Integrated Preventative Health Maintenance Systems Research & Development
“Fascia Memory Theory” or
“Fascia-based Emotional Memory Storage (FEMS) System Theory”

A Theory of Multi-System Bio-Energetic Communications

About Reading “Sensor Field Arrays” and “Wrinkles in the Saran Wrap”
( Full version at http://www.chalicebridge.com/FasciaMemTheory.html
Original June `96 version at http://www.futurehealth.org/bpv1n3.htm )


         In the proposed overall goals for the fascia memory project *(above left), the KEY phrases related to the theory are "...the relationship(s) between connective tissue (fascia), the objective/subjective experience, and 'body-memory'...", and "...all manner of changes ...in fascia..."
         That is, the theory is about the question(s) of a) what relationship(s) there are among these elements, b) what changes there may be among these elements and the relationships among them as related to somatic memory storage - including what kind(s) of memory and how and why and where (more specifically), and c) the reasoning behind how and why such might be understood to exist. The purpose of this page is to effectively communicate that, and, ideally, to do that sufficiently to achieve the scientific review, analysis, and research that is best suited to accomplish the proposed goals of the project.

         "Fascia-Memory" and a Basic Premise at the foundation of this project: There exists much documentation (a great deal of it being referenced on this page) indicating there is a primary cause and effect relationship between emotional trauma (or milder but repeated emotionally charged stress), the suppression of any memory
of that, and retained tension in the physical body. That includes documentation that fascia retains a physical record of stresses, strains, and injuries to muscle fibers.
         Further, it is theorized here that there is a significant relationship between this tension and the (subsequent) injuries that are most likely to occur for any given person. More specifically, this is very useful since this relationship pertains to location and type of injury; even the timing (most apparently as per phases of development and maturation of the physical body). Even if that were true only for very significant types and amounts of tension, it would be very important. The references provided below cover a good deal of the very wide range of considerations that, if you will, compose the infrastructure of the fascia memory theory.

          While I believe there may be multiple ways that the brain-mind stores and accesses memory, the *Connective Tissue Sensor Field Arrays* (CT-SFA) or "Wrinkles in the Saran Wrap" system (introduced and elaborated below in text and chart) would seem to work well for the "emotionally charged" and/or suppressed experiences. That would include mechanisms for incompletely processed portions of experiences, for which the person consciously and/or unconsciously feels a needs for further processing. This protective suppression - and/or coping mechanism and related conditioning processes - then sets up a tension which is held in those particular muscles that the person's body-mind most associates with the nature of that tension at that time and circumstance.

This process or mechanism occurs most commonly during, and as a critical psychologically formative part of, the years of infancy. Such muscle-holding or movement patterns are readily and consistently identifiable (as correlating to specific personality learning traits/styles) by a great many practitioners who work with connective tissue, muscles, skeletal alignment, etc. The completion of experience-processing then takes place if/when a more appropriate time and circumstance presents itself, and as the priorities and readiness allow for that particular and/or related psycho-emotional development.

          Such *psycho-emotionally integrative* completion processes are the substance of most bodywork therapies - from Rolfing and Postural Integration to Hakomi, Feldenkrais, Cranial-Sacral Therapy, etc.

But how, physiologically or neuro-energetically speaking, does an experience cause an emotional charge to get stored "into" connective tissue?

An Image to Set the Scene:

1) Imagine a section of mountainous terrain that has plateaus, valleys, flatlands and rivers in and through it. Imagine that each one of these, as well as the mountains themselves, have lines of conductive material outlining them as well as in diagonal lines formed between each corner section that would be created by the shapes of them.

2) See a one-dimensional map underlying the whole terrain, like a flat surface that all the above sits on, and draw lines from each of the above noted points down to this flat surface.

3) Now do the same for four sides and a top. [Actually, its not that simple, but here we will pretend that all the sections are square] You have created a 3-dimensional matrix filled in with "blocks" or sections - each having a top, bottom, and four sides - and each of these blocks are outlined with lines of conductive material.

4) Imagine that Electricity flows through each of these
conductive lines and that this action forms a field of secondary energy around the line - or circuit. Each square block therefore has 12 circuits bordering it [in this simplified example]. Now consider that, depending on whether the line is originally a mountain perimeter, ariver main, a valley diagonal, or a reference line to a border surface, the line conducts a different frequency of energy, therefore the surrounding electro-magnetic field (EMF) is also individual to that circuit, and that this individual nature is further varied by the volume of current flowing through it. The overall energy field in each block that is subsequently created by the combination of these 12 electro-magnetic fields is highly individual compared to that of any other block, and could be understood therefore to have a particular identity or "signature."

