently in the field of brain research, brain scientist Karl Lashley, neurophysiologist researching acoustic phenomena, Argentinian-Italian researcher Hugo Zucarelli, among many others of impressive credentials.

      ChaliceBullet20-21  Text of article, Morphic Field Theory, A Biological Approach to Systems by David Brent deMoville. Beginning with Rupert Sheldrake, an examination of an approach to systems from the biological perspective. These are living systems which may be "organically based and encompass life and biology as we normally think of them or they may be mechanical, forcing us to think of the meaning of life in new contexts..." Text File; Includes a list of related articles with link addresses.

      ChaliceBullet20-21  Text of article, Presence of the Past: Introduction & Chapter One - On Morphogenic Field Theory by Rupert Sheldrake, Ph.D. "Challenging the fundamental assumptions of modern science, this ground-breaking radical hypothesis suggests that nature itself has memory. The question of morphogenesis - how things take their shape - remains one of the great mysteries of science. What makes a rabbit rabbit-shaped? How do newts regenerate limbs? Why are molecules shaped the way they are? Why do societies arrange themselves in certain predictable patterns? ..." Text File; Includes a list of related articles with link addresses.

      ChaliceBullet20-21  Book, The Heart's Code, The New Findings About Cellular Memories and Their Role in the Mind/Body/Spirit Connection, by Paul Pearsall, Ph.D.   Written by a psychologist about the experiences of recipients of transplanted hearts, including himself, it has already begun to forever change how science looks at the mind, the heart, and memory. Candace Pert, Ph.D., author of Molecules of Emotion, says "...This may be the most important and revolutionary ... the mind is not in the brain and memory can survive after death." On the back-cover are reviews of high acknowledgement also by Bernie Siegel, M.D., author of *Love, Medicine, & Miracles,* Gary E.R.Schwartz, Ph.D. and Linda G.S.Russek, Ph.D. (directors of the Human Energy Systems Laboratory, Program in Integrative Medicine, University of Arizona), and Doc Lew Childre, CEO/President, The Institute of HeartMath, author of *Freeze-Frame: Fast Action Stress Relief and Self-Empowerment.*

      ChaliceBullet20-21  article, "Neural Code Breakers -- What language do neurons use to communicate," SCIENCE NEWS, vol. 149, #25 (June 22, 1996) by Richard Lipkin. In the same issue on the preceding page (391), is "Test-tube stickers for DNA-based computers," which also relates to how organisms process data. And then the article, "A Cellular Light Show" on (page 399) regard how the stimulation of a gene in a separate cell effects neighboring cells, and the monitoring process used by researchers described with "[with the described system] One can monitor dynamically, what goes on in normal cells.

      ChaliceBullet20-21  Book, Emotional Anatomy (1985), by Stanley Keleman, for a brilliant overview and study of fascia and it's relationship to the formation and development of the human psyche, generously illustrated with insightful and useful graphics.

      ChaliceBullet20-21  Article, Tissue Memory & Chinese Research: "Strong Emotions Cause Chronic Illness, Advance Aging & Impede Healing by Warping the Human Energy Field" at CHINA HEALTHWAYS (http://www.chinahealthways.com/newsletters/magnet/emotion-warp.html). Related Ref: "Scientific Investigation into Chinese QI-Gong," Edited by Richard H Lee.

Ventricles, Limbic Sys Of Grail Brain [Over 'Chalice Garden & CrossChalice' -D3

         The limbic system of the brain has been found essential for the mind-body integrative function. Before 1997 or so, there was rarely any research findings venturing to say this area was more than about raw emotion and usually as related to survival instincts, never mentioning the word empathy, let alone actual integration of intellect with emotion. [With near exception in Candace Pert who was so close to nailing it in 1985 or more - before moving her focus, so much of which was already on or via the immune system (via noted precipitate research on neuropeptides and receptors), to the HIV/AIDS research, which says she was far more concerned about the pressing needs of others than about credit for breakthrough discoveries. (IMHO ~cp)] But given all the experience with MRI's and various other brain-scanning equipment while observing behavior, lots of correlations have been established, particularly since 2003. Since then Dr. Daniel J. Siegel has gone the extra mile...
         [see text section at left]
         And about the same time I published the Fascia Memory Theory, I also (perhaps more brazenly) published the notion that the ventricles would be found to be an essential component in the process of integrating intuition with analysis.
       Reference: the page for "..Intuition Coming Home..," the more related (and more recently added) section being "Scientific Research On the Limbic System - Co-Enveloping the Ventricles" ... the Limbic system is essentially *one with* the 3rd ventricle as it is with the top of the 4th, while intimately enveloped by the (two) lateral ventricles -- that are also just under the cingulate, the limbic component that has more recently (2003+) been shown as one of, if not the, most essential brain components for the mind-body integrative function (eg: including emotional, empathic, or interpersonal, which it integrates - via the limbic system).
          Even as 'close' as that sounds by function as well as proximity to that noted above [in my presumptuous outburst, if knowing in one's heart is arrogance], I maintain my awaiting MUCH MORE than "close" - even if devices for verifying that are probably farther in the future than those for verifying the fascia's role in memory storage.
          We might understandably ask how this alleged ("all edged"?) intuition-integration function (and ventricle system) relates to the body-memory system. And besides just answering, "via the limbic system," I will say that there are too many references in colloquial language of every era and culture relating the feeling in one's body to the motivation and determination of one's next steps, such that body-memory is implicated in that as much as "gut feeling" may be. Please also consider that the flow of CSF (cerebral spinal fluid) -in accordance with some known functions of the ventricles- extends to the base of the spine as well as virtually circumnavigating the brain.

IfYouBelieveInThePossibilityOfChange' - Suggestion & Artwork by Chris Pringer Aug'16
"If you believe" on "Chalice Garden & CenterCross" - Suggestion & Artwork by Chris Pringer Aug'16 (and what I've been trying to do at this website for a few years smile )

'Ventricles Over Chalice Garden & CrossChalice' Anatomical Structures by Digital Anatomist Project, University of Washington Assembly; Rendering by Chris Pringer 2016
"Ventricles Over Chalice Garden & CrossChalice"

Most anatomical figures in above images are from the Digital Anatomist Project of the University of Washington,
assembled & artistically rendered over background, "Chalice Garden & CrossChalice" by Chris Pringer, July-Aug 2016.

      ChaliceBullet20-21  The HeartMath Institute: "We have a tremendous body of research here at the Institute on the heart and its influence. The fact that electrical energy produced by the heart is 60 times stronger than that of the brain is not our research; that is known by anybody involved in the biophysics field. What we've been able to show is that yes, that's true, and that frequency is being received by every single cell in the body. And the frequency content of the heart's electrical energy emission changes relative to our perceptions, how we're taking in what we're taking in. So certain heart-based types of qualities like care, appreciation or love that have often just been associated metaphorically with the heart really do produce dramatic changes in the electrical energy output of the heart when people are perceiving/receiving from a place of care or appreciation. And in turn, our research shows that when that electrical energy changes, it goes to what's called 'coherent frequency patterns'. We're able to correlate that to changes in the immune system and changes in hormonal balance. And we also see changes in perception and intelligence. There's a lot more to what the heart is doing than people realize. It's not just a blood pump." Enjoy the IHM Research Papers, Abstracts, and Reports (at http://www.heartmath.org/RP.html)


Research References Specific to Thalamus &
"Thalamic Somato-Sensory Memory Gating"

     Editor's Notes, mainly restating from further above sections in the "Motor Management Centers" and "Somato Sensory Related Contexts" sections:
      [Bracketed words are those inserted by the editor. Usually these regard the potential indications of a *mediation function* (gating) in the thalamus - relative to the suppression of selected data (tagged for temporary or longer storage, awaiting "update," so to speak). Which memory data would otherwise be given the "pass" to be consolodated as consciously available memory. Which process is also postulated here as coordinating with the cerebellum for it's mapping/storing of that data, including for the degree of excess tension in the musculature. Which might also explain why the cerebellum has increased so much in effective work size relative to the rest of the brain. So far, it cannot be said these necessarily refer to circuits or components that research has definitely indicated in gating *emotionally induced* traumatic memory, certainly not by way of any one of the references, at least not directly with regard to sensory information from the musculature. But overall, they would seem to be highly anatomically and/or functionally relevant. Perhaps only the context (including frequency and timing of the aggregate) signaling is different, considering how that aspect seems to be indicated in the more recent research. ~cp]
Thalamus, Gateway the Brain

      ChBullet      "Mechanisms Gating the Flow of Information in the Cortex: What They Might Look Like and What Their Uses may be" Thomas Gisiger1,* and Mounir Boukadoum, Front Comput Neurosci. 2011; 5: 1.; Published online 2011 Jan 19. Prepublished online 2010 Aug 26. doi: 10.3389/fncom.2011.00001
      Abstract: "The notion of gating as a mechanism capable of controlling the flow of information from one set of neurons to another, has been studied in many regions of the central nervous system. In the nucleus accumbens, where evidence is especially clear, gating seems to rely on the action of bistable neurons, i.e., of neurons that oscillate between a quiescent “down” state and a firing “up” state, and that act as AND-gates relative to their entries. Independently from these observations, a growing body of evidence now indicates that bistable neurons are also quite abundant in the cortex, although their exact functions in the dynamics of the brain remain to be determined. Here, we propose that at least some of these bistable cortical neurons are part of circuits devoted to gating information flow within the cortex. We also suggest that currently available structural, electrophysiological, and imaging data support the existence of at least three different types of gating architectures. The first architecture involves gating directly by the cortex itself. The second architecture features circuits spanning the cortex and the thalamus. The third architecture extends itself through the cortex, the basal ganglia, and the thalamus. These propositions highlight the variety of mechanisms that could regulate the passage of action potentials between cortical neurons sets. They also suggest that gating mechanisms require larger-scale neural circuitry to control the state of the gates themselves, in order to fit in the overall wiring of the brain and complement its dynamics."

      ChBullet          "The Role of Anterior Nuclei of the Thalamus: A Subcortical Gate in Memory Processing: An Intracerebral Recording Study" Klára Štillová, Pavel Jurák, Jan Chládek, Jan Chrastina, Josef Halámek, Martina Bocková, Sabina Goldemundová, Ivo Ríha, Ivan Rektor PLOS Published: November 3, 2015 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0140778
     "...The importance of the anterior thalamus in human memory is becoming indubitable [30–32]. Damage to the anterior and medial parts of the thalamus, including the ANT, mediodorsal, midline and intralaminar nuclei can contribute to amnesia, although the nature of the memory deficit may vary. This was verified in animal models [4], [17], [31], [33–35] and in clinical practice in a published study of a group of patients with amnestic syndrome caused by thalamic infarction [20], [36].
     The ANT was suggested as a critical nodal point in an extended hippocampal system in spatial and non-spatial memory [17], [7], [37], [38]. Several studies focused on the hippocampal-ANT cooperation and on the direct and indirect influence of the ANT on the hippocampus. The involvement of the ANT and the hippocampal-anterior thalamic interconnections in human episodic memory and rodent event memory is known. The hippocampal-ANT axis is considered to be important for memory recall [31]. The role of the ANT in episodic memory in terms of learning of visual discrimination (object in place) was found in monkeys by Parker and Gaffan [33] and the selective activation of the ANT during the retrieval phase of memory recognition was observed in an fMRI study in humans [39]. Our results suggest a specific role of the ANT in memory recognition processes and as a recognition “pre-processor” before the information gets further to the hippocampus.

      ChBullet      "Intralaminar and medial thalamic influence on cortical synchrony, information transmission and cognition" Yuri B. Saalmann* Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin—Madison, Madison, WI, USA Front. Syst. Neurosci., 09 May 2014

      [This article speaks fairly directly to the aspect of CONTEXT with regard to signal gating:]
      "...A key neural mechanism may involve intralaminar and medial thalamic neurons modulating the degree of synchrony between different groups of cortical neurons according to behavioral demands. Such a thalamic-mediated synchronization mechanism may give rise to large-scale integration of information across multiple cortical circuits, consequently influencing the level of arousal and consciousness. Overall, the growing evidence supports a general role for the higher-order thalamus in the control of cortical information transmission and cognitive processing."
      " ...Behavioral context influences the activity of anterior intralaminar neurons. Central thalamic neurons, including central lateral and paracentral neurons, have shown increased spiking activity during the delay period in visually-guided and memory-guided delayed saccade tasks (Wyder et al., 2003, 2004). This delay period activity was modulated based on whether the cue signaled a distractor or the saccade goal in the response field. Error trials influenced delay period activity as well (Wyder et al., 2004; Schiff et al., 2013). In a human positron emission tomography study, increased attentiveness during visual and somatosensory stimulus detection tasks activated the intralaminar nuclei, likely the central lateral and Cm nuclei (Kinomura et al., 1996). Oscillatory activity in the central thalamus also depends on context. Increased gamma frequency (30–100 Hz) power of LFPs, and reduced power at lower frequencies (10–20 Hz), has been reported during the delay period in a variable foreperiod, reaction time task (Schiff et al., 2013). ...Both the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test and the go-nogo task require cognitive flexibility and response inhibition. Different groups of neurons will need to be activated based on the current behavioral rule. Dynamically shifting between different rule-guided behaviors may involve synchronizing different task-relevant groups of frontal cortical neurons (Buschman et al., 2012). Synchrony between different cortical areas ...opens the possibility of Cm/Pf, in concert with other higher-order thalamic nuclei like MD, modulating cortical synchrony based on the current relevant course of action."