5) Now imagine that there is a system for detection and interpretation of each blocks' energy field, not to mention that of whole matrices, combinations of matrices in the same local, of matrices within and/or connected to whole systems, and so on.

6) Now for some fun -- Lets imagine that the whole above matrix, with all the blocks in it, is made of a clear, flexible material, one that you can see through, and that when it's stretched or squeezed it tends to retain the impression of that re-shaping somewhat.

7) Pretend that you compress it - from the sides - and re-shape it so it looks a bit squashed. Notice that the blocks inside are also a little re-shaped. And guess what happens to the circuit lines and the energy fields around/in those blocks -- well, I'm not a physicist or even a mathematician, so I wouldn't try to make a sophisticated speculation, but we can guess that the energy field would change.
          =>     Very likely, the frequency of the various circuits' EMF fields would then change and the effect of the blocks' overall field upon that of neighboring blocks would also change. And it might be hard to imagine that one block could even be compressed without distorting the dimensions of neighboring fields, so we could figure that many simultaneous changes are taking place in that whole region of matrices.

Fields of Communication

           OK, now lets take a section of the human musculature, create a few terms that better refer to the human anatomy, and elaborate. Please forgive any unnecessary redundancy in describing the dynamics and energetic relationships:

Reading "Sensor Field Arrays" and "Wrinkles in the Saran Wrap"

According to this theory:

          The fascia is richly supplied with sensors (ie: the sensory nerves, proprioreceptors, and other nervous system components) such that "Sensor Field Arrays" (SFA) are created by multiple layers of fascia and in varying numbers of planes in any given area of soft tissue. That is to say, an energy field is created by any given grouping of sensors (a Sensor Field Array), simply due to the electro-magnetic vibration created by each of its components, that when gathered together form a collective electro-magnetic field.

          As this field is 3 dimensional, the electro-dynamics there are similar (if many times smaller) to those we would measure around electric transmission equipment and fields of wires, except that here the wires and transformers may be laying in many different planes and directions and radiating their electric fields in varying strengths and even varying frequencies. Hence, each Sensor Field Array has a basic original Sensor Field Configuration that serves as its signature. This signature is read by the components of that field (via a kind of bio-electric triangulation and radar-like pattern reading), and this reading is recorded as an original and unique set of data. (It should be noted that sensor fields may physically and/or energetically overlap, contain or be contained by, other sensor fields.)

          In this way the Sensor Field Arrays are used in conjunction with the Motor Mgt Centers[
*] of the brain to create a "memory" of emotion related events (ERE) as registered in the body fascia. The sensor field signature [or SFA Configuration (SFAC)] is used to compare to ERE of subsequent experience. This comparison creates another set of data that serves as "memory" that compares the results of one experience to another. It does this via the "pleating" (the well known "saran wrap" signature formed in fascia) and which is created by ERE. This is because the pleating distorts the sensor field energy configuration ...

FOR EXAMPLE:     [See CHART BELOW as needed ]

          In time phase one we have a certain arrangement of pleating in the fascia in a given Sensor Field Array. The energy configuration of this field is "read" by the sensors and designated as the "original" signature SFA Configuration of that field. This signature data is stored as a set of dimensional coordinates, energy vectors, and frequencies. In Phase two, an event causes a displacement of the atomic or molecular structure, changing the dimensions, energy vectors, and frequencies in that field. This change is compared and this comparison is recorded as an internal holographic image -- an "internal memory" -- that is referenced and correlated with the data registered by external sensory organs (of smell, sight, touch, hearing, and taste).

          The brain interprets this data and serves to coordinate the flow of information and manage the responses of related functions and maintain operations. If, for some reason, the person responds to the experience with a interruption of the breathing process, resulting in an interruption in the flow of this information (due to an ERE), it affects the oxygen supplied to the energy field in question. The musculature of that field is momentarily paralyzed and a pleat is formed in the fascia of that field. Now there is a permanent new signature in that field, as well as a new SF Configuration that is a result both of the pleating as well as of any new dimensions. If on the other hand the subsequent experience (in phase two) is continuous to the next experience, we say the experience in phase two is complete and there is no permanent physical marking or *storage* of that experience with a pleat, and the Fascial SF Configuration is simply given over to the next one.