      ChBullet          "The anterior thalamus provides a subcortical circuit supporting memory and spatial navigation" Maciej M. Jankowski1, Kim C. Ronnqvist1, Marian Tsanov1, Seralynne D. Vann2, Nicholas F. Wright2, Jonathan T. Erichsen3, John P. Aggleton2 and Shane M. O'Mara1*; Front. Syst. Neurosci., 30 August 2013 | https://doi.org/10.3389/fnsys.2013.00045; Review Article
      Includes refs:
      Aggleton, J. P., and Brown, M. W. (1999). Episodic memory, amnesia, and the hippocampal-anterior thalamic axis. Behav. Brain Sci. 22, 425–444. discussion: 444–489. doi: 10.1017/S0140525X99002034
      Schiff, N. D., Giacino, J. T., Kalmar, K., Victor, J. D., Baker, K., Gerber, M., et al. (2007). Behavioural improvements with thalamic stimulation after severe traumatic brain injury. Nature 448, 600–603. doi: 10.1038/nature06041

      ChBullet      "Prefrontal Phase Locking to Hippocampal Theta Oscillations" Athanassios G. Siapas3,'Correspondence information about the author Athanassios G. SiapasEmail the author Athanassios G. Siapas, Evgueniy V. Lubenov3, Matthew A. Wilson 3These authors contributed equally to this work. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuron.2005.02.028
      "...Possible Functional Consequences... The demonstrated phase locking of prefrontal neurons to the hippocampal theta rhythm represents a timing relationship that may have important consequences for the organization of network activity over both short and long timescales."

      ChBullet      "New Study Links Mindfulness, Brain Changes, and Pain Sensitivity" (2018) (Relationship to Current Gating of "noxious stimulation" and gating of extreme of same to "Blocked" [Suppressed / Repressed] Memory ? ~cp)
         Neural mechanisms supporting the relationship between dispositional mindfulness and pain. Zeidan F, Salomons T, Farris SR, et al.; Pain. July 12, 2018. Epub ahead of print. (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30015711)
         Inter-individual differences in pain sensitivity vary as a function of interactions between sensory, cognitive-affective and dispositional factors. Trait mindfulness, characterized as the innate capacity to non-reactively sustain attention to the present moment, is a psychological construct that is associated with lower clinical pain outcomes. Yet, the neural mechanisms supporting dispositional mindfulness are unknown. In an exploratory data analysis obtained during a study comparing mindfulness to placebo-analgesia, we sought to determine if dispositional mindfulness is associated with lower pain sensitivity. We also aimed to identify the brain mechanisms supporting the postulated inverse relationship between trait mindfulness and pain in response to noxious stimulation. We hypothesized that... Whole brain analyses revealed that higher dispositional mindfulness was associated with greater deactivation of a brain region extending from the precuneus to posterior cingulate cortex (PCC) during noxious heat. ...We propose that mindfulness and the PCC should be considered as important mechanistic targets for pain therapies.
     Lead-up/Supportive Research by same author/scientists
                [Note: the more essential of these would be of earlier dates ~cp]

         [1]      "Brain Mechanisms Supporting the Modulation of Pain by Mindfulness Meditation" (2011); Fadel Zeidan, Katherine T. Martucci, Robert A. Kraft, Nakia S. Gordon, John G. McHaffie and Robert C. Coghill; Journal of Neuroscience 6 April 2011, 31 (14) 5540-5548; DOI: https://doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.5791-10.2011
         "... Reductions in pain unpleasantness ratings were associated with orbitofrontal cortex activation, an area implicated in reframing the contextual evaluation of sensory events. Moreover, reductions in pain unpleasantness also were associated with thalamic deactivation, which may reflect a limbic gating mechanisminvolved in modifying interactions between afferent input and executive-order brain areas. Together, these data indicate that meditation engages multiple brain mechanisms that alter the construction of the subjectively available pain experience from afferent information. ..."
     Article Excerpts:
         "... The correlation between decreased pain unpleasantness ratings and the widespread deactivation of the thalamus during meditation may reflect a filtering mechanism associated with the modulation of ascending sensory information at thalamic levels (Fig. 6). The thalamic reticular nucleus (TRN) facilitates such filtering between frontal cortices and the thalamus (Crick, 1984). TRN is a GABAergic structure that operates as a “gatekeeper” between the thalamus and the cortex, in that all feedback connections between the thalamus and cortex travel through the TRN (Crick, 1984; Guillery et al., 1998). Projections from the PFC contact TRN GABAergic neurons, which in turn modulate sensory nuclei of the thalamus and thereby influence the transmission of subsequent sensory information to the cortex in a context-dependent manner (Sherman, 2001; Rauschecker et al., 2010). Cortically mediated shifts in executive attention activate TRN (Guillery et al., 1998; Kilmer, 2001), a mechanism fitting for sustaining attention and engaging/disengaging distractors (i.e., focused attention meditation). Thus, meditation-induced activation of this limbic–thalamic (Fig. 6) gating mechanism would modulate ascending noxious information before its accessing cortical regions implicated in conscious perception. The fact that TRN modulates visual and auditory modalities (Guillery et al., 1998) is consistent with the effects of meditation on binocular rivalry (Carter et al., 2005) and dichotic listening (Lutz et al., 2008). Together, these findings indicate that both corticocortical and corticothalamic interactions provide potential substrates for executive-order processes to alter the elaboration of nociceptive information into a subjectively available pain experience. ..."
         [<===== AND influence the transmission of relatively current extreme noxious experience as an accessible memory as well as altar "elaboration" of subsequent noxious stimulation to objectively OR subjectively available experience ? ~cp =====]
         "...cognitive control is enhanced after training (Zeidan et al., 2010c), allowing subjects to more effectively focus on the breath. This attentional set may reduce the saliency of noxious stimuli (Pessoa et al., 2003). Second, reducing expectations of impending noxious stimuli promotes pain modulation (Koyama et al., 2005)... anticipatory responses to noxious stimuli (Brown and Jones, 2010). ..."
         Correspondence should be addressed to Dr. Fadel Zeidan, Department of Neurobiology and Anatomy, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston-Salem, NC 27157. fzeidan@wfubmc.edu

          [2]      "Mindfulness Meditation-Based Pain Relief Employs Different Neural Mechanisms Than Placebo and Sham Mindfulness Meditation-Induced Analgesia." Zeidan F1, Emerson NM2, Farris SR2, Ray JN3, Jung Y4, McHaffie JG2, Coghill RC5.; J Neurosci. 2015 Nov 18;35(46):15307-25. doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2542-15.2015. (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26586819)
         "...Mindfulness-meditation-related pain relief was associated with greater activation in brain regions associated with the cognitive modulation of pain, including the orbitofrontal, subgenual anterior cingulate, and anterior insular cortex. In contrast, placebo analgesia was associated with activation of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and deactivation of sensory processing regions (secondary somatosensory cortex). ..."
Significance Statement:
         "...Here, we provide novel evidence demonstrating that mindfulness meditation produces greater pain relief and employs distinct neural mechanisms than placebo cream and sham mindfulness meditation. ..."

      ChBullet          "Input Specificity – Exteroceptive, Interoceptive, AND Proprioceptive" © John E. LaMuth 2011:
      [1]     "The rudimentary visual pulvinar nucleus [of Thalamus] ...rates as the largest nucleus in the human thalamus. ...The dorsal thalamic region receiving the class of somatosensory inputs corresponds to the caudal subdivision of the lateral thalamic complex. ...The exteroceptive class of forebrain inputs serves to keep the individual organism sensorily aware of the external environment. ...Each [sensory] modality projects to a specific region of the dorsal thalamus save olfaction... Inputs to the thalamus are analyzed and relayed to precise areas of the cerebral cortex via the thalamic radiations. Each exteroceptive input evolves across the complete series of thalamic growth shells, projecting to a single nucleus within each growth shell. This organizational pattern is schematically illustrated in the master schematic grid. ...
      [2]    "The proprioceptive center of the human forebrain is situated immediately anterior to the exteroceptive regions of the cerebral cortex and the thalamus. The intermediate segment of the lateral thalamic complex is situated just rostral to the somatosensory caudal sector. The nucleus lateralis intermedius receives its input from the vestibular complex of brainstem motor nuclei. ...
      [3]    "The cerebellum functions to synchronize the timid between muscles as a whole, or within a group ...The proprioceptive center of the human forebrain is situated immediately anterior to the exteroceptive regions of the cerebral cortex and the thalamus. The nucleus lateralis intermedius receives its input from the vestibular complex of brainstem motor nuclei. The primary relay nucleus for the intermediate segment corresponds to the well differentiated nucleus ventro-intermedius. This nucleus is further subdivided into the external and internal segments reminiscent of the similar arrangement within the nucleus ventro-caudalis. Nucleus ventro-intermedius internus has been cited by Hassler (1971) as the chief site of termination for input from the lateral vestibular nucleus. ...
      [4]    "...Pain information communicated through the spinothalamic tract is relayed throughout the parietal lobe after integrative processing in the caudal thalamus. This cortical projection is consistent with electrophysiological findings, which point to the presence of a diffusely organized pain representation in the lateral parietal lobe. ..."
            [Editor's Note on above:] "All the better to Eat You With," says the Thalamus (suppression function) to the associated memory? tagging for non-consolidation, if you will? ~cp]
      [5]     At one time in the distant past, the epithalamus undoubtedly received a dual optic projection that closely paralleled the main optic projection to the pregeniculate nucleus still in evidence today. The total atrophy of the parietal visual structures prior to the development of the later thalamic growth shells seemingly deprived the epithalamic ur-trend of sustaining inputs from the visual system. This sensory deficit appears to have been filled by collateral inputs from the optic tectum at subsequent stages of dorsal thalamic differentiation. ...The optic tectum eventually formed the roof of the midbrain, but in lower vertebrates in which the cerebral aqueduct is not yet formed, the optic tectum simple extends over the midbrain as a laminated cortex, continuous at its rostral end with the diencephalon and separated from the underlying midbrain by extensions of the third ventricle, the optic ventricles.... The epithalamic and subthalamic visual ur-trends are definitely represented in the human thalamus, although obscured at certain levels by the unavoidable atrophy of outmoded inputs such as the parietal eye.
            "It would appear that the somatosensory and auditory realms share a common set of associational prekoniocortices in the parietal region. MacLean 1971) demonstrated an even more extensive overlap of somatosensory and auditory modalities in the more ancient insular cortex of primates. This sensory overlap is not inconsistent in light of the common functional origin of audition and somesthesia. ..."

Intercessory Note: [Per the above reference, all nerve signals conveying sensory information, while taking different (and in some cases, switched or joined) pathways for various of the tactile and proprioceptive senses, etc, in any case, (all) go through the Thalamus. I interprete some entries in the above LaMuth reference, regarding the blending of various sensory bands into the ventrocaudalis, to indicate there would seem to be good evidence of both expertise AND experience in blocking syncronous use of various combinations of senses in the Thalamus, ie: visual, audio, touch, etc, eg: "somesthesia"- as well as any memory of such capacities (or tagging for non-consolidation) (!) ~cp]

      [6]    "The intrinsic and extrinsic categories of proprioceptive input each project to a dorsal/ventral set-pairs of ur-trends within the lateral complex. These complementary ur-trend pairs project to correspondingly arranged medial/ lateral ur-trend sequences in the neocortex. This pattern was previously shown to be in evidence for exteroceptive inputs projecting to posterior forebrain regions. This dual ur-trend pattern will also be shown to be a unifying principle for the class of interoceptive thalamic inputs as well. ...
      [7]    "With regard to the intrinsic interceptive classification, the lateral subdivision of the hypothalamus was cited to connect with the magnocellular nucleus medialis (Nauta, 1971) of the epithalamic ur-trend, while the mammillary subdivision of the medial hypothalamus projects to the anterior thalamic group correspondingly situated with the subthalamic ur-trend. The extrinsic interoceptive input classification is represented by the thalamic projection of the group of midbrain tegmental nuclei loosely designated as the “limbic midbrain area” by Nauta (1958). Limbic midbrain projections to the more posterior parts of the medial complex have been cited from the interpeduncular nucleus (Massopust and Thompson, 1972) and from the midbrain tegmentum proper (Guillery, 1959). ...
      [8]    "...experimental observation verifies the major role that thalamo-cortical connections play in the maintenance of cortical synchronization. The thalamus correspondingly exhibits the same extero-intero-proprioceptive sequence of input convergence already shown to exist on the grand scale in the cortex. There is, however, a fundamental difference between these two major subdivisions of the forebrain that suggests that the cortex plays a much more dominant role in the functional unification of the forebrain than does the thalamus. The cerebral hemispheres are linked by a massive system of commissural fibers that is completely lacking in the thalamus.

      ChBullet          "Proprioception" ~Johnson & Soucacos: " ...both movement and static position from Pacinian corpuscles. The spinocervical tract, on the other hand, is derived from those fibers that terminate in layer IV. This tract relays proprioceptive information regarding static position coming mostly from Ruffini endings, and this tract joins the dorsal column later on. Fibers conveying joint or position sense and some tactile fibers turn cephalad in the dorsal columns and do not synapse before reaching the gracile and cuneate nuclei at the cervicomedullary junction. Somatosensory fibers ascend... fibers from the upper extremity synapse with neurons of the cuneate nuclei. The new fibers ...go on to form new afferent bundles, the medial lemnisci. The lemnisci ascend ...to the cuneate. ...All of these fibers synapse with the ventral posterolateral nucleus of the thalamus. This is a large cell mass that serves all somatic sensory modalities. ...For all sensory systems, the thalamus acts as a crucial way station, much like a "check point Charlie". That is, it intercepts all messages going to the cerebral cortex..."
      ChBullet          Apsubiology .Org "The thalamus...processes sensory impulses by gating out irrelevant sensory information while directing relevant information to the cerebral cortex..." [gating out as in not tagging it as ready for consolidation? ~cp]
      ChBullet          "Parcellation of the cingulate cortex at rest and during tasks: a meta-analyic clustering and experiemental study." Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, Torta et al.; June 2013 | Volume 7 | Article 275 www.frontiersin.org: "...RESULTS DATABASE SEARCH: The BrainMap query retrieved 1240 papers involving 24,540 subjects and a total of 1851 foci (see Table S1): "...[Figure 4] shows the mean MACM connectivity of the three clusters. Our results indicate that cluster 1 is functionally connected to the parietal cortices (the inferior parietal lobe BA 40, the superior parietal lobe BA 7), frontal cortices (superior and middle frontal gyri BA 9, 10) and to some sensory (primary somatosensory cortices BA 2, 3) and motor (primary and pre-motor areas BA 4 and 6) areas. In addition, this cluster shows connections to the temporal lobe (superior and middle temporal gyri BA 21, 22, 39) and is slightly left lateralized in the anterior cingulate cortex and slightly right lateralized in the posterior cingulate cortex. Cluster 2 is co-active with the inferior, middle and superior frontal gyri (BA 45, 9, and 10), the parietal cortex (BA 7, 40, 43), and the temporal lobe (BA 37, 39). Moreover this cluster presents a strong co-activation with sub-cortical structures such as the thalamus, the red nucleus, and the caudate. This cluster is also characterized by a right-prevalence of activations in the posterior cingulate cortex. Cluster 3 is characterized by a more frontal and limbic functional connectivity which includes the superior and middle frontal gyri (BA 9 and 10) and hippocampal and parahippocampal structures. All three clusters are extensively co-active with other portions of the cingulate cortex and with the insula (see Figure 4 and Tables S2–S4). ... "These findings support the view that the cingulate cortex and the insula form a saliency network devoted to the integration of information coming from the internal (e.g., homeostasis) and the external (e.g., sensory) environments (e.g., sensory inputs) ( Vincentetal., 2008 ). In addition, this insular-cingulate system is thought to be in charge providing a stable “set maintenance” over the execution of tasks ( Dosenbach et al., 2006 ). Moreover, we found that all clusters are strongly locally interconnected as evidenced by the presence of activity of the dACC and of the insula in the MACM profiles of the three clusters.
      ChBullet          "Cortico-subcortical visual, somatosensory, and motor activations for perceiving dynamic whole-body emotional expressions with and without striate cortex VI" Jan Van den Stock, Marco Tamietto, Bettina Sorger, Swann Pichon, Julie Grézes, and Beatrice de Gelder: "...Activations specific for blind hemifield presentation of angry compared with neutral actions were found in the bilateral superior colliculus, pulvinar nucleus of the thalamus, amygdala, and right fusiform gyrus. Direct comparison of emotional modulation in the blind vs. intact visual hemifield revealed selective activity in the right superior colliculus and bilateral pulvinar for angry expressions, thereby showing a selective involvement of these subcortical structures in nonconscious visual emotion perception. ..."


More Recent Related Scientific Research
[for more (besides the extensive list and excepts below) please see the articles by the Oschmans as also linked below]:

Long-Term Memory Networks in the Brain
A modern theory with new research, excerpts added 8/17/16 from
"Unlocking the Brain’s Deepest Secrets"
By Teal Burrell, 25 May 2016 (NOVA at PBS)
[ My Comment Follows (Opinion, relative to *fascia memory theory* ]

         "In neuroscience, neurons get all the glory. Or rather, they used to. Researchers are beginning to discover the importance of something outside the neurons — a structure called the perineuronal net ...an organized tangle of proteins that helps form the extracellular matrix, a sort of neuron exoskeleton. ...perineuronal nets and the extracellular matrix might explain many of neuroscience’s mysteries."
         ...“Up to this point, we still don’t understand how we maintain memories in our brains for up to our entire lifetimes,” says Sakina Palida, a graduate student in Roger Tsien’s lab at the University of California, San Diego. ..."
         Memory was previously theorized to be facilitated by a kind of reinforcement of brain neurons with added synapses, but there were too many holes in the theory.
         "...That the perineuronal net is involved in some form of memory isn’t entirely new; Tsien’s hypothesis is that it is the structure for long-term memory, and that is new...To Tsien, a modern Nobel laureate, the breakthrough came when he started thinking outside the neuron. Instead of molecules inside neurons retaining memories, molecules outside neurons might be the key. “You need very long lasting molecules to store things and what else is better than just on the other side, the outside of the synapse?” Tsien says. “You have equal access to the information that’s in the synapse, but the proteins and carbohydrates that are on the outside of the synapse can last forever.”" The nets were reported 130 years ago by Camillo Golgi, but after a time of not knowing their purpose, became pretty much ignored."
         "In 2009, perineuronal nets were blamed for the fact that fear memories are nearly impossible to erase in adults. ...At the latest Society for Neuroscience meeting in Chicago, it was clear perineuronal nets are not being ignored any longer. ..."

My Comment (including note on positive touch-related memories):
         While this theory is probably right on target, I believe it is much more likely to explain non-traumatic long-term memories, and not the hard-core glue of trauma-suppressed memories (*per fascia memory theory*). And the discovery of the *means by which the nets work* will very likely be key to the discovery of the means by which fascia-memory works, if not the existence of that matrix/system itself. That is, the means for the brain's nets will likely be found similar to that for fascia-memory. However, they will likely be found far more *neuro-magnetically* similar, but less neuro-electrically, and certainly less neuro-mechanically similar, if you will, to the fascia-memory matrixes. There are no proprioceptors in the brain, after all. AND (per *fascia-memory theory*) there will be found a relationship between the neuronets of the fascia and that of the brain - one that is set up to communicate with each other on an as-needed, certainly long-term basis. And yes, "neuro-magnetically" is the term I intended to use - per the *fascia-memory theory* - and refers to the mechanisms of neuro-muscular physiology yet to be found[?] and which (to me, still) appears is going to require more advanced scanning equipment than we have yet to devise and use[?]. Another question arises (here) about the strongest positive touch-related memories, and I'm guessing that those are "referenced" in the fascia via a third set of (neuro-magnetic) mechanisms, more subtle than that for trauma-suppressed memories, hence not based on or necessarily related to[?] the fascia-pleating mechanism. ~cp 8/17/16

Proprioreception research breakthrough! 9/21/16
"How A 'Sixth Sense' Helps Simone Biles Fly,
And The Rest Of Us Walk"

Heard on All Things Considered
By Jon Hamilton, September 21, 2016

[[ My Comment Up-Front: As far as I can tell, this is much more about the genetics vs the nerve tracts to/from the medulla, nor the processes therein, nor the emotional memory storage component as [I suspect would necessarily be] transmitted on to the limbic centers, let alone directly related to the neuro-muscular proprioceptor processes referred to in the *fascia memory theory.* But I am sensing smile it may be a step closer to that, although I'm pretty sure their are distinctly separate systems for the indicating "positioning in space" vs the degree of force exerted (passive vs active, effect vs cause). While they are both necessary for proprioception, almost paradoxically so, The later (in each case) would seem to more related to the emotional storage theory here. ~cp 9/22/16]]

Article Excerpts:
          "A rare genetic disorder is helping scientists understand our mysterious ability to sense where we are in space, known as proprioception.
          This "sixth sense" is what dancers and gymnasts rely on to tell them the exact position of their body and limbs at every moment. It also tells them how much force each muscle is exerting.
          The most beautiful demonstration of proprioception in action is Simone Biles when she is spinning and somersaulting through the air," says Carsten Bonnemann, a pediatrician and geneticist at the National institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke.
         Scientists have known about proprioception for more than a century. But they didn't realize how much people depend on it until they got a chance to study two young patients with a rare genetic disorder that leaves them completely lacking this sense.
         ...Damiana's condition might have remained a mystery if Bonnemann hadn't seen her a few years ago while holding a clinic in San Diego.

         He was puzzled by her symptoms and ordered a state-of-the-art genetic analysis. It turned up a mutation in a gene called PIEZO2, which allows certain cells to detect mechanical pressure. ...Then one day Bonnemann heard about a colleague at the National Institutes of Health who knew a lot about PIEZO2. ...The colleague was Alex Chesler from the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health.
         ...Chesler had spent years studying PIEZO2 in mice. But he'd never had a good way to study its function in people. So last year, Bonnemann, Chesler and a team of researchers invited Damiana and another patient with a similar PIEZO2 mutation to the NIH. The visit was a revelation.

Excerpts From Related Article,
“Sixth sense” may be more than just a feeling
NIH study of rare genetic disorder reveals importance of touch and body awareness:
         ...Dr. Bönnemann’s team uses cutting edge genetic techniques to help diagnose children around the world who have disorders that are difficult to characterize. The two patients in this study are unrelated, one nine and the other 19 years old. They have difficulties walking; hip, finger and foot deformities; and abnormally curved spines diagnosed as progressive scoliosis.
         Although they both felt the brushing of hairy skin, one claimed it felt prickly instead of the pleasant sensation reported by unaffected volunteers. Brain scans showed different activity patterns in response to brushing between unaffected volunteers and the patient who felt prickliness.
         Despite these differences, the patients’ nervous systems appeared to be developing normally. They were able to feel pain, itch, and temperature normally; the nerves in their limbs conducted electricity rapidly; and their brains and cognitive abilities were similar to the control subjects of their age.
         “What’s remarkable about these patients is how much their nervous systems compensate for their lack of touch and body awareness,” said Dr. Bönnemann. “It suggests the nervous system may have several alternate pathways that we can tap into when designing new therapies.”

Article 2 (as Referenced by Above) Excerpts:

"The Role of PIEZO2 in Human Mechanosensation"
September 14, 2016, DOI: 10.1056/NEJMoa1602812
New England Journal of Medicine
Alexander T. Chesler, et al.

From Abstract/Background:
         "The senses of touch and proprioception evoke a range of perceptions and rely on the ability to detect and transduce mechanical force. The molecular and neural mechanisms underlying these sensory functions remain poorly defined. The stretch-gated ion channel PIEZO2 has been shown to be essential for aspects of mechanosensation in model organisms."

From Article:

         ...We evaluated the patients’ performance on several sensory tests. We began by assessing mechanosensory responses on glabrous skin (e.g., skin on the palm and fingertips), which is highly sensitive to touch. ...We next assessed mechanosensory responses on hairy skin...

         We quantified each participant’s perception of large proximal and small distal joint movements spanning 10 degrees in the arms and legs. Control participants sensed the direction of the movements in their joints with 100% accuracy, whereas the PIEZO2-deficient patients identified the direction of the movements with 40 to 60% accuracy, a rate no better than chance (P<0.001 for both patients)
         "...We next analyzed the paths and kinetics of motion using a simple learned motor task that involved reaching from the nose to a target placed at arm’s length (see Videos 3 through 6).
         "...Clinically, we observed general losses in vibration detection, touch discrimination (specifically on glabrous skin), and joint proprioception. We conclude that PIEZO2 is required to transduce the mechanical forces at the sensory afferent terminals in these various contexts in humans.
         "...Descriptions of persons with altered ability to sense pain have highlighted the importance of nociceptive input to health and survival.24,25 This study of PIEZO2-deficient patients offers similar insights into touch and proprioception. ... ...

         ... Descriptions of persons with altered ability to sense pain have highlighted the importance of nociceptive input to health and survival.24,25 This study of PIEZO2-deficient patients offers similar insights into touch and proprioception. Patient 1 and Patient 2 have major deficits in discriminative touch perception and loss of proprioception that noticeably affect movement control and posture, but they remarkably are still able to perform complex movements by relying on compensatory inputs, such as vision. In addition, we found that both patients’ perception of other forms of somatosensation, including pain from high-threshold mechanical stimuli and the touch responses evoked by gentle stroking on hairy skin, remains intact. The findings of this study and those of others2 show the way in which distinct and independent peripheral lines of input1,26 combine to provide the rich sensory experience of human touch and the perception of our bodies in space.

         From the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health, the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, and the Functional and Applied Biomechanics Section, Rehabilitation Medicine Department, Clinical Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD; the Division of Neurology, Children’s National Health System, Washington, DC; the Department of Medical Genetics and Alberta Children’s Hospital Research Institute, Cumming School of Medicine, and the Department of Clinical Neurosciences and Department of Pediatrics, Alberta Children’s Hospital Research Institute, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada; and the Departments of Neurosciences and Pediatrics, School of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, Rady Children’s Hospital, San Diego, CA (C.M.G.).
Genetic Characteristics of Patients with Null Variants, Piezo2-[NIH]-cropRelated Video

Related Charting:
"Clinical and Genetic Characteristics of Patients with Null Variants in PIEZO2"

Proprioreception- Kinematic Reaching Research Charting [NIH]
Figure 3. Results of the Kinematic Reaching Task

Proprioreception- Kinematic Reaching Research Charting [NIH]-crop
Figure 3 (cut). Results of the Kinematic Reaching Task
; Video Charting .

         "During the kinematic reaching task, participants were instructed to use the dominant index finger to alternate between touching the nose and touching a target approximately 50 cm from the sternum while their eyes were either open or covered. ...mapping the trajectory of the finger during the skilled phase... as well as for the total path (which includes both the ballistic phase ...and the skilled phase), for a control participant (Panel A), Patient 1 (Panel B), and Patient 2 (Panel C). ...Also shown are graphs of the total path length with eyes open and eyes covered. (See Videos 3 through 6, available at NEJM.org.)"

[[ 2nd Comment: This research appears to be some of the first follow-up on Robert Schleip's articles, including "Fascial mechanoreceptors and..." in the Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies. Excerpts about fascia as densely innervated by mechanoreceptors include, "Fascial plasticity - a new neurobiological explanation," and effected by "self-regulatory dynamics": "...Fascia and the autonomic nervous system appear to be intimately connected..." And "...Additionally smooth muscle cells have been discovered in fascia, which seem to be involved in active fascial contractility. Fascia and the autonomic nervous system appear to be intimately connected." And about the largest group of (type III & IV) sensory nerve fibers, now commonly called interstitial muscle receptors. "A better name would be interstitial myofascial tissue receptors since they also exist abundantly in fascia... are hardly mentioned in most textbooks." [See further below for more detail and links for Schleip's findings.] ~cp 9/22/16 ]]

Some Related Links:
  ChaliceBullet20-21  Video of Drs. Chesler and Bönnemann discussing their study

  ChaliceBullet20-21  National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) on touch-sensation and self-perception,
  ChaliceBullet20-21  About the National Institutes of Health (NIH),
  ChaliceBullet20-21  The NINDS Division of Intramural Research,
  ChaliceBullet20-21  The NIH Clinical Center


NCCIH Funding Opportunities
Those found more related to this page's project's neuro/limbic systems are listed below (Sept'2018). Notes are added here and there about questions of direct applicability. And yet, might we in any case a) investigate to see just what areas may be looked into for what, and b) after the fact, look for findings that may be useful to the fascia memory related research.