          On an unconscious mental dimension, for each Sensory Field and/or set of any combination of them, morphic fields are created for storage of patterned reactions and responses of soft tissue, based in part on the physical pleating, and based in part on learning of (postural and movement) behavior. Habit patterns, that fix posture and movement within only certain ranges, relates directly to the pleating and the resultant restrictions in the soft tissue.

          The brain over time learns to interpret the data registered -- this is what is generally referred to as learning. But learning to interpret the internally sensed holographic image data involves the so-called empathic and psychic capabilities, which we all have and use, but usually without our being conscious of it, let alone in an organized and consistent fashion. The proprioreceptors and their maintenance of appropriate muscle tone and postural balance is actually a major part of this system, at least on the physical level. But the other parts of this system provide relationship between our mental perceptions, the feelings around them, and the manner and nature with which experience affects the physical body in the short term and in the long term.

          Moisture content along the fascial surfaces would then determine the strength of electrical potential or "charge" in that field. This translates to kinesthetic-sensory and emotional sensitivity for that field. A Pleat forms emotional-related charges for as long as the experience is kept as a conscious memory. There would be a direct corollary between the memory being suppressed, and the field's moisture content decreasing and thus it's oxygen level (and/or its "normal" use of oxygen) decreasing. Ideally, moisture content is high such that the bio-electric currents pass through and feelings do not get "stuck" -- stored as suppressed emotion. Another way of saying this is that fascial bio-electro/magnetic resonance reflects memory (experience) with the manner in which solution is distributed on its surface; coherent wave patterns reflect symmetricity and alignment of atomic relationships.

          There are references to a "Model for Bioelectric Responsiveness of Fascia" in some of the myo-fascial release trainings, but if we truly want to know the degree of bio-electric interconnectivity, and the potential for engaging our capacities for neuroplasticity, in my opinion, we will look much deeper into the fascia and it's interfaces with other connective tissues, per the theory above and the research into the devices as proposed in the "Fascia Memory Project".

          At the original web page for the Fascia Memory Theory there are "Related Considerations", including about the application of this theory to research on Fibromyalgia as "a perfuse scattering of waste products throughout the muscle tissues, due to their being chronically held *contracted* and under-circulated, including trauma induced contractedness over a broad-area. (Including by being forcibly tickled in early childhood.) And a broad scattering of fine pin-pricks of pain." [Apr'11] Keywords referring to, or related to, the same phenomenon: body memory, emotional trauma, somatic memory, tissue memory, muscle memory, somatic experience, somatic healing, somatic therapy.
*Motor Management Centers*   (and not just "Motor Cortex")
         "Motor Management Centers" is the term I have chosen to refer to the Motor Cortex, Somatic Sensory Cortex, Cerebellum and brain stem (for proprioception). As an addition to the Fascia Memory theory, this term also refers to areas of the Limbic system that manage emotional integration as associated with muscle fascia memory storage and related adrenal response mechanisms. This term replaces the previous use of the terms "Motor Cortex" and "Motor Control Centers" where their use at this site was overly limiting, thus incorrect. Also included (Aug'17) is a reference the thalamus of the Limbic System as well as to the Cerebellum -- as I am becoming more convinced of the Thalamus as (as not only positionally central but) primary to the emotional integrative function of the fascia memory storage management, and of the Cerebellum (via brain stem) as where the KEYs & Formulas are recorded (or "sensorimotor mapping", albeit possibly much more complex than what research usually refers to with that term). Also added were the names of nerve tracts specific to the communication of proprioceptive information. [~cp, 8/7/16, 8/26/17]
Somato Sensory Related Contexts   (including as relates to the interface chart below)
         In various other contexts I have referred to the "Work/Rest Ratio" [The "Body-Mind Integration" (Essays) and "Tensing Yoga" pages] and will here include that this dynamic aspect is a (the?) most readily available kinesthetically direct and conscious interface with, and means of engaging and enhancing the somatic sensory modalities. This includes those pathways and systems in the brainstem, (=>) cerebellum, (=>) thalamus, AND hippocampus [with amygdala if/as related], that specifically have to do with the recovery and integration of suppressed memory (from trauma &/or longer term conditioning less than necessary for health), and of related types of implicit memory, particularly as that may correspond to chronic excess tension in that musculature being attended to. ["Implicit memory" is more related to *unconscious* memory; whereas "explicit" is more related to *conscious* memory.] Hence (IMHO):
                a) There is a great need to research these more implicit memory functions as compared to, but especially as interfacing with, the explicit memory functions of the hippocampus, et-all, thence the body-mind's overall management of their interface and greater appreciation of why as well as how the unconscious and conscious memories are kept that way when, why, and to the degree that they are.
                b) Which brings us to the consideration of healthcare modalities that purposely and therapeutically (or otherwise) engage and manipulate these systems. As with other "Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation" methodologies, the inherently natural psychological protections provided by these systems -preventing premature recovery of suppressed memories- will retain their integrity until and to the degree that the individual is ready to deal with that data. Whereas as an integral part of integrative therapies, 'Work/Rest Ratio' awareness enhancement (*consciously engaging inhibitory pathways*) may greatly assist in providing the most healthfully integrative way of facilitating development of systems of self-initiated and self-managed body-mind awareness and preventative maintenance. [~cp, 9/1/17]