Pain and Integrative Neuroscience Branch - Division of Intramural Research, NCCIH (National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health):

Research Interests— Section on Sensory Cells and Circuits:

         Alexander (Alex) Chesler, Ph.D. heads the Section on Sensory Cells and Circuits (Note above reference, "The Role of PIEZO2 in Human Mechanosensation" by Dr. Chesler ~cp). This lab is interested in the neurons and circuits of the somatosensory system and the changes that they undergo during injury and inflammation. Currently, research in the lab is focused on discovering new molecules involved in the transduction of somatosensory stimuli and studying the regions of the brain that encode innocuous versus painful stimuli. Our work centers on a class of sensory neurons (called C fibers) that encode thermal, noxious, and mechanical stimuli. To investigate these questions, we are using a variety of methods in the lab to study transgenic mice that include physiology, two-photon imaging, optogenetics, and behavior.

Research Interests— Section on Behavioral Neurocircuitry and Cellular Plasticity:
         Yarimar Carrasquillo, Ph.D. leads the Behavioral Neurocircuitry and Cellular Plasticity Section in the NCCIH Intramural Division. The main goal of the lab is to identify anatomical, molecular, and cellular mechanisms that underlie pathological pain states. Research will focus on the amygdala, a structure in the limbic brain system that plays critical roles in the modulation of tactile hypersensitivity, pain-related aversion learning, and pain-induced changes in anxiety-related behaviors in rodent models of persistent pain. [but incl. "in distinct anatomical pathways to and from the amygdala on different components" (see below) ~cp]
         We are now accepting postdoc applications! Submit your application to Dr. Yarimar Carrasquillo (yarimar.carrasquillo@nih.gov).
         Electrophysiological studies have demonstrated that increased excitability of amygdala neurons correlates with persistent pain, suggesting that hyperexcitability of neurons in the amygdala plays a critical role in the modulation of pain hypersensitivity. The specific conductance pathways affected and the molecular mechanisms underlying plasticity of the intrinsic excitability of amygdala neurons, however, are not known. In addition, the physiological role(s) of changes in the excitability of amygdala neurons to pain-related behaviors remain undefined. Research in the lab addresses these questions directly by combining behavioral, biochemical, electrophysiological, pharmacological and molecular genetic approaches.
         Parallel studies in the lab use anatomical, behavioral, electrophysiological, and optogenetic approaches to define how alterations in the excitability of amygdala neurons affect function at a circuit-level. These studies focus on evaluating the physiological impact of the modulation of neuronal excitability in distinct anatomical pathways to and from the amygdala on different components of persistent pain, including the sensory, affective and cognitive components.

Research Interests— Section on Affective Neuroscience & Pain:
         Lauren Y. Atlas, Ph.D. leads the Section on Affective Neuroscience and Pain in the NCCIH Intramural Research Program. The lab’s work focuses on characterizing the psychological and neural mechanisms by which expectations and other cognitive and affective factors influence pain, emotional experience, and clinical outcomes. Our approach is multi–modal: we integrate experimental psychology, neuroimaging, psychophysiology, computational approaches, and other interventions to understand how psychological and contextual factors influence subjective experience. Current projects focus on dissociating components of expectancy, relating pain with other types of hedonic affective responses, and understanding various forms of expectancy (e.g., placebo effects versus cue–based predictions). Long–term goals include revealing how specific features of the clinical context and interpersonal aspects influence patient outcomes, as well as determining whether expectancy–based processing is altered in specific patient populations.

Albeit the focus here would seem, at least so-far, to be in question as to whether it is more oriented on drugs or on understanding the neurosensory/limbic system, and going from there (?):
         Common Fund's Acute to Chronic Signatures Program: NIH Research Program to Explore the Transition from Acute to Chronic Pain: "...Our lack of understanding of the mechanisms of transition to chronic pain is a major gap in knowledge that limits development of effective preventive therapies. The ability to identify those at risk for transitioning to chronic pain could inform future clinical trials, improve success of trials, and transform acute pain treatment approaches for prevention of chronic pain..."
         NOTE: The General Instructions for NIH and other PHS Agencies (pdf guide) indicates contacts for the Multisite Clinical Center Common Fund, including Clinical Coordination, are with the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS), whereas the Scientific/Research contacts are with the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). Contacts for Financial/Grants Management are for both NINDS and NIDA. See "More on NIH Funding" in Lower Right Column.
         New CoEPEs Modules Released: Presented by Centers of Excellence in Pain Education
         The Interagency Pain Research Coordinating Committee, a federal advisory committee created by HHS
Elliot Krane on Pain at TED Talks, image by unknown NPR_TED_Podcast
Dr. Elliot Krane talk, "Is Pain A Symptom Or A Disease?"
at Ted Radio Hour of NPR, "Getting Better" February 10, 2017: A fascinating talk about many aspects, wonderful case reviews, concept discussions, and including all about what doctors are NOT trained about Chronic Pain - partly because not enough is known - and mentioned the NIH budget for Research on Pain (including per info in left column). Dr. Krane is Chief of Pain Management at the Packard Children's Hospital and professor of anesthesiology at the Stanford University Medical Center. "Doctors are often puzzled when pain lives on after the underlying cause goes away. Medical professor Elliot Krane explains why it can make sense to think of chronic pain as a disease." Which premise should become revised significantly (to say the least) given sufficient research into the "Fascia Memory Theory" (or equivalent).

Boomer Notes: Published by Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC) 9/14/18: "Prevalence of Chronic Pain and High-Impact Chronic Pain Among Adults" — US, 2016 And this: "According to a Wall Street Journal analysis of injury statistics, injuries to Americans in the 35- to 54-year-old age group are climbing much faster than the group's population... No. 4 on the ouch list behind only basketball, soccer and softball." -- Doug Freed in "Massage & Cycling A Winning Combination".

Relating Chronic Pain to Adrenaline, Including "old athletic injuries" but also to fascia/ body memory elements noted in the chart (earlier on this page) "illustrating the Interfaces of the Proprio-Neuro, Motor Management, Connective Tissue, Adrenal, Emotional Body Aspects.'

'The FIRST PHASE of ADRENALINE & CORTISOL dynamics set up in the musculature, that is, LONG BEFORE and leading to most actual muscle injuries, including ATHLETIC INJURIES leading many over 35 years old to complain of Old Athletic Injures & Chronic Muscle Pain. It's Never too late to how to Pay Attention, to learn Body-Awareness, Preventative Maintenance' - A Dr.F.Netter illustration revised for this adaptation by Chris Pringer, 9'18

(Thumnail Link To) Article with Chart to illustrate the EARLY dynamics of adrenaline & cortisol.     Whereas also important are the *LATER* dynamics, particularly for older athletes with too much chronic pain, who continue to reinjure themselves, increasingly as they age, as they still try to get that adrenaline running well or often enough to cover the pain. Those dynamics (including some useful means of easing or preventing that pain) are described in the articles at the Body-Mind Integration Essays page. To begin with the practical basics, please check out "Adrenaline & Athletes, Aging, & Chronic Muscle Pain". What is NOT shown here (as regards the adrenal element of chronic pain), is described (technically) in-depth, and to some degree illustrated in and via the article, "Adrenaline vs Endorphins ...Brain Activity, Sports ...Healthfully Extended Aging...".
          The (linked to) Chart is a Dr. F. Netter illustration revised for this adaptation by Chris Pringer, 9'18, Adding text, "The FIRST PHASE of ADRENALINE & CORTISOL dynamics set up in the musculature, that is, LONG BEFORE and leading to most actual muscle injuries, including ATHLETIC INJURIES leading many over 35 years old to complain of Old Athletic Injures & Chronic Muscle Pain. It's Never too late to how to Pay Attention, to learn Body-Awareness, Preventative Maintenance"
         Related but not covered in the adrenal dynamics chart/notes is about SCAR TISSUE- covered in some depth at the Tensing Yoga page. Also there is the note about the NEW information (including that regarding *stretching*), is not yet even acknowledged, let alone taught, by coaches, instructors, or even too many physical therapists, let alone doctors who mainly leave this up to the latter [per above TED Talk reference]. Considering the above [on Tensing Yoga page], we could even say that EG: The currently normally taught systems of muscle/ connective tissue maintenance, including that of stretching has -I will even say, *inadvertently* for the most part, but substantially- contributed to the increased use of pain meds and all the recently confirmed results of that...

         Current Funding Opportunities for the above: For most listed (https://commonfund.nih.gov/pain/fundingopportunities) Application Receipt Dates for Letter of Intent: 9/24/18, with Application Due Dates: 10/24/18. HOWEVER, for "Discovery of Biomarkers, Biomarker Signatures, and Endpoints for Pain (R61/R33 Clinical Trial Optional)": November 27, 2018; March 7, 2019; November 25, 2019; March 12, 2020 by 5:00 PM local time of applicant organization. However Please also NOTE these program dates (per pdf guide): Beginning of planning year: July 2019; Kick off Meeting Sept 2019; End of planning year July 2020; Beginning of recruitment July 2020*; Futility analysis July 2021; End of recruitment July 2022; End of patient assessments January 2023; Integrative publication February 2024



Seminal Research in Body Memory

   ChaliceBullet20-21     Two Leaders in the Science as applied to Body Fascia, Bodywork, and Somatic Recall (What I usually refer to as "Body Memory"), and to Healing are James L. Oschman, Ph.d. and Nora H. Oschman (see introductory section of this page). They are the authors of "Somatic Recall, Part 1 - Soft tissue memory," which continues in "... Part 2 - Soft tissue holography," and "How Healing Energy Works." They have published the book, *Readings on the Scientific Basis of Bodywork, Energetic, and Movement Therapies* - Excerpts and notes from that can be found here. Visit their Web Site at http://www.energyresearch.bizland.com/.

          Other References cited by Oschman, J.L. include: 'Structure and properties of ground substances.' American Zoologist 24(1):199-215; 1984. 'The connective tissue and myofascial systems.' Privately published manuscript; 1981. 'How does the body maintain its shape': A series of 3 articles that appeared in Rolf Lines, the news magazine for Rolf Institute members, Boulder, CO, ending with Vol. 18(1):24-25; 1989, 1990. 'Sensing solitons in soft tissues.' Guild News (Guild for Structural Integration, Boulder, CO) 3(2):22-25. 1994.

    ChaliceBullet20-21    Molecules and Emotion, by Candace B. Pert, Ph.D. Ground-breaking research discoveries. The following are (paraphrased from "Science of Self - Feelings and the Bodymind":
          Candace Pert, a molecular biologist formerly at Georgetown University, determined that the limbic (emotional) portion of the brain contains upwards of 85 percent of the neuropeptide receptors her team studied. Pert and her colleagues noticed a high concentration of these receptors "in virtually all locations where information from any of the five senses…enters the nervous system."
          The entire body might then be said, in Pert’s view, to be like a single organ with full sensing capabilities: "a far-flung, unitary, psychosomatic network". (Pert, pp. 142-143) Depending on the precise external or internal stimulus taking place at any given moment, a particular ‘information substance’ will flow through our body and bind to specific receptor sites. When this binding takes place, we feel a given feeling, encode a given memory, or are prompted to emote a certain way. (Schoen, Allen. Kindred Spirits. New York: Broadway Books, 2001, pp. 44-45) Pert conjectures that our bodily organs 'store' emotional memories based on the specific receptors they possess and the nature of the chemical messages they receive. Memory, she posits, resides in virtually every part of our body. (Pert, ibid; also O’Connor, Richard. Undoing Perpetual Stress. New York: Berkley Books, 2005, p. 331).             Many ref-links related to Candace Pert, emotion, and a new psychosomatic medicine - are at the "Links" page for "Spiritual Anatomy of Emotion" website. Also included in this page are Daniel Goleman (*Emotional Intelligence*); Richard O’Connor (*Undoing Perpetual Stress*); Candace B. Pert (*Molecules of Emotion: Why You Feel the Way You Feel*); Antonio R. Damasio (*Descartes' Error: Emotion, Reason and the Human Brain*); Marina Piano (“Mind-Body Connection”); Ken Dychtwald (*Bodymind*); Candace B. Pert, Henry E. Dreher, and Michael R. Ruff ("The Psychosomatic Network: Foundations of Mind-Body Medicine").

Selected Excerpts From Candace Pert's Talks & Publications:

     ~From a talk delivered at “Survival and Consciousness”, a symposium sponsored by the Institute for Noetic Sciences, in Washington DC, October 26-27, 1985:

        "The experiments showing the connection between emotions and the limbic system were first done by Wilder Penfield and other neurologists who worked with conscious, awake individuals."
        "In 1975 we began to map the location of opiate receptors in the brain ...We found that the limbic system was highly enriched with opiate (and other neuropeptide receptors too, we subsequently learned). The amygdala and hypothalamus, both classically considered to be the main components of the limbic system (the great physiologist, Walter B. Cannon, singled out the hypothalamus as the foremost area for emotions to hook up to the brain), are in fact blazing with opiate receptors-40-fold higher than in other areas in the brain. These hot spots correspond to very specific nuclei or cellular groups that physiological psychologists have identified as mediating such processes as sexual behavior, appetite, and water balance in the body. The main point is that our receptor-mapping confirmed and expanded in important ways the psychological experiments that defined the limbic system. We were able to overlay a biochemistry of specific neuropeptides to brain regions implicated in the expression of emotions and behaviors."
        "...A hormone presumably was stored in one place in the body, then travelled over to its receptors in other parts of the body. A prime example of a hormone is insulin... In short, it has become increasingly clear that the limbic system, the classical seat of emotions in the brain, is also the focal point of receptors for neuropeptides, some of which were first identified as hormones."

        "...Equally important is the fact that neuropeptide receptors are not just in the brain, they are also in the body. We have mapped and shown biochemically that there are angiotensin receptors in the kidney identical to those in the brain, and in a way that is not yet quite understood, the kidney located receptors conserve water in the body. We know that they play with the ion fluxes so that water is conserved. [AND thus transmission potentials in the fascia? Note: There are topics in research of liquid crystallinity, electric and magnetic fields further below. ~cp] The point is that the release of the neuropeptide angiotensin leads both to the behavior of drinking and to the internal conservation of water. Here is an example of how a neuropeptide - which perhaps corresponds to a mood state - can integrate what happens in the body with what happens in the brain."
        "...Another critical point. As we have studied the distribution of these receptors, we have found that the limbic system is not just in the forebrain, in the classical locations of the amygdala and the hypothalamus. It appears that the body has other places in which many different neuropeptide receptors are located- places where there is a lot of chemical action. We have call these hot spots “nodal points”, and they are anatomically located at places that receive and process a lot of emotional information. One nodal point is the dorsal (back) horn of the spinal cord, which is the place that sensory information enters the central nervous system. This is the first synapse within the brain where touch-sensory information is processed. We have found that for virtually all the senses for which we know the entry area, this location is always a nodal point for neuropeptide receptors."

        "...The striking pattern of neuropeptide receptor distribution in mood-regulating areas of brain, as well as their role in mediating communication throughout the whole organism, makes neuropeptides the obvious candidates for the biochemical mediation of emotion. It may be too that each neuropeptide biases information processing uniquely, when occupying receptors at nodal points with the brain and body. If so, then each neuropeptide may evoke a unique "tone" that is equivalent to a mood state."
        "...As we have seen, neuropeptides are signaling molecules. They send messages all over the body (including the brain). Of course, to have such a communications network, you need components that can talk to each other and listen to each other. In the situation we are discussing here, the components that “talk” are the neuropeptides, and the components that "hear" are the neuropeptide receptors. How can this be? How can 50 to 60 neuropeptides be produced, float around, and talk to 50 or 60 types of listening receptors which are on a variety of cells? Why does order rather than chaos reign? It has to do with the specificity, the selectivity of the receptors, not their direct wiring, not neuron to neuron."
        "...I note in passing that the receptors are quite capable of changing their conformations within the cell membranes, which can occur at a very rapid pace - so rapid that it’s hard to tell whether it is in one state or another at a given moment in time. In other words, receptors have both a wave-like and a particle character, and it is important to note that information can be stored in the form of time spent in different states."
        "Based on these findings, I am going to suggest that neuropeptides and their receptors form an information network within the body. Perhaps this suggestion sounds fairly innocuous, but its implications are far reaching. I believe that neuropeptides and their receptors are a key to understanding how mind and body are interconnected and how emotions can be manifested throughout the body. Indeed, the more we know about neuropeptides, the harder it is to think in the traditional terms of a mind and a body. It makes more and more sense to speak of a single integrated entity, a 'bodymind.'"

   From "Neuropeptides and their Receptors: A Psychosomatic Network," J Immunology, 1985 (135:820s-826s) Pert, C.B., M.R. Ruff, R.J. Weber, and M. Herkenham:

        "...Fundamental feature of neuropeptide receptors-enrichment at “nodal points”: nodal points in the limbic system of brain. A fundamental feature shared by all neuropeptide receptors whose brain distribution has been well studied is profound enrichment at a number of the same brain areas. Many of these neuropeptide receptor-rich areas can be found within an intercommunicating conglomerate of brain structures classically termed “the limbic system,” (17, 18), which is considered to mediate emotional behavior: in unanesthetized humans undergoing brain stimulation as a preclude to surgery for epilepsy, far-ranging emotional expression can be elicited by stimulation of cortex near the amygdala, the core of the limbic system."
        "...Numerous recent studies have shown that it is the rule rather than the exception that sites of neuropeptide storage in brain lack physical juxtaposition with their receptors: thus the classical, closely juxtaposed synapse between the neurotransmitter acetylcholine and its receptor on skeletal muscle is not at all typical of neuropeptides."
        [ I include the above quote only to note that, at the time of this research, had there been any corrolary research with neuropeptides and myofascial connective tissue, this would've been a great place to include a note, if only as an aside. Granted, Pert was not doing research in microtubules, but what if Candace Pert and Stuart Hameroff had put their minds together? Or if Stuart Hameroff and Dr. Daniel Siegel would? AND to thank Floyd M, who the question (in email) of whether the orientation of tubulin monomers along the microtubules [in connective tissue] might have been found related to the action of neuropeptides (Apr'17). More on this just below. ~cp ]
        "...There are subsets of immune cells that make beta endorphins, for example, and the other opiate peptides. In other words, they are making the same chemicals that we conceive of as controlling mood in the brain. They control the tissue integrity of the body, and they also make chemicals that control mood. ...The functional integration of the body's cells (55) through networks of neuropeptides and their receptors (56) would be expected to be critical to the health of the organism as a whole."
        "...Hemopoietic stem cells have been identified in the CNS (48), and the brain, only 10% of whose cells are neurons, is extensively populated by cells of macrophage derivation, the microglia. Other glial cells produce, in situ, hormones such as IL-1 (49, 50) which have been largely studied as immunologic factors. IL-1 has profound effects on CNS function, including thermoregulation and sleep induction, and therefore may have receptor sites within the CNS where it may function as a neuropeptide. Immune hormones, like the interleukins or interferons, may be precursors for peptides which act within the brain to also alter behavior. Macrophages are capable of transition from one body compartment to another and as such could serve as a kind of "mobile synapse," conveying information from one body compartment to another through a physical translocation, a concept commonly applied to intra-immune system communication (51)."

Q & A of Relationship between the Dynamics of Neuropeptides, Microtubules, and Somatic Recall (April 2017):

Floyd M. Emailed a great question:
          "I read Pert's Molecules book and loved that and was curious if you have found any information (maybe this is on your site and I overlooked it) on the interplay between the neuropeptides body/mind and the fascia of the body. It seems that Pert was pretty ardent that the emotions can trigger these body/mind states that can be stored as memories depending on orientation of receptor on cell sites. I also read on the cell memory article that "Similarly, information is stored as the orientation of tubulin monomers along microtubule." And so it seems that there is information stores along various parts of the body, both in the information itself, e.g. DNA, and the orientation of receptors and tubulin monomers." My question, if this is still somewhat clear, is have you found a link between the way memories are stored in the fascia and somatic recall is possible from their manipulation and the way memories are stored via Pert's theory of neuropeptides?"

   My Interpretation of the question:
         Seems this is the question: Have I found a link between a) the way memories are stored in the fascia [and by thus, some of us assume that] somatic recall is possible via manipulation [as per the Oschmans' research, that information is stored as the orientation of the tubulin monomers along the microtubules"], and b) the way memories are stored via Pert's theory of neuropeptides.
   My Response:

         First lets clarify that Oschman found that Hameroff refers (more specifically) to the position of attachment of the “microtubule associated proteins” or MAP's attached to the microtubule. Hameroff describes how this dynamic forms sets of information, and then talks about the "depolymerization of microtubules." Says that cells "will not be able to retain information for long periods, in contrast to tissues that have a low rate of cellular 'turn-over.'"
         But the question of whether neuropeptides have anything to do with HOW those "MAP's" are formed or set-up do not seem to looked into by Pert and crew- possibly because their research preceded the discovery or nomaclating of those particular "MAP's." Possibly because after 1995 Pert focused so much on the Immune system (and HIV/AIDS) as they found related to that system's neuropeptide receptors circulating throughout the body, but sans to the muscle cells so much as the internal organs, let alone the memory dynamics therein [See the (extensive but chronological listing) of Pert & Related References: http://candacepert.com/library/].

         So, as far as I can find so far, the answer to your question would be that Pert did not find that connection. I'm guessing that Hameroff has. ...Much of her key discoveries (or those most related to our focus) were actually prior to 1990!
         Whereas in the last year I have been focusing on the research by whom it seems has taken up a sword most related, that being Dr. Daniel Siegel. [n.4/6/17]

         On the other hand, Just how those neuropeptides DO relate to the microtubules is probably covered well by Hameroff [somewhere] and I/we should find that. Meanwhile, how those changes are recorded, thus establishing memory... Note that also in the (same) Oschman article, JZ Young's concept of memory is briefed, and this his is probably the source of the information I learned in massage school long ago - about the fascia acting like saran wrap to store a physical record of changes. It is from here that I extrapolated to form the "Fascia Memory Theory (1994+)." And in the chart on that page, the neuropeptides are very likely (of course) key to communications described in support of that theory. Pardon me if I digress somewhat.
         Thank you for raising this question and contacting me !!!

         [Adding here...] In restating Floyd's question, I skipped the part about "somatic recall [being] possible" - apologies, and that is addressed more directly in the next paragraph. Considering Pert was not doing research in microtubules, we could dream about Candace Pert and Stuart Hameroff collaborating on that question, or wonder/ask(?) if Stuart Hameroff and Dr. Daniel Siegel would? And they with those inspired by the great work of the Oschmans for the somatic recall element. Including their and others' more recent work noted in the "Research in Water and Fascia" section), including that of Drs. Chesler and Bönnemann in "More Recent Related Scientific Research" section above, Robert Schleip's "Fascial mechanoreceptors and their potential role in deep tissue manipulation," and others noted in the "Research in Fascia" and "Research in Water & Fascia" sections below. [In my brief but staccato shotgun approach with the search engine, I could find NO reference as useful (for that question) with search words, "Hameroff + emotion" or "Hameroff + neuropeptides" and related combo's (So apparently Hameroff has not gone there yet!)...

         But, yes, I'm guessing or further theorizing that there IS a very important relationship between the neuropeptides, the orientation of the "MAP," and the "management" (if you will) of mechanoreceptors/proprioceptors - and very likely other neural transmissions from the point of time such a dynamic is initiated and until the components (noted per the Fascia Memory Theory) are "reset" (in the release of emotional storage). And the dynamics of this reseting of the proprioceptors (overall therapeutic), whether temporarily or permanently, in the storage and/or release of memory information, is the heart of the "Body-Mind Integration Essays" page. There is a ~cp]


   ChaliceBullet20-21    Appreciating the Findings of Mae-Wan Ho:
          Scientific Confirmation?: When scanning through web pages (Nov '00) I felt I had finally found the big one... it seemed to perfectly resonate with - and scientifically support to a great degree - what I have seen/felt and which led me to write the "theory" (on Theory page): "The Acupuncture System and The Liquid Crystalline Collagen Fibres of the Connective Tissues" by Mae-Wan Ho, director of Institute of Science in Society (ISIS at www.i-sis.org). Her assembly of research material, some of it her own, virtually creates the scientific support infrastructure for the Fascia Memory Theory. Her interests include conductivity, resonance or 'coherence', and healing via cellular alignment. Here's a series of excerpts from "The Acupuncture System and The Liquid Crystalline Collagen Fibres of the Connective Tissues":
          "According to Becker (1990), the DC body field is not located in the nervous system itself, but in "perineural" tissues such as the glial cells in the brain and spinal cord, and the schwann cells encasing the peripheral nerves. This hypothesis would seem to conflict with the suggestion that the DC body field is correlated with the acupuncture system. ...Also, an electrodynamical field can be detected in all early embryos and in plants and animals which do not have neural or perineural tissues (Burr and Northrup, 1935). It is likely that the DC field is functionally interconnected with the nervous system, and yet exists, to a large degree, outside the nervous system. In fact, it is widely recognized that under a variety of conditions, the speed of communication in our body is much faster than can be accounted for by the known speed of nerve conduction (see Ho, 1997a), and nerves simply do not reach all parts of our body. ...we recently discovered that the living continuum is liquid crystalline, with all the properties that make liquid crystals ideal for intercommunication (Ho et al, 1996; Ho, 1997a). [various important lead-up points & references skipped]... Liquid crystals typically undergo rapid changes in orientation or phase transitions when exposed to electric (and magnetic) fields - which is why they are widely used in display screens. They also respond to changes in temperature, hydration, shear forces and pressure. Biological liquid crystals carry static electric charges and are therefore also influenced by pH, salt concentration and dielectric constant of the solvent (Collings, 1990; Knight and Feng, 1993). [various important lead-up points & references skipped] ...It is already widely recognized that all the major constituents of living organisms may be liquid crystalline (Collings, 1990) - lipids of cellular membranes, DNA, possibly all proteins, especially cytoskeletal proteins, muscle proteins, and proteins in the connective tissues such as collagens and proteoglycans (Bouligand, 1972; Giraud-Guille, 1992; Knight and Feng, 1993). Recent nuclear magnetic resonance (nmr) studies of muscles in living human subjects provide evidence of their "liquid-crystalline-like" structure (Kreis and Boesch, 1994). [various important lead-up points & references skipped] ...Hardy suggested in 1927 that molecular orientation may be important for living protoplasm, and Peters, two years later, made the explicit link between molecular orientation and liquid crystals. Needham, indeed, proposed that organisms actually are liquid crystalline. But direct evidence for that has only recently been provided by Ho and coworkers ( Ho and Lawrence, 1993; Ho and Saunders, 1994; Ho et al, 1996). who successfully imaged live organisms using an interference colour technique that amplifies weak birefringences typical of biological liquid crystals."

More References from Mae Won Ho   [for excerpt included above and other pages at this site]
NOTE: My research leads me to believe that the above noted article ("The Acupuncture System and The Liquid Crystalline Collagen Fibres of the Connective Tissues"), otherwise extremely difficult to find now (2009), has been revised and much expanded into the following article: Organism and Psyche in a Participatory Universe, (particularly pertinent here would be the sections, "The coherence of brain and body consciousness" and "Quantum coherence and brain consciousness") by Mae-Wan Ho, (Bioelectrodynamic Laboratory, Open University, Walton Hall Milton Keynes, MK7 6AA, U.K., Tel. 01908-65-3113; Fax. 01908-654167). The original article was previously at http://www.i-sis.org/lcm.shtml, but (for now I am republishing it at my site . Related Article: "Coherent Energy, Liquid Crystallinity and Acupuncture" - Talk presented to British Acupuncture Society by Mae-Wan Ho, 2 October, 1999. Also to note is her essay, "Bioenergetics and Biocommunication."  Most of Mae-Wan Ho's work can be found via Institute of Science in Society (ISIS at www.i-sis.org), which she is the director of.