Proprioceptor field array D2a artistic rendering by Chris Pringer, Jan 2010 & 2011
Proprioceptor field array D3a artistic rendering by Chris Pringer, Jan 2010 & 2011
Proprioceptor field array D2c2 &Cellp5[dslv1] artistic rendering by Chris Pringer, Jan 2010 & 2011
Proprioceptor field array D2c1 artistic rendering by Chris Pringer, Jan 2010 & 2011
Proprioceptor field array D1c1 artistic rendering by Chris Pringer, Jan 2010 & 2011
Proprioceptor field array D2c1 artistic rendering by Chris Pringer, Jan 2010 & 2011
Proprioceptor field array D3c3 rendering by Chris Pringer, Jan 2010 & 2011
Artistic Renderings of "proprioceptor field arrays" in muscle cells - Chris Pringer Jan 2010 & 2011

    The chart at right is an attempt to effectively depict the essential fascia memory theory dynamics, plus a few more, including relationships between the muscles and tendons, the proprioceptors, the Motor Mgt Centers[*], the adrenal glands (and other components of the endocrine system), the emotional body, and how we respond to experience. Most notably, it goes into more detail with regard to (as part of and in keeping with) the theory for how particular configurations are stored and updated, with codes or "Keys", "KeySets" (sets of keys), and the "formulas" that they reference in the Motor Mgt Centers.

    Hence, a certain amount of memory, or essential parts of memory -that has been stored due to an emotional component- is stored in the body, and it's resources for "reference" (usually unconscious) or retrieval (as it becomes more/fully conscious) is stored in the Motor Mgt Centers of the brain (per this theory).

    PLEASE NOTE: with regard to certain of the terms used, relative to those in the Fascia Memory Theory:

ChaliceBullet20-21 "Bio-E State" or "Bio-Energetic State" is equivalent to the "Sensor Field Array Configuration" (SFAC)

ChaliceBullet20-21 "Bio-Energetic State & Signature" is equivalent to the "SFA Configuration Signature" (SFAC Signature)

ChaliceBullet20-21 "Formulas" are made up of "keysets" (combinations of "Keys") in such a way to facilitate each "Sensor Field Array Configuration" (SFAC). SFAC's, representing changes in the fascia, thence (per the theory) have specifically correlating reference data stored in the Motor Mgt Centers (or directly related area) of the brain.

¤ "Motor Management Centers" refers to the motor cortex, somatic sensory cortex, cerebellum and brain stem, and areas of the limbic system that manage emotions associated with fascia memory storage and related adrenal response mechanisms. Related Note in an above section
System Interfaces in the Psycho-Physiology of the Fascia Memory Theory
A flow chart very briefly illustrating the interfaces of the "Proprio-Neuro Fascia-Muscular, Motor Cortex, Connective Tissue Cells, as well as the Adrenal System, Inner Child, & Related Aspects"     [(2/19/12, 6/14/12, 8/26/17))]

The Motor Management Centers as specifically related are briefly discussed in an above section. And, as needed, opening another browser tab and reading the "Body-Mind Integration..." essay may also help greatly in fully grasping all the key parts and dynamics involved (relative to the proprioreceptor - emotional body - body memory interface)

Regarding the "Inner Child": pertaining to the "Re-Parenting" approach, born directly of Transactional Analysis and the Humanist, Gestalt approach of John Bradshaw's work. Such that an "Inner Child" is a personification of the emotional body elements related to a given set of bodily-stored memory(s). But which is/are also "compiled" in such a way that we can therapeutically interface effectively with that, through a variety of well established modalities of techniques. [REF]

A flow chart briefly illustrating the psycho-physiology of the Fascia Memory Theory
Multiple Interfacing Proprioreceptor Systems
in "GPS" Systems Analogy
Includes Postural Balance System

Its like a global "GPS" System (in its comparatively rudimentary positional locating & recalibration capability). The Adrenal-Fascial Interface is included through one of the sub-systems.

Micro-second scenarios are scripted for each sub-system in accomplishing tasks. Names of "GPS" sub-systems (highlighted below) are made up for the analogy, and a little personality has been projected in to play out the back-n'-forth conversation to represent feedback loop signals between 2 proprioreceptors. Into those has been rendered different temperaments: from executive managerial to emotional reactive.

Postural Balance / "GPS 1", (Global): Highest level of Proprioreceptor Interface: "Thank you for your continuous reporting, 1L's. Thank you sensory systems. Executing calibration procedure 8822 per 77A..."

Legend4BdyMndProprioN'GPS'AnlgyCht -Chris Pringer 2013

Note: Diagrams here are for showing functional relationships; muscle cells or fibers are actually very long and thin, with proprioreceptors in or around layers of fascia, not inside the muscle cell bodies themselves.
"Muscle Group System GPS 2" (Local to Global): Local Tension/Position to Global Posture Calibration, coordinating different muscle groups in different parts of the body with very different specialized functions (ie: between arms and legs): "Teams 3322 checking in.." "Check" "Teams 4411 transitioning..." "Check. Ready coordination procedure 77A...

"Muscle Group System GPS 2B" (Local to Global): same as GPS 2 sets except for the coordination is between mirrored muscle groups and tandem movements (ie: between individual muscles of left and right arms, or between those of left and right erector spinae muscles of the back).

"Muscle Cell GPS 3": Local Tension Calibration/Position-Coordination System - among fibers/cells in the same muscle or muscle group: "are we where we're supposed to be for the current...?" "No, we need to adjust this way this much for now, tension level 'Easy 4a'." "Ok, got it." "Ok, cool sailin', catch you on the next..."
TopRt4BdyMndProprioN'GPS'AnlgyCht -Chris Pringer 2013

MtrCortxProprioFdBkLp4BdyMndProprioN'GPS'AnlgyCht -Chris Pringer 2013

Adrenal / Inner Child / "GPS" Interface
This system functions like "GPS 3", except for its major role in fascia memory dynamics, as a bridge between "GPS 2,3" and the Sensor Field Arrays. It is an intermediary between the working "original", the survived past, and the current (disfunctional but coping) states of neuro-muscular function.

"Muscle Cell GPS 3Aux": Local Fascia Memory Storage Modification: (of Re-calibration/coordination per patterning and related situational parameters, per un-processed situation memory-related input, including over-bearing tendency to project past onto the present, etc. Also hyper-receptive to adrenal stimulus: "Special Forces Alert: Warning, Warning, It's happening again! Go to pattern '3' [coping mechanism "level 3"] - Go here and hold at least 'x' amount of tension, no matter what GPS 2 says." "But nothing's going on." "Maybe not if we do pattern '3'." "We're going to gunk things up for awhile, again." "Trust me, its safer this way, Warning, Warning..." "Ok, Ok, we're there."

AdrenalICSet4BdyMndProprioN'GPS'AnlgyCht -Chris Pringer 2013
CellSets4BdyMndProprioN'GPS'AnlgyCht -Chris Pringer 2013

* "Special Forces Alert" (for this analogy) refers to an adrenal-accentuated response related to a set of muscle tension range and movement patterns, having been established early in life as part of a coping mechanism. This being different from patterned responses which are less, or not at all, "adrenalized," and whose patterns are more related to depression, lets say. All as apart from those cells not patterned at all (not being associated with an 'Inner Child', unproccessed memories, or keyed with fascia memory).