[More on the topics of liquid crystallinity in "Water & Fascia" further below.]
The Rainbow and the Worm, The Physics of Organisms
The Rainbow and the Worm, The Physics of Organisms
"Probably the Most Important Book for the Coming Scientific Revolution" Now in its Third Edition. by Mae-Wan Ho, Director, Institute of Science in Society

Microtubules, Ordered States, & Consciousness

Roger Penrose & Stuart Hameroff

   ChaliceBullet20-21  Roger Penrose: Shadows of the Mind (1994, Oxford University Press) - Renrose is a physicist/mathematician. He presents microtubules as the basic unit of the brain and the possible site where collective quantum effects occur, resulting in the experience of consciousness. (See chapter, "Quantum Theory and the Brain")
        ChaliceBullet20-21  The quantum brain page (Microtubules, QResonance, etc),
        ChaliceBullet20-21  Quantum Physics, Coherance, and Consciousness,
        ChaliceBullet20-21  Microtubules Directory Page

   ChaliceBullet20-21  Stuart Hameroff, author of *Toward a Science of Consciousness*:
        ChaliceBullet20-21  Biological Coherence and Response to External Stimuli (1988, Springer Verlag), by Herbert Frohlick; Chapter, "Coherence in the Cytoskeleton: Implications for Biological Information processing," by contributor S. R. Hameroff. Hameroff is an anaesthesiologist at the University of Arizona, and mentions electret, Piezo and Piezoelectric effects. Other citations by Hameroff include: Molecular automata in microtubules: Basic computational logic of the living state? In: Artificial Life, SFI Studies in the sciences of complexity. Vol. VI. Edited by C. Langton, Addison-Weslley, Redwood City, CA, p.521-553;Hameroff, S., S. Rasmussen, and B. Mansson, 1988; Jibu M, Hagan S, Pribram K, Hameroff SR, Yasue K: Quantum optical coherence in cytoskeletal microtubules: implications for brain function. BioSystems, 32:195-209, 1994. and...
        ChaliceBullet20-21  "Cytoplasmic Gel States and Ordered Water: Possible Roles in Biological Quantum Coherence," Stuart Hameroff; Proceedings of the 2nd Annual Advanced Water Sciences Symposium, Dallas, TX, 1996 (forthcoming) on the web at:
        ChaliceBullet20-21  "Quantum Consciousness" Stuart Hameroff and Microtubules — Nature's Quantum Computers? and Dendritic spine showing microtubule interacting with membrane receptors
        ChaliceBullet20-21  The 'Superradiance" property of "is an effect which can convert disordered energy of various kinds into coherent electromagnetic energy. This was apparently first described by R.H. Dicke in 1954, in an article in Physical Review (Volume 93, 1, page 99, January 1954)."
        ChaliceBullet20-21  The "Self-induced transparency" property of Microtubules "is a self focusing optical phenomenon. Along with superradiance it might manifest in the context of ordered water in the hollow microtubule core, allowing coherent photons to propagate coherently..."
        ChaliceBullet20-21  On Stuart Hameroff at the Huffington Post Recent articles include: "'Collision Course' in the Science of Consciousness: Grand Theories to Clash at Tucson Conference" by Deepak Chopra, May 18, 2014
Roger Penrose & Stuart Hameroff
         Roger Penrose had published his first book on consciousness, The Emperor's New Mind.[3] On the basis of Gödel's incompleteness theorems, he argued that the brain could perform functions that no computer or system of algorithms could. From this it could follow that consciousness itself might be fundamentally non-algorithmic, and incapable of being modeled...
         Stuart Hameroff was inspired by Penrose's book to contact Penrose regarding his own theories about the mechanism of anesthesia, and how it specifically targets consciousness via action on neural microtubules. The two met in 1992, and Hameroff suggested that the microtubules were a good candidate site for a quantum mechanism in the brain. Penrose was interested in the mathematical features of the microtubule lattice, and over the next two years the two collaborated in formulating the orchestrated objective reduction (Orch-OR) model of consciousness. Following this collaboration, Penrose published his second consciousness book, Shadows of the Mind.
     [Above from Wikipedia's page on Stuart Hameroff]

Sir Roger Penrose and Stuart Hameroff [at Elsevier.Com] discuss how the discovery of quantum vibrations in 'microtubules' corroborates the theory of consciousness:
    A few excerpts:
         Penrose: Other theories consider consciousness to be due to complex computation among brain neurons. We think consciousness and understanding are not really just computation, but require something else, some type of quantum physical process intrinsic to the universe.
         Hameroff: Biologically, these quantum processes occur at a deeper level, smaller, faster scale inside brain neurons, in protein structures called microtubules which seem to be natural quantum resonators, and can store and process memory and information.
... ... ...
         Hameroff: Classical science sees neuronal firings and synaptic connections as basic bits, or information states in the brain. And billions of dollars are going to mapping all these connections in the hope to capture the essential feature of brain function - consciousness. This brain mapping may be missing the point entirely. We should be mapping deeper levels of scale, into the quantum vibrations in microtubules and other biomolecules. And therapeutically, stimulating microtubule resonances, for example with ultrasound megahertz vibrations, appears clinically useful in psychiatric, neurological and cognitive disorders. For example, in Alzheimer's disease, brain neuronal microtubules fall apart,'and brain ultrasound may put them back together.

         The above discussion in February of 2014 followed the (January 2014 Elsevier.Com publication) "Discovery of Quantum Vibrations in “Microtubules” Inside Brain Neurons Corroborates Controversial 20-Year-Old Theory of Consciousness"

Question by the web page author/editor: What if at least one function or extension of such mapping capability, as Hameroff refers to, is to communicate the fascia stored memory data to the brain, and that's not to say there isn't a response of some sort back to the fascia, ie: in relationship for codification for memory access and process management and coordination in/with the fascia of the musculature (as well as internal organs) - per such as the "Fascia Memory Theory" suggests ? [~cp]


Research in Fascia
    (Physiology & Related Anatomy, Micro-Biology, Bio-Mechanics, Therapy, Research, Etc)

       ChaliceBullet20-21  FACILITATING RESEARCH IN FASCIA: "Sheet Plastination- a Powerful Research Tool for the Macro-microscopic Configuration of the Fibrous Connective Tissue" Ming Zhang, MB, MMed, PhD
          ...RESULTS Sheet plastination provides a new approach to elucidate the architecture of the fibrous connective tissue at macroscopic and microscopic levels and can trace the configuration of dense and loose connective tissues because it retains all of the structures in their “living” position, while different types of tissues (fatty and fibrous connective tissue and muscular tissue) are still clearly distinguishable ...CONCLUSION Sheet plastination is a powerful research tool for the macro-microscopic configuration of the fibrous connective tissue.

      ChaliceBullet20-21  First International Fascia Research Congress (www.fascia2007.com):
          Excerpt from Science Magazine, Nov 23, 2007:
          "The meeting ...would be the first dedicated to the soft part of the body's connective tissue system — an important but medically neglected organ. It would bring together top scientists from fields as diverse as cell biology and biophysics, but it would also include alternative medicine practitioners.
          "...This conference was a first venture within the field of the human fasciae to bring together scientists and clinicians and it was not at all certain that getting these two diverse groups together would satisfy everyone or produce constructive collaboration. ...Yet, by the end of the second day, it was obvious there was a meeting of minds. So much so that a leading researcher in biomechanics, Peter Huijing, PhD, of Vrije Unvesiteit in Amsterdam has agreed to help organize the ... conference in Amsterdam in 2009..."

      ChaliceBullet20-21  Abstracts are/were available via the Abstracts 2007 and Abstracts 2009 and Abstracts 2012. These include Robert Schleip's "Fascial mechanoreceptors and their potential role in deep tissue manipulation" Excerpt, "Fascial plasticity - a new neurobiological explanation," Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies 7(1):11-19 and 7(2):104-116 (2003). About fascia (connective tissue) as densely innervated by mechanoreceptors and effected by "self-regulatory dynamics": "...Fascia and the autonomic nervous system appear to be intimately connected. A change in attitude in myofascial practitioners from a mechanical perspective" is suggested. And "...of special interest in relation to fibromyalgia ...An attitudinal shift is suggested, from a mechanical body concept towards a cybernetic model, in which the practitioner's intervention are seen as stimulation [toward an inclusion of the self-regulatory dynamics of the nervous system ] within the client's organism." And "Additionally smooth muscle cells have been discovered in fascia, which seem to be involved in active fascial contractility. Fascia and the autonomic nervous system appear to be intimately connected." [!!! Editor's note: I found this abstract to be the MOST related to innervation (per the theory page here). It mentions what are now known to be the largest group of (type III & IV) sensory nerve fibers, now commonly called interstitial muscle receptors. "A better name would be interstitial myofascial tissue receptors since they also exist abundantly in fascia... are hardly mentioned in most textbooks." -cp]

      Also SEE section "More Recent Related Scientific Research" for elaborated descriptions of the following and many related links:
          ChaliceBullet20-21  "How A 'Sixth Sense' Helps Simone Biles Fly, And The Rest Of Us Walk" Heard on http://www.npr.org/programs/all-things-considered/2016/09/22/494987882 By Jon Hamilton, September 21, 2016
          ChaliceBullet20-21  "The Role of PIEZO2 in Human Mechanosensation" New England Journal of Medicine Alexander T. Chesler, et al. September 14, 2016, DOI: 10.1056/NEJMoa1602812
          ChaliceBullet20-21  Video of Drs. Chesler and Bönnemann discussing their study

The Continuity Of The Connective Tissue As Integrating Matrix:
Overlooked Implications in Fascia Research?

"The Architecture of the Connective Tissue in the Musculoskeletal System — An Often Overlooked Functional Parameter as to Proprioception in the Locomotor Apparatus"
~ Jaap van der Wal, MD, PhD; Int J Ther Massage Bodywork. 2009; 2(4): 9–23.
Published online 2009 Dec 7.; PMCID: PMC3091473

Topic Headers include:
             "Continuity and Connectivity—Connective Tissue as Matrix" and "Spatial Distribution of Mechanoreceptors as Functional Parameter" and "Proprioception—Not Only a Matter of Anatomy, but Also of Architecture"

             "The architecture of the connective tissue [with emphasis on] ***the continuity of the connective tissue as integrating matrix of the body*** ...including [within] structures such as fasciae, sheaths, and membranes ...is more important for understanding functional meaning than is more traditional anatomy.
             "...A mutual relationship exists between structure (and function) of the mechanoreceptors and the architecture of the muscular and regular dense connective tissue. Both are instrumental in the coding of proprioceptive information to the central nervous system. ...Considerations such as “architecture versus anatomy (topography),” mutatis mutandis may also apply for the spatial organization of mechanoreceptors, the morphologic substrate for proprioception. ...Mechanoreceptors are in fact free nerve endings (FNEs), whether or not equipped with specialized end organs. The main stimulus for such receptors is deformation. Variation exists as to the microarchitecture of the ending."
             "...The connective tissue anatomy and architecture exhibits two functional tendencies that are present in all areas of the body in different ways and relationships. In body cavities, the “disconnecting” quality of shaping space enables mobility; between organs and body parts, the “connecting” dimension enables functional mechanical interactions. In the musculoskeletal system, those two features of the connective tissue are also present. They cannot be found by the usual analytic dissection procedures. An architectural description is necessary.
             "...The discrimination between so-called joint receptors and muscle receptors is an artificial distinction when function is considered. Mechanoreceptors, also the so-called muscle receptors, are arranged in the context of force circumstances—that is, of the architecture of muscle and connective tissue rather than of the classical anatomic structures such as muscle, capsules, and ligaments.
             "...In principle, because of the architecture, receptors can also be stimulated by changes in muscle tension without skeletal movement, or by skeletal movement without change in muscle tension."