***Chart of System Interfaces in the Psycho-Physiology of the Fascia Memory Theory*** Aug'17: BioE-State (SFAC) Formula(s) stored in Moter Management Centers - Each is associated with a Key for Bio-Energetic State & Signature KeySet(s), per Fascia Memory Theory. Different Keys of a formula may relate to different aspects of a configuration; a given Key may apply to multiple Bio-E States. But each Bio-E State Signature (KeySet) is unique, set up more like DNA, yet less permanent, ready to adapt to new states, adding Keys but retaining BioE state Sig.s' memories via stored formulas. || Sensory Field Array Configuration -Bio-Energetic State & Signature KeySet for this PNFM Complex (associated with Formula(s) stored in Moter Management Ceniers. || Proprioreceptors -Comparing and Contrasting states of Tension, ETC -Using Feedback Loops between Muscle Cells & Proprioreceptors (as well as among Proprioreceptors). || Brain to Proprio-Neuro-Fascia-Muscular Complex Feedback Loop |:| Nerve Tracts for Proprioception (ie: From Dorsal Root of spinal nerves to the spine, then via the Dorsal and Ventral Spinocerebellar & Anterior Spinothalamic tracts, the Dorsal Column, incl. the Medial Lemniscal Pathway, Fasciculus. || Moter Management Centers (including the Somatic Sensory Cortex), via Brain Stem. Cerebellum, & related components of Limbic System, particularly the Thalamus, certain of which (cerebellum?) with the capacity to create New Formulas for Managing the storage. Organization of Keys, Formulas. & data for properties of individual muscle & musde groups, for proprioreception. coordination. & overall balance, etc. || The Adrenal Glands response to events that are perceived by ‘Emotional Body* as threatening. These glands command muscle cells to 'armor up', prepare for fight or flight. The tension is released per decreased degree of anxiety. As related to long-term fascia memory storage & release dynamics: Depending on nature & degree of any trauma, memory is suppressed relative to the creation of an ‘Inner Child* (1C) persona(s) as means of coping & eventual healing (See Below). Tension may be held or increased over time depending on many factors. || Adult Mental-Emotional Complex Includes Adrenal dynamics. Limbic System, and component interfaces with musculature. || Inner Child (IC): A complex of mechanisms created (usually when very (young) for coping with certain kinds of experience that the individual was not then capable of - EG: without incurring more pain than s/he could handle at the time. Adult Mental-Emotional Complex interfaces with habitually held tension in muscles - via its Inner Child interface - to facilitate renewed circulation (incl. of "awareness), “updating" cells, letting go, & healing.

Reminder: basics for proprioreceptor and body-memory dynamics are covered at the main "Body-Mind Integration..." essay,
and with particular applications at the "Pattern Triad" and "Tensing Yoga" pages. [Note: Keywords referring to, or related to, the phenomenon of body memory: somatic memory, tissue memory, muscle memory, somatic experience, somatic healing, somatic therapy, body-mind split, mind-body split]

Back to Page 2 (Intro and Table of Contents)          Or to next page 7

Your Questions and Commentary is Appreciated
via 206-286-0899 or via the Feedback Page
or regular email to chrispringer@iinet.com

Continuation of these efforts depend upon personal donations and charitable contributions.
If you feel so led, please visit the Web Site Support System Page



Thumbnail EmBody-Mind-Chalice-Synthesis in (AChaliToruSphere) by Chris Pringer
"The Body-Mind & The Chalice"
      Click here to go to the "About Page" (Author/Artist/Site Info)  
  Or  to the "2nd About Page" Or *The Story* of "The Body-Mind & The Chalice"
                  Or   here for What's NEW at ChaliceBridge
                                  Or  the ChaliceBridge.Com Index Page

Where You Are Now smile :
Thumbnail of ChaliceBridge.Com Organization Chart
Site Map & Organization Chart

Sample Artwork by yours truly:

Animated gif of selection of my work at Fine Art America, as of Dec'12

Above is a selection from my gallery at
ArtistWebsites.Com of Fine Art America (or Pixels.Com) viewable at full resolution, and is available in framed or canvas prints, greeting cards, & more.
A slideshow presentation at this site is at the Chalice Art & Holiday Card Slideshow Pages.
'Karma-learning-Love Shield' - 'What is Sown is Reaped, What is stolen is paid for; Karma is Learning is Justice is Love; The Tree of Life Bears the Flower of Life Bears the Tree of Life...' Shared by Chris Pringer 2010
"Karma Learning Love Shield" Chris Pringer 2010



site search by freefind

VISITS to ChaliceBridge.Com

The "HITS" count would be many times this number according to Google Stats. Below is an older chart of summarized results - according to Webalizer Stats.

All writing and artwork at Chalicebridge.Com (unless otherwise noted) is by the author/editor, Christopher Pringer of Ballard, WA

Hit Stats Pic

Web site/page © Chris Pringer, 1997 to Present (see individual articles and graphics for © dates by the author/artist)