A Question of WHICH SENSOR pathways Relay "Fascia Memory"(?)
     In "The Sensory Neurons of Touch" (2013)" some questions are brought up toward the end of the article, that might point us in some productive directions(?), some of which are included below. Thanks to research by Victoria E. Abraira and David D. Ginty, The Solomon H. Snyder Department of Neuroscience, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA

         [The article is about] "...lowthreshold mechanoreceptors (LTMRs) Here, we review the properties and functions of LTMRs, emphasizing the unique tuning properties of LTMR subtypes and the organizational logic of their peripheral and central axonal projections."
         "...A major obstacle in elucidating dorsal horn circuits related to innocuous touch pertains to the difficulty in recognizing distinct populations of deep dorsal horn interneurons. (pg. 630)
         "...Projection neurons constitute a very small fraction (<1%) of neurons of the dorsal horn and are found in lamina I and scattered throughout lamina III–VI. Though few in numbers, dorsal horn projection neurons comprise ascending output pathways of the spinal cord and therefore play essential roles in interpreting and propagating LTMR information to the brain. (pg. 630)
         "...The lack of markers for pre- and postsynaptic partners in LTMR-associated dorsal horn circuits has hampered progress in understanding of LTMR inputs onto long-range projection neurons. (pg. 632)
         "...C- and Ad-LTMRs projections, however, terminate within laminae IIiv/III, making them likely presynaptic candidates for at least some of the morphological cell types found in the substantia gelatinosa (Li et al., 2011; Light et al., 1979; Seal et al., 2009; Sugiura et al., 1986). Indeed, a subset of Islet cells that receive C fiber input conveys tactile rather than nociceptive information, making them candidate postsynaptic targets of C-LTMRs (Light et al., 1979; Lu and Perl, 2003; Re` thelyi et al., 1989). Furthermoreboth C-LTMRs and Ad-LTMR inputs overlap extensively with PKCg+ interneurons, a morphologically diverse group of excitatory interneurons found in lamina IIi and III, that under normal conditions are activated by innocuous stimuli (Li et al., 2011; Neumann et al., 2008). Thus, PKCg+ interneurons are prime candidate postsynaptic targets of C-LTMRs and Ad-LTMRs. Much less is known about candidate postsynaptic partners of Ab-LTMR subtypes. There is some evidence that GABAergic interneurons in superficial lamina receive monosynaptic input from low-threshold Ab primary afferents (Daniele and MacDermott, 2009)." (pg. 632)

Research in Water and Fascia
   ChaliceBullet20-21  "New Hypotheses on the Hydration of Collagen," James L. Oschman, Ph.D., Source: Fascia Congress 2012 ...RESULTS: Highly ordered collagenous structures yield X-ray diffraction and nuclear magnetic resonance images showing precise fits with chains of water molecules. Because of the high degree of order, the water molecules are also regarded as a body-wide liquid crystalline system primarily oriented along the body’s vertical axis (c). Protein and hydration layers form a dynamically coherent unit extending throughout the body. Further research shows that there are about 3-4 layers of water molecules surrounding each collagen molecule (d). CONCLUSION: Recent research has revealed profoundly important quantum effects and relationships in structures such as these: an ability to trap environmental electromagnetic fields; an ability of interfascial water layers to act as batteries (Pollack); and an ability to release quasi-free anti-oxidant electrons that control inflammation and power redox reactions. James L. Oschman, Ph.D., Nature’s Own Research Association, PO Box 1935, Dover, NH
   ChaliceBullet20-21  Leon Chaitow's Series of Articles About Research in Water and Fascia
   ChaliceBullet20-21  Current Research in Water and Fascia- Micro-tornadoes, hydrogenated diamonds & nanocrystals By Leon Chaitow, ND, DO. A resource reference-packed article that serves as an index and guide to this growing topic and it's array of expanding implications. "The speed with which research is uncovering the secrets of fascia is mind-boggling...!"
   ChaliceBullet20-21  Cell-matrix adhesion sites appear to host a "mechanosensory switch" as they transmit forces from the ECM to the cytoskeleton, and vice versa, triggering internal signals following mechanical stimulation, such as occurs in manual therapy.
   ChaliceBullet20-21  There appear to be forms of communication within the fascial matrix, for example caused by tugging in the mucopolysaccharides, created by twisting acupuncture needles.
   ChaliceBullet20-21  Water can be viewed as a 'designer fluid' in living cells."
   ChaliceBullet20-21  Pollack GH, et al. Water and the Cell (book). Springer, 2006. (at Amazon)
          This book deals with the role of water in cell function. Though long recognized to be central to cell function, water's role has not received the attention lately that it deserves. This book brings the role of water front and central. It presents the most recent work of the leading authorities on the subject, culminating in a series of sometimes astonishing observations. Water is a subject of interest to virtually everyone. It is becoming increasingly important in health therapy, in the environment, in chemistry and physics, and certainly in cells. Thus, this groundbreaking volume will be of great interest to a broad audience, well beyond those in biology alone.
          [Key Phrases] - Statistically Improbable Phrases (SIPs): (learn more) vicinal hydration, inner water compartment, hydration compartments, methacrylate monomer units, extrovert models, most hydrophobic face, normal liquid water, interconnecting chain segments, following hypotonic shock, pressure pixel, water structure changes, frog muscle cells, fixed sulfates, vicinal water, water moieties, globular component, hydrophobic tip, percolative transition, migrating protons, curve fit analysis, low density water, multilayer theory, unexposed cells, water structuring, inverse temperature transition
          [Key Phrases] - Capitalized Phrases (CAPs): (learn more) New York, Phys Chem, Pacific Press, Protein Data Bank, Physiol Chem Phys, Academic Press, Mol Biol, Rieske Iron Protein, Structure File, Proc Natl Acad Sci, San Antonio, Cell Biol Int, Plant Physiol, Plenum Press, Biol Chem, Colloid Interface Sci, Jacques Benveniste, Amer Chem Soc, Cambridge University Press, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Adv Protein Chem, Drost Hansen, Proc Nail Acad Sci, World Scientific, Biochim Biophys Acta


Other Key References on Cellular Memory, Engrams, and supportive Cell Biophysics Research
(w/o Links here; more or less sorted)
   ChaliceBullet20-21  Young, J.Z., 1975. The life of Mammals. Their Anatomy and Physiology. 2nd Edition, Clarendon Press, Oxford. Re: plasticity of connective tissue and it's ability to store information. See account of this in "Somatic Recall" reference above, wherein Oschman states that Paul Weiss (see below reference) studied and documented the phenomenon that Young described.
   ChaliceBullet20-21  Microcosmos (1986, Simon & Schuster Pub.), by Lynn Margulis & Dorian Sagan. (chapters 8 & 9)
   ChaliceBullet20-21  Capra, F., 1982. The turning point. Simon and Schuster, New York.
   ChaliceBullet20-21  The Holographic Universe, by Michael Talbot, includes a very readable description of holographic memory theory (summarized in "Somatic Recall" Part II).
   ChaliceBullet20-21  Garden of Microbial Delights (1993, Kendall Hunt Pub.), by Lynn Margulis & Dorian Sagan. Introduces "symbiosis" and mitochondria.
   ChaliceBullet20-21  Wilder Penfield discovered that electrical stimulation for particular areas on the brain surface caused patients to re-experience "memories" from the past; "flashbacks". Concluded that all experiences recorded in brain. [Penfield, W., 1975. The mystery of the mind: A critical study of consciousness and the human brain. Princeton University Press, Princeton, J.J.] This later led to theory of "engrams", or memory traces stored as neural patterns of neural discharge in specific areas of the brain - so far never found, even by Karl Lashley, "distinguished Harvard psychologist who spent virtually his entire scientific career, 30 years, in an unsuccessful search for the engram." [Lashley, K., 1950. In search of the engram, in Physiological Mechanisms in Animal Behaviour, New York, Academic Press, pp.454-482.] Karl Pribram was student of Lashley.
   ChaliceBullet20-21  Pribram, K.,1969. The neurophysiology of remembering. Scientific American (January issue) 220:75;
   ChaliceBullet20-21  Pribram, K., 1977. Languages of the brain. Wadsworth Publishing, Monterey, CA.
   ChaliceBullet20-21  Pietsch, P., 1981. Shufflebrain. The quest for the holographic mind. Houghton Mifflin, Boston. Book details his research (incl. 700 operations on salamander brains) attempting to disprove Pribrams theories re: Holographic Memory and implications for the brain, but ended up convincing himself of its accuracy. [noted in 2nd article, p.78 Massage Therapy Journal, Fall 95].
   ChaliceBullet20-21  van Heerden, P., 1970. Models for the brain. nature (July 25) 227:410-411.

   ChaliceBullet20-21  Gabor, D., 1972. Holography, 1948-1971. Science 177:299-313.
   ChaliceBullet20-21  Julesz, B. and K.S. Pennington, 1965. Equidistributional information mapping: An analogy to holograms and memory. Journal of the Optical Society of America 55:604. [noted in/quoted from 2nd article, p.73 Massage Therapy Journal, Fall 95: "...made explicit suggestion that memory is stored in the brain as interference patterns comparable to those used in holography."]
   ChaliceBullet20-21  Collier, J., C.B. Burckhardt, and L. H. Lin, 1971. Optical holography. New York, Academic Press.
   ChaliceBullet20-21  Pollen, D.A. and M.C. Tractenberg, 1972. Alpha rhythm and eye movements in eidetic imagery. Nature (May 12) 237:109.
   ChaliceBullet20-21  DeValois, K.K. and R.L. DeValois 1980. Spatial vision. Annual Review of Psychology 31:309-341.
   ChaliceBullet20-21  DeValois, K.K., R.L. DeValois, and W.W. Yund, 1979. Responses of striate cortex cells to grating and checkerboard patterns. journal of Physiology 291:483:050;
   ChaliceBullet20-21  Squire, L.R., Memory and Brain.
   ChaliceBullet20-21  Jablonka, P., in Hameroff, 1987. Ultimate computing: biomolecular consciousness and nanotechnology. elsevier-North Holland, Amsterdam.
   ChaliceBullet20-21  Allen, J.J., S.F. Cleary, and A.E. Sowers, 1994, Charge and field effects in biosystems-4. World Scientific, New jersey.
   ChaliceBullet20-21  Basset, C.A.L., 1968. Biologic significance of peizo-electricity. Calcified Tissue Research, 1:252-272.

   ChaliceBullet20-21  Burns, R.B., 1978. Spatial organization of the microtubule associated proteins of reassembled brain microtubules. Journal of Ultrastructure Research 65:73-82;
   ChaliceBullet20-21  Geuens, g., G.G. Gundersen, R. Neydens, F. Cornelissen, V.C. Buklinski, and M. DeBrabander, 1986. Ultrastructural colocalization of tyrosinated and nontyronsinated alpha tubulin in interphase and mitotic cells. Journal of Cell Biology 103(5):1883-1893.
   ChaliceBullet20-21  Endler, P.C. and Jj. Schulte, eds., 1994. Ultra high dilution physiology and physics. Kluwer Academic,Dordrecht, The Netherlands.
   ChaliceBullet20-21  Frohlich, H., ed., 1988. Biological coherence and response to external stimuli. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
   ChaliceBullet20-21  Popp, F.A., H.H. Li, and Q. Gu, 1992. Recent advances in biophoton research and its applications. world Scientific, Singapore;
   ChaliceBullet20-21  Popp, F.A., B. Ruth, W. Bahr, J. Bohm, P. Grab, G. Grolig, M. Rattermeyer, H.G. Schmidt, and P. Wulle, 1981. Emission of visible and ultraviolet radiation by active biological systems. Collective Phenomena 3:187-214;
   ChaliceBullet20-21  Weiss, P., 1961. The biological foundation of wound repair. Harvey Lectures 55:13-42.
   ChaliceBullet20-21  Webb, S.J. and M.E. Stoneham, 1977. Resonances between 10[2the10th] and 10[2the12th] Hz in active bacterial cells as seen by laser Raman spectroscopy. Physics Letters 60A(3):267-268;
   ChaliceBullet20-21  Rowlands, S., L.S. Sewchand, and L. Skibo, 1983l Conversion of albumin into a transmitter of the ultra long-range interaction of human erythrocytes. Cell Biophysics 5:197-203;
   ChaliceBullet20-21  Rivera, H., Pohl, 1985. The ac field patterns about living cells. Cell Biophysics 7:43.

   ChaliceBullet20-21  F.M.K. Lam Jr., Tsuei, J.J. and Z. Zhao. "Studies in Bioenergetic Correlations--Bioenergetic Regulatory Measurement Instruments and Devices." American Journal of Acupuncture, Vol. 16, No.4, Oct.-Dec. 1988.
   ChaliceBullet20-21  Becker, R.O.:Proof that the direct electrical currents in the salamander are semiconducting innature. Science 134, 101-102, 1961.
   ChaliceBullet20-21  Becker, R.O. Cross Currents. The Promise of Electromedicine, the Perils of Electropollution. Jeremy P. Tarcher, Inc., Los Angeles, 1990.
   ChaliceBullet20-21  Becker, R., M. Reichmanis and A. Marino. Electrophysiological correlates of acupuncture points and meridians. Psychoenergetic Systems 1: 105, 1976.
   ChaliceBullet20-21  Oschman, J.L.: A Biophysical Basis of Acupuncture, Private manuscript, 1993.

   ChaliceBullet20-21  Oschman, J.L. Charge transfer in the living matrix. (Jul. Epub 2008 Jul 30)J. Bodyw. Mov. Ther. 2009; 13: 215–228
   ChaliceBullet20-21  Oschman, J.L. Structure and properties of ground substances. American Zoologist 24: 199-215, 1984.
   ChaliceBullet20-21  Bella, J., M. Eaton, B.Brodsky and H.M. Berman. Crystal and molecular structure of a collagen-like peptide at 1.9Å resolution. Science 266, 75-81, 1994.
   ChaliceBullet20-21  Burr, H.S. and F.S.C. Northrup. The electro-dynamic theory of life. Quart. Rev. Biol. 10: 322-333, 1935.
   ChaliceBullet20-21  Ho, M.W.: Quantum Coherence and Conscious Experience. Kybernetes, 26: 265-276, 1997a.

   ChaliceBullet20-21  Ho, M.W. Towards a theory of the organism. Integrative Physiological and Behavioral Science 32: 1997b.
   ChaliceBullet20-21  Ho, M.W.The Rainbow and the Worm, The Physics of Organisms, 2nd ed., World Scientific, Singapore, 1998.
   ChaliceBullet20-21  Haffegee, J., M.W. Ho and Y.M. Zhou, unpublished results, 1998.

   ChaliceBullet20-21  Ho, M.W., Haffegee, J., Newton, R., Zhou, Y.M., Bolton, J.S., Ross, S.: Organisms as polyphasic liquid crystals. Bioelectrochemistry and Bioenergetics 41, 81-91, 1996.
   ChaliceBullet20-21  Ho, M.W., Lawrence, M.: Interference Colour Vital Imaging: A Novel Noninvasive Microscopic Technique. Microscopy and Analysis September, 26.
   ChaliceBullet20-21  Ho, M.W. and P.T. Saunders. Liquid crystalline mesophases in living organisms. in Bioelectrodynamics and Biocommunication, Ho,M.W., F.A. Popp and U. Warnke (Eds.), World Scientific, Singapore, 1994.
   ChaliceBullet20-21  Kreis, R., Boesch, C.: Liquid-crystal-like structure of human muscle demonstrated by in vivo observation of direct dipolar coupling in localized proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Journal of Magnetic Resonance B 104: 189-192, 1994.
   ChaliceBullet20-21  Zhou, Y.M., R.H. Newton, J; Haffegee, J.Y. Brown, S. Ross, J.P. Bolton and M.W. Ho. Imaging liquid crystalline mesophases in vivo and in vitro: measuring molecular birefringence and order parameter of liquid crystals. Bios Journal, 1996.
   ChaliceBullet20-21  Collings, P.J. Liquid Crystals, Nature's Delicate Phase of Matter, Princeton University Press, Princeton, 1990.
   ChaliceBullet20-21  Knight, D. and D. Feng. Collagens as liquid crystals. Paper presented in British Association for the Advancement of Science, Chemistry Session, Molecular Self-Assembly in Science and Life, Keele, 1993.
   ChaliceBullet20-21  Knight, D.P., S.W. Hu, L.J. Gathercole, M. Rusaöuen-Innocent, M.W. Ho and R. Newton, Molecular orientation in an extruded collagenous composite, the marginal rib of the egg capsule of the dogfish Cyliorhinus canicula: a novel lyotropic liquid crystalline arrangement and how it is defined in the spinneret. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London 351: 1205-1232, 1996.
   ChaliceBullet20-21  Giraud-Guille, M.M. Liquid crystallinity in condensed type I collagen solutions. A clue to the packing of collagen in extracellular matrices. Journal of Molecular Biology 224: 861-873, 1992.

   ChaliceBullet20-21  Ross, S., R. Newton, Y.M. Zhou, H. Jaffegee, M.W. Ho, J.P. Bolton and D. Knight. Quantitative image analysis of birefringent biological material. Journal of Microscopy 187: 62-67, 1997.
   ChaliceBullet20-21  Bouligand, Y.: Twisted Fibrous Arrangement in Biological Materials and Cholesteric Mesophases. Tissue and Cell 4, 189-217, 1972.


Related References at This Site

    ChBullet   "Approaches & Methodologies for Body-Mind Integration":Suggestions & Resources (lots of titles and authors) for Considering Receiving the work as well as for Vocational Considerations. This page might also assist in understanding some basic body-mind concepts. Includes sections, "Correlative Systems for (Body-Mind Health) Evaluation," "Variations in Practice & Scope of BodyMind Therapies," "One way of describing the basis of Integrative Bodywork," "Which Approach for Emotions" (comparing EMDR (incl. EFT, "TAP," & related Energy Psychology systems) to dialog-based, or other Gestalt, Humanist, Buddhist approaches, etc. Aug-Sept'16: Added a) "Ron Kurtz, Daniel Siegel, John Briere, and by Mary Morgan On Memory" - with excerpts from "Neuroscience and Psychotherapy" by Marilyn Morgan, SRN, B.A., MNZAP, b) Ref/Links to define and give relevant psychological context for *Sub-Personalities* including those per "Psychosynthesis", and c) resource links and notes more particularly oriented to the aspect of trauma, the catastrophic origination of the need for body-mind integration therapies.

    ChBullet   The "Body-Mind Integration" (Essays) Page
Begins with title essay,  ChaktiBullet-S "Body-Mind Integration in the Personal Growth Process" about the HOW'S AND WHY'S Of Storage of Tension and Memory in the bodily tissues ("normal" and otherwise): When, how and why it is stored and released; communication between body and mind, benefits; proprioreceptors, personal growth, massage/bodywork, therapist's approach, etc. (Published In Massage Magazine, July-August 1992.)
        Additions to the page since that article went on line:  ChaktiBullet-S "The science behind the body-mind relationships" (in the reference section), as well as over 12 full-length addendum essays. These essays complete the context, while further clarify the dynamics and processes involved for *common sense* preventative maintenance application, including self-help level emotional processing. They include  ChaktiBullet-S "Muscle Q & A" (a kind of overview of the mind-body aspect),  ChaktiBullet-S "Adrenaline & Athletes, Aging, & Chronic Muscle Pain" & older multi-injury former athletes (and more indepth in)  ChaktiBullet-S "Adrenaline vs Endorphins ...Sports, Brain Activity, Muscles and Tendons, and Healthfully Extended Aging..." with a flow chart briefly illustrating the interfaces of the Proprio-Neuro Fascia-Muscular, Motor Management Centers, Adrenal Systems, Connective Tissue Cells, as well as the Inner Child & Related Aspects;  ChaktiBullet-S "Body Awareness and Communications, as Related to Body-Memory and Integration", and  ChaktiBullet-S "Cell Talk" - on how & why Learning to listen to this "Body-Mind", and building a healing relationship with ones cells (muscles or otherwise), is the most highly efficient path for preventative health maintenance and much more;  ChaktiBullet-S "Sticky Muscles" and Sticky-(E)motions! [About Adhesions & Cellular Emotional Memory ];  ChaktiBullet-S "EQ, IQ, Emotional Integration, and a Synergetic Relationship" and A little more about "the brain as a tool kit"; and Reviews & commentary for articles on Massage, Alternative Therapies, & Pain, incl.  ChaktiBullet-S "Study: Massages really can make pain go away" & Sept 2011 Consumer Report. There is a Related References section, artwork, charts, & quotes throughout the page. [Note: Keywords referring to, or related to, the phenomenon of body memory: somatic memory, tissue memory, muscle memory, somatic experience, somatic healing, somatic therapy, body-mind split, mind-body split]. Finally,  ChaktiBullet-S "Insight Please" relates Chinese Five Element Theory to body-mind concepts.

Chart ofLowBackExercises-Part2.gif
"Low-Intensity Low-Back Exercises"
(with illustrated charts) for Use with Tensing Yoga

    ChBullet   QUESTION About Inversion / Traction: What would result from just the right combination of a) focus on the points noted at the "Tensing Yoga" page, & the resulting highly elevated body-awareness in b) applying just the right amount of traction for your muscles (considering that amount may change for any given hour of any given day) via an inversion device appropriate for your individual needs, in cases of chronic muscle spasm, injury & re-injury situations, including disk damage ? As for part b): "Using your inversion table - Suggestions for Getting Started" at Energy Center .Com includes LOTS of resources for more information about the devices themselves, for efficient as well as safe application, as well as great instruction for preventative maintenance, including related nutrition, etc.

Chart of Core Body-Mind Integration Concepts in Context, Thumbnail Oct'11
"Core Body-Mind Integration Concepts in Context Chart"
(Oct 2011)
at the Organization Chart page. This chart compacts the key points into a relatively small visual space, and provides a summary of them and their implications relative to body-mind preventative maintenance, pain management, other aspects, as well as links to their respective essays or sections. Addressing the relationships among these aspects is what make this site unique.

"The science behind the body-mind relationships"
at the "Body-Mind Integration" page

    ChBullet   "Tensing Yoga" and other Self-Applications
          For Self-Healing, Body-Mind Awareness, & Preventative Maintenance (rev. 7/02, ..7'13).
Technique is explained for context and self-application. TY is about specific applications for chronic muscle pain, related injuries, without need to learn asanas (poses). However, TY may be used to get into positions quicker, easier, and without injury. All of which is critically related to healing or preventing injury. TY could be considered an optimized form of self-applied, neuro-muscular re-education, reinforced with a body-mind connectivity that insures a more comprehensive and long-term response (High Preventative Maintenance Gains). Page sections include: those with emphasis on Tension Range per the *Work/Rest Ratio*, the most ideal ratio would be created from developing an Optimal Working Tension and an Optimal Resting Tension and an Optimal Proprioceptor Function based working relationship between these two dynamics, resulting in Optimal Muscle Energy Efficiency. And that through individual muscle focus, teamwork/ "edgework", and learn that as we interface with our cells in the way that TY leads us to do. And we can directly, and naturally engage that capacity for neuroplasticity - for re-organization of the brain and other neural networks (including proprioceptors in muscles) - especially when we include all elements of the approach, including focus, attitude, and rapport with the cells [as covered on the page]. Also on the page: "Low-Intensity Low-Back Exercises" Chart and "Before Rising..." instructions, a fun "Exercise for Illustrating Tension Range...", as well as a "Breathing Ratio Chart" - method & application. Sub-topics including the extremely common myths about *Muscle Stretching* (leaving out focus on the nature and mechanism(s) of *tensing*), a number of yoga ref-links for specific ailments/conditions as well as for selecting the right form of yoga for you, and about a "Muscle Madness" game!? "Origins of Tensing Yoga & Related Ref's from More *Traditional Yoga*" include my own self-healing story.

    ChBullet   "Understanding the Pattern Triad and The Body Pattern Assessment" [Rev'd & New Sections, Dec'09] Mind-Body Relationships and *coping mechanisms, *challenges, and *gifts on one's Life Path. This page is about how the body has habitually responded to experience is evidenced by the body's holding and movement patterns. Includes "Notes on Mind-Body Correlations - Source-References, Organization of *Body Memory,* and 'WHAT I DO' ". I provide an explanation for a system of assessments and mind-body correlations -- learned and integrated from/for my work with others as well as for my own life process. Other sections include excerpts from "Body Memory and ... Learning Life Lessons." About aspects to be discovered, emotionally cleared, and then employed as mental/emotional assets and guidance towards determining and accomplishing life goals. [Note: Keywords referring to, or related to, the same phenomenon: somatic memory, tissue memory, muscle memory, somatic experience, somatic healing, somatic therapy.]

    The "Body-Mind Nutrition" Page With considerations in relating a transition in diet & nutrition to personal and spiritual growth, and the benefits of such transition. In addition to the title essay, includes sections,
    ChaktiBullet-S   "More on this 'Natural Aging Process'" about possibly/ likely new potentials in aging without near so much disability and pain in the later stages; complementing that with research referenced articles,
    ChaktiBullet-S   "DNA Research, DNA Repair, and Neuroplasticity - Scientific Break-throughs with Wonderfully Validating Conclusions." To me, this implies that, given these scientifically established capabilities in neuroplasticity, including scientifically backed capabilities of the mind to effect enzymes, cellular metabolism, blood physiology (pH, enzyme processes, etc) within and around the cell matrix, we can facilitate communication among our own cells to use that same capacity to repair damages and thus heal our cells -- thus encouraging the kind of preventative maintenance that facilitates the science of true healing. And that medical authorities, as well as alternative healing practitioners, can now, with full scientific backing, teach people how to do this. And about
    ChaktiBullet-S   "The Immune System, Aging, and an Attitudinal Approach that May Improve It." As well as:
    ChaktiBullet-S   "Dietary Nutrition, Neuro-Endocrine Infrastructure, Neuroplasticity, and Aging" on relationship of nutrition and psycho-emotional environment during infancy and childhood upon key aspects of development of 'A Stable Platform for Perception', and the 'Psycho-emotional Infrastructure', it's maturation through adulthood, as well as upon the aging process. The neuroplasticity aspect relates well to the essay on proprioceptors, "Adrenaline vs Endorphins...", not to mention the relationship with ones cells (muscles or otherwise), covered at the "Body-Mind Integration" (Essays) Page (described just below). Some debate with Barbara Ehrenreich in
    ChaktiBullet-S   "About the Immune System and The Aging Body - As a 'Battleground' ...Or As A Worthy Challenge." On the more eclectic side is
    ChaktiBullet-S   "Blessing Nutrition" about how prayer and invocation work at the atomic & molecular levels (facilitating processes by re-aligning their structural & therefore magnetic/ionic arrangement) to facilitate the optimal nutrition of the food, as well as optimal digestion, assimilation, and integration of the nutrients and vital force provided by the food. Includes some sample invocations for context and application.


An Email Discussion (Jan.'98) between Dr. Ralph Wilson, ND (RW) and myself (BCP):

BCP:           My occupation, vocation, and main interest is the science regarding how and why connective tissue contracts and relaxes -- thereby determining most, if not every, form of energy flow around/into/through ALL bodily structures and systems, and thereby determining not only the state of communicability, but the very survival of each cell. This involves the most physical of dynamics as well as, in my perspective, the psycho-emotional, and psycho-spiritual, and/or how (the degree of balance with which) one consciously and/or unconsciously inter-connects all that. A primer in that regard may be found in the Essay, "Body-Mind Integration in the Personal Growth Process" [addendum essays added on that page May-Oct'11].

RW:           The thought--craniosacral rhythm seems related to cosmic forces, at least the moon cycle. Ebb, flow...etc.

BCP:           Yes, but the pathways (and their blocks, therefore the volume & rhythm) are strongly affected if not pretty much determined by the positioning, degree of vascular constriction, degree of flexibility in, and direction of, movement on/with surrounding tissues/organs, degree of other forms of energy flow/charge/frequency in proximity (and more ? ) of the fascia and other connective tissues. Just the moisture levels (to take one of its properties for example) in/on/around fascia can make a difference in the friction with muscle/organ/other tissues in/against it, and that (friction) is what scar tissue (in the worst case) and postural patterning in general is all about. Those And for this came Rolfing, and the various related therapies it parented, all whose basis is "connective tissue therapy." And those moisture levels affect the bio-electric current and peripheral current vibration around and through it --via energy fields as well as via neuronal activity. Here's where that essay/theory comes in strongly (the link is on the previous emailing).

RW:           I scanned it quickly, where does homeopathy fit in? I am more intrigued by this.

BCP:           In determining the flow, state of communicability ? Well, I guess, in some cases Homeopathy will interface directly with these dynamics, depending on the particular remedy, I would surmise (?) This reminds me of two quotes:

"There is no psychology: there is only physiology".
-- Ida Rolf

"One morning.. Ida Rolf clumped into her living room at Big Sur where about twenty of us were assembled. ' Word's going around Esalen that Ida Rolf thinks that the body is all there is. Well, I want it known that I think there's more than the body, but the body is all you can get your hands on.' "
-- Don Johnson, The Protean Body

          It's the last phrase by Ida Rolf that provides the kicker here. The CT is not only the physical net in/of and around all the other stuff, it is also the most continuous and most tangibly interconnective of any system save possibly for the blood or bio-electric current itself, and even those are potentially as affected by the CT as the CT is by them ! And then there is that memory storage medium capacity -- theoretically at the least -- that enters into other ballparks in which there are many other complementary therapies/modalities.



